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Fashion, apparel, textile, merchandising, garments

Fashion, apparel, textile, merchandising, garments

Published in: Business, Lifestyle
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  • 1. Foundations of Global Supply Chain Management
  • 2. Building Blocks of Supply Chain Management Y. NARAHARI Computer Science and Automation INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE Bangalore – 560 012 [email_address] Foundations of Global Supply Chain Management September 27, 2003
  • 3. Enterprise <ul><li>Network of independent companies possibly </li></ul><ul><li>in different geographical locations forming a </li></ul><ul><li>strategic alliance toward the common goal of </li></ul><ul><li>designing, manufacturing and delivering right </li></ul><ul><li>quality products/services to customers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Functional perspective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Process perspective </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. Functional and Process Perspective ORDER - TO - DELIVERY PROCESS SUPPLY CHAIN PROCESS Procurement Distribution Manufacturing Logistics
  • 5. Business Process <ul><li>A structured, measured set of activities ordered in time and space, designed to produce a customer desired output. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A business process could be decomposed into several other business processes. </li></ul></ul>Business Process Macro Micro <ul><li>SCP </li></ul><ul><li>ODP </li></ul><ul><li>NPDP </li></ul><ul><li>CRM Process </li></ul><ul><li>Order Mgmt </li></ul><ul><li>Answering a query from a customer </li></ul><ul><li>Checking the credit history of customer </li></ul>
  • 6. Supply Chain Process <ul><li>Integrated , coordinated network of value </li></ul><ul><li>delivering business processes that procure raw </li></ul><ul><li>materials, transform them into final products, </li></ul><ul><li>services and delivers the product to the customers </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Procurement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing/assembly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inbound logistics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Warehousing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Distribution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Outbound logistics </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 7. Why study Supply Chains ? <ul><li>Supply chains are ubiquitous: you could consider every product or service to have its own supply chain. </li></ul><ul><li>Companies world-wide are spending trillions of rupees on SCM </li></ul><ul><li>Backbone of E-business </li></ul><ul><li>Wholesome mix of industrial engineering, mathematics, computer science, and management </li></ul>
  • 8. Examples of Supply Chains in India <ul><li>Automotive - Telco, ALL, Mahindra, Maruti </li></ul><ul><li>Aerospace - ADA, HAL </li></ul><ul><li>Chemicals - Asian Paints, Apollo tyres, Reliance </li></ul><ul><li>Apparel - Madura Coats, Reliance </li></ul><ul><li>Food - Cadbury, Parle, Amul Products, HLL </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer durables - HLL, P & G </li></ul><ul><li>Forest Products - Papermills </li></ul><ul><li>Construction - L & T </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmaceutical - Ranbaxy, Glaxo </li></ul><ul><li>Electromechanical – Kirloskar, L & T </li></ul><ul><li>Tooling - HMT, Widia, Mico </li></ul><ul><li>PC/ Computer - IBM, WIPRO, HCL, Intel </li></ul>
  • 9. Supply Chain Building Blocks <ul><li>Structural </li></ul>Logical IT / ITEC Informational
  • 10. Structural Building Blocks <ul><li>Suppliers </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing / Assembly Plants </li></ul><ul><li>Warehouses </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution Centers </li></ul><ul><li>Retailers / Customers </li></ul><ul><li>Logistics Network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inbound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outbound </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Customers Orders </li></ul>
  • 11. Example of a Typical Supply Chain: IBM Europe PC Supply Chain Suppliers (International) 1.2 Million PC/Yr. Glasgow U.K. Warehouse Port PC Assembly Plant 13 Transshipment Points (TPs) in Europe Country-wide Distribution Centers (DCs) Retailers
  • 12. Logical Building Blocks OPERATIONAL TACTICAL STRATEGIC Procurement Distribution Manufacturing Logistics Logistics
  • 13. Order/ Product Flow through Supply Chain Functions Order Management Channel A Channel B Customer Channel C Product Distribution Manufacturing Demand Planning Supply Planning Part Supply Orders Demand Forecast Component Requirement Parts Production Plans Products Products Orders Products Products Orders Orders
  • 14. Examples of Decisions <ul><ul><ul><li>Supplier Selection (Tactical) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plant Location (Strategic) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Product Line Selection (Strat) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inventory Control (Tactical) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Production Scheduling (Ops) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamic routing (Ops) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MTO vs MTS vs BTO (Str) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 15. Mathematical Models <ul><ul><ul><li>Optimization Models (LP, ILP, MILP, CO, DP) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stochastic Models (Markov chains, Queuing networks, etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Statistical Models </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Game Theory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simulation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Machine learning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Auctions and Mechanism Design </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 16. Information Building Blocks <ul><ul><ul><li>IT : MRP, ERP, EDI </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Technologies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sensor Networks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E-Commerce, E-Markets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E-CRM </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decision Support Software </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standards </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 17. Key Problem in SCM <ul><li>Design a supply chain network </li></ul><ul><li>that delivers high quality </li></ul><ul><li>products to the right customers </li></ul><ul><li>at the right time at minimum cost </li></ul>
  • 18. Foundations of Global SCM This one day workshop will introduce to you the important concepts and issues involved in successful design and operation of supply chain networks
  • 19. What is Coming…. <ul><ul><ul><li>Srinivas Raghavan - Dynamics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dinesh Garg - Planning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mathirajan - Logistics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shyam Bhaskar – Best Practices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kameshwaran – E-Markets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chandrashekar - Procurement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visvanathan - SCM Automation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Narahari Y– What Next? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 20. What Next? Books on SCM: <ul><li>Sunil Chopra and Peter Meindl. Supply Chain Management: Strategy, Planning, and Operation. Pearson Education Asia, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>David Simchi Levi, P. Kaminsky, and Edith Simchi Levi, Designing and Managing the Supply Chain, Irwin-McGrawHill, 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>W.J. Hopp and M.L. Spearman. Factory Physics: Foundations of Manufacturing Management, Irwin-McGrawHill, 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>N. Viswanadham . Analysis and Design of Manufacturing Enterprises, Kluwer, 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>N. Viswanadham and Y. Narahari. Performance Modeling of Automated Manuafacturing Systems, Prentice Hall, 1992 </li></ul>
  • 21. What Next? Papers on SCM <ul><li>Journals such as Interfaces, Operations Research, Management Science, European Journal of Operational Research </li></ul><ul><li>Websites such as www.amrresearch.com </li></ul><ul><li>Our own website: http://lcm.csa.iisc.ernet.in/scm/scm.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://lcm.csa.iisc.ernet.in/workshop/index.html </li></ul>
  • 22. What Next? Contact any of us: <ul><li>Narahari [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Raghavan [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Mathirajan [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Shyam Bhaskar [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Kameshwaran [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Chandrashekar [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Dinesh Garg [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Visvanathan [email_address] </li></ul>
  • 23. What Next? <ul><li>Start working in SCM ….. </li></ul><ul><li>Wish you all the very best …. </li></ul><ul><li>See you again very soon …. </li></ul><ul><li>December 15 th and 16 th , 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>International Workshop on IT Enabled Manufacturing, Logistics, and SCM </li></ul>

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