John Pickles Global Apparel Intro

1,711 views

Published on

apparel fashion garments style project

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,711
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
10
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
37
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

John Pickles Global Apparel Intro

  1. 1. GLOBAL APPAREL/CLOTHING EUROPE: COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVES ON TRADE LIBERALIZATION AND PRODUCTION NETWORKS IN THE NEW EUROPEAN CLOTHING INDUSTRY
  2. 2. Convenors <ul><li>John Pickles (UNC) </li></ul><ul><li>Gary Gereffi (Duke University) </li></ul><ul><li>Meenu Tewari (UNC) </li></ul><ul><li>Adrian Smith (Queen Mary College, University of London) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sponsors <ul><ul><li>Center for Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Center for European Studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EU Center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University Center for International Studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carolina Asia Center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Science Foundation </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Special thanks to… <ul><li>Robert Jenkins (CSEEES) </li></ul><ul><li>Jeremy Pinkham (CSEEES) </li></ul><ul><li>Ruth Mitchell-Pitts (CES) </li></ul><ul><li>Gali Beeri (CES) </li></ul><ul><li>Meredith Clason (CSEEES) </li></ul><ul><li>Niklaus Steiner (UCIS) </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Global Apparel/Clothing Europe </li></ul><ul><li>The Challenge of Outsourcing: How Are We To Think About Industrial and Community Adjustment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I. North Carolina </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>II. The Role of the European Union </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Post-quota/ Post-January 1 2005 Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>International Standards, Company Codes, and Fair Trading Initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Competitive Pressure, Upgrading, and Regional Production Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Global Apparel/Clothing Europe – Lessons </li></ul>
  6. 6. Central and East European Integration into GCCs <ul><li>1980s  Outsourcing to Central/Eastern Europe </li></ul><ul><li>1990s  End of MFA and January 1 2005? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Globalization or/and regionalization? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The role of the EU and ‘state’ regulation? </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial and institutional legacies? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Labor markets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trade unions and labor codes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Managerial skills, contacts, and know-how </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Laws/regulations/institutions </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Does place matter? <ul><li>“We will pay particular attention to the ways in which locally and regionally specific institutions, legacies, and norms make a difference in how the post-socialist European clothing industry is being inserted into pan-European and global production networks.” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Central and East European Apparel
  9. 9. Central and East European Apparel
  10. 10. Global Apparel? <ul><ul><ul><li>“ China will dominate the world” IMF Survey </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ U.S. textile companies have had 10 years to prepare for quota abolition. If they haven’t done so, they can’t come crawling to us for help.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>US official quoted in Financial Times July 2004 [just-style.com 23 August 2004] </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Ending of MFA… January 1 2005 <ul><ul><li>WTO Report The Global Textile and Clothing Industry post the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing August 2004 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ China and India will gain market share in EU, US, and Canada” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Proximity to major markets will be of increasing significance” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Other developing countries are catching up with China in terms of unit labor costs” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That is: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2005-> is about China and India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2005-> is about complex inter-regional shifts in production networks and trade patterns </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Globalization, Delocalization, and Regionalization <ul><ul><li>Delocalization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended production networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>East European economic integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inter-regional shifts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Western Europe  Central Europe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Southeastern Europe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Upgrading, FDI, and new capacities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trans-border triangular trade </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Some conceptual challenges… <ul><li>competition </li></ul><ul><li>upgrading </li></ul><ul><li>regional production/trade regimes </li></ul><ul><li>domestic markets </li></ul><ul><li>diverse economies </li></ul><ul><li>governance lag </li></ul><ul><li>labor movements </li></ul>

×