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Indians spend USD 61.20 billion each year of which:
- Food / beverages : 33.88 billion
- Clothing / footwear : 6.62 billion
- Fuel / power : 6.06 billion
- Transport / Commn. : 5.85 billion
- Others : 8.79 billion
Economic and Commercial Cooperation
Before 1990, trade was conducted based on annual trade protocols and rupee clearing system by state trading organisation.
New Trade Agreement came into effect fro 1 January 1990,providing for trade in convertible currency and mutual extension of MFN status
Both countries are members of WTO
Total trade more than doubled between 1992 and 2003
India’s exports to Poland for period Jan-Aug 2004 amounted to USD 199.64 m (+32.12%) and imports reached USD 58.42 m (+10%) (Source: Central Statistical Office (GUS) of Poland)
However much below actual potential/opportunities
Significant under-reporting of actual exports to Poland
Despite fundamental changes in trade relations, Poland retained its status as India’s largest export market and trading partner in CEE after Russia
Poland can act as supply base for penetrating markets in Ukraine, Belarus, Slovakia and Baltic States
Market needs to be evaluated in the light of emerging opportunities
Where does India stand in Polish market?
India’s share of Polish market remains miniscule
In 2003, India accounted for only 0.33% of Poland’s total imports
And 0.15% of Polish exports
Market share in Polish imports of other countries
Brazil: 0.43% China: 4.3% Turkey: 1.1%
Indonesia: 0.41% Malaysia: 0.5% Thailand: 0.4%
Profile of India’s export basket to Poland is fairly diversified
bulk tea, coffee, unmanufactured tobacco, de-oiled cakes, black pepper, cotton yarn, cotton textiles, made-ups and apparel, jute manufactures, mica and mica products, light engineering products like hand tools and consumer electronics and some machinery items like machine tools and textile machinery
Major imports from Poland have been
equipment for power stations, railway equipment such as wheel sets, rails etc., coal mining machinery, ships and ship engines, machine tools, other capital goods and commodities such as coking coal, sulphur, rapeseed oil, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, ferrous and non-ferrous metals.
Cooperation in the coal sector started in the early 1960s
Supply of mining machinery, equipment and technical know-how
Elektrim delivered machines, equipment and installations for 11 power plants in India (Kaperkheda, Paras, Bhusava and Koradi in Maharashtra; Barauuni and Bokaro in Bihar; Basin in Bridge in Tamil Nadu; Durgapur in West Bengal; Rourkela in Orissa; and the Talcher power plant)
Electrim has additionally supplied a variety of transformers, switchboards and other power transmission equipment and constructed a 75MW power plant in the Kuchch region of Gujarat on a turn-key basis
Poland has been a supplier of railway equipment, particularly wheels, axles and rails, as well as turbines and diesel engines to India.
A number of merchant ships have also been delivered by the Gdansk shipyard
Poland has a large trained pool of IT personnel
Citibank sources software requirements and training programmes from India
Computer Land, a major IT firm in Poland, has tied up with a company in Pune for its training requirements
While major software contracts go to European firms, Indian companies, particularly those doing business with European firms can utilize their contacts to enter this market.
According to Polish Agency for foreign Investments and Information, Euros 15 billion expected to be invested during the next five years in services sector in Poland.
Garments of all kinds for men and women as per normal European specifications
Computer software and hardware
Footwear (leather, casual and sports)
Leather and leather products
Light engineering products and auto components
Electronic, electrical and non-electrical household products (especially those with established brand names)
Chemicals (dyes etc)
Drugs and pharmaceuticals
Data processing machinery and equipment
Travel goods (suitcases, soft bags)
Sports goods and equipment
Watches and clocks
Floor covering and carpets
Bilateral Investments / Joint Ventures
India and Poland are both seeking foreign direct investment and are thus not yet major capital exporting countries
Polish investments in India from 1991 to Nov 2003 amounted to USD 4.19 million, while Indian investments in Poland up to February 2000 amounted to USD 1.12 million (Source: Secretariat for Industrial Assistance, New Delhi)
Indian investments in Poland mainly involve trade offices/warehousing facilities
M/s Ranbaxy Ltd. Has set up a representative office in Poland.
In Poland : There are three Indo-Polish joint ventures
(a) between M/s Escorts and Pol-Mot for import and assembly of tractors in Mragowo, Poland.
(b) TZMO S.A. Manufacturer of hygiene products and Premier Enterprises in Tamil Nadu, India have formed a joint venture company called Bella Premier Hygiene Care Pvt Ltd to produce health care & hygienic products
(c) LNM Holdings has acquired Polska Huta Stali on 5 th March 2004 and renamed it Ispat Polska Stal – capacity to produce 6 million tons of Steel every year.
In India : between Bobkay Engineers Pvt Ltd, Mumbai and Enko SA, Gliwice, Poland for manufacture of high quality electro-magnetic flow meters for food processing industry, especially for dairy sector.