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Fashion, apparel, textile, merchandising, garments

Fashion, apparel, textile, merchandising, garments

Published in: Business, Lifestyle

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  • 1. Body Image Going for the 3 Increases: Increase in Health, Increase in Happiness & Increase in Energy Strategies for Success in Weight Management By: James J. Messina, Ph.D.
  • 2. Is your Body Image bothering you?
    • Are you happy with your body?
    • Positive body image & healthy mental attitude are important for all people to achieve happiness & maintain wellness
  • 3.
    • "To lose confidence in one's body is to lose confidence in one's self ”
    • Simone de Beauvoir
    • "No one can make you feel inferior without your consent."
    • Eleanor Roosevelt.
  • 4. Is your body-image healthy?
    • For next 12 statements, rate degree to which it applies to you. Select only one number for each statement using following ranking:
    • 0    =     Never
    • 1    =     Sometimes
    • 2    =     Often
    • 3    =     Always
    • After rating all statements, total your points to get "Body Image" score
  • 5. Is your body-image healthy?
    • I don’t like looking at myself in mirrors
    • Shopping for clothes makes me weight-focused & is unpleasant
    • I don’t like to be looked at in public
    • I avoid participating in sports or outside exercise because of my appearance
  • 6. Is your body-image healthy?
    • I feel ashamed of my body in the presence of a special person
    • I don’t like my body
    • I feel that other people must think my body is ugly
    • I feel that friends and family are embarrassed to be seen with me
  • 7. Is your body-image healthy?
    • I compare my body to others to see if they are heavier than I am
    • Enjoying activities is difficult because I am self-conscious about my appearance
    • I am preoccupied with feeling guilty about my weight
    • I have negative & critical thoughts about my body & appearance
  • 8. Is your body-image healthy?
    • Your final score may suggest the following:
    • 0 - 7               Great attitude/Keep it up !
    • 8 - 14             Slightly dissatisfied
    • 15 - 21           Moderately dissatisfied
    • 22 - 28           Very dissatisfied
    • 29 - 36           Extremely dissatisfied
  • 9. What is body image disturbance
    • Many engage in disordered eating when experiencing body image dissatisfaction
    • Disordered eating behaviors can include skipping meals, crash dieting, fasting for short or long periods of time, bingeing & purging
    • The physical, mental & psychological effects of disordered eating vary depending upon the duration & severity of the negative eating pattern
  • 10. Magnitude of Body Image Problems
    • Body dissatisfaction is increasing at a faster rate than ever before among both men and women
    • 89% of the 3,452 female respondents wanted to lose weight.
    • Garner (1997, January/February). The 1997 body image survey results. Psychology Today , pp. 31- 44, 75-84.
  • 11. Magnitude of Body Image Problems
    • Thinness has not only come to represent attractiveness, but also has come to symbolize success, self-control & higher socioeconomic status
    • Marketdata Enterprises, Inc. estimated the size of the weight loss industry for 1994 at $32,680 billion
  • 12. Magnitude of Body Image Problems
    • Body image dissatisfaction & eating disorders are more prevalent among females than males -which is apparent in that over 90% of patients with anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa are women
    • Anderson & DiDomenico (1992). Diet vs. shape content of popular male and female magazines: A dose-response relationship to the incidence of eating disorders? International Journal of Eating Disorders, 11 (3), 283-287.
  • 13. Magnitude of Body Image Problems
    • Dieting to deal with poor body image has been powerful contributor to dysphoria because of failure often associated - 95-98% of all dieters regain their weight
    • Heatherton & Polivy (1992)Chronic dieting and eating disorders: A spiral model. In Crowther, Tennenbaum, Hobfold, & Parris The etiology of bulimia nervosa: The individual and familial context. Washington, DC: Hemisphere.
  • 14. People with body image problems at risk for disordered eating
    • Women
    • High-achievers
    • Have other compulsive behaviors
    • Are in occupations, in living situations, or who participate in activities where there is a focus on appearance
    • Are depressed
  • 15. People with body image problems at risk for disordered eating
    • Have a relative with an eating disorder
    • Come from dysfunctional families
    • Are survivors of sexual abuse
    • Children of alcoholic parents
    • Survivors of sexual assault
    • Athletes
  • 16. Are you a disordered eater?
    • Does your bathroom scale set the tone for your whole day?
    • Do you avoid mirrors or any reflections of yourself?
    • Is your worth determined by your appearance?
    • Do you worry about gaining weight?
    • Do you avoid foods?
    • Do you feel guilty after eating?
  • 17. Are you a disordered eater?
    • Do you obsess about some particular body feature?
    • Do you wish that you can shape your body/looks in any way you want?
    • Do you exercise at a high intensity level over an hour a day?
    • Do you exercise to justify your eating?
    • Do you use laxatives or diuretics as a way to control your weight?
  • 18. Sources of Body Image concerns
    • 400-600 advertisements bombard us everyday in magazines, on billboards, on tv, and in newspapers
    • One in eleven has a direct message about beauty, not even counting the indirect messages
    • These messages on beauty demean, objectify, demoralize, or sexualize images about women
  • 19. Sources of Body Image concerns
    • Parental messages about body image and teasing by others (e.g. peers and/or family) have been correlated with body image dissatisfaction and eating disorder symptoms.
    • Thus parental and peer messages about one's body shape or weight seem to influence body image dissatisfaction (Thelen & Cormier, 1995).
  • 20. Sources of Body Image concerns
    • Mothers whose daughters were eating disordered were themselves more eating disordered & thought that their daughters should lose more weight than the mothers of the non-eating disordered girls.
    • Pike & Rodin (1991). Mothers, daughters, and disordered eating. Journal of Abnormal Psychology , 100 (2), 198-204.
  • 21. Sources of Body Image concerns
    • Mothers' and fathers' reported encouragement of their daughters to lose weight was positively correlated with the daughter's body weight, desire to be thinner, and dieting efforts
    • Thelen & Cormier (1995). Desire to be thinner and weight control among children and their parents. Behavior Therapy, 26 , 85-99.
  • 22. Things you can do to change your Body Image
    • Stop talking about your weight
    • Make a list of women you admire
    • Question the motives of the fashion industry
    • Stop weighing yourself so much!
    • Concentrate on things you do well
  • 23. Things you can do to change your Body Image
    • Do physical things for fun
    • Value your dollars & do not spend with poor image portrayers
    • Voice your opinion against poor body image messages
    • Be a role model of positive image
    • Break the barriers
  • 24. Final tips to improve body image
    • Get rid of clothes that don't fit. Don't buy clothing that you hope will fit you "someday."
    • Remember that you are made of a personality and a body. Remind yourself of your positive qualities, not your size.
    • Try to wean yourself off of your scale and a daily weigh-in. Weight doesn't have to dictate how you feel about yourself each day.
    • Try to be less critical of your weight. Look at your body non-judgmentally.