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  • Before I get started, I wanted to first introduce my wonderful Verde Ventures Team and recognize them for all their hard work since joining me in the fall of last year: Adriana Madrigal and Deborah Aragao- if you would please stand so people know who to talk to when they have funding requests! Now that you see who we are.. Let’s move on to what we are..

Abc Gpresentation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Addressing the Challenges to Investing in Conservation SMEs in Africa ABCG Meeting March 22 nd 2005
  • 2. Verde Ventures Approach
    • Corridors
    • Economic Incentives
    • Small Businesses as Conservation Partners
    • Chronic Lack of Capital
  • 3. Verde Ventures Overview
    • $6.75 million and growing.
    • Capitalized as debt by the IFC/GEF, Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) and Starbucks.
    • Investment Goals: Biodiversity conservation, conservation-oriented job-creation and cost recovery.
    • Invest in CI’s global priority areas.
  • 4. Verde Ventures Overview
    • Use of Funds: Infrastructure, working capital, trade finance etc.
    • Instruments : Primarily Subordinated Debt
    • Investment Size : $30,000 to $500,000
    • Sectors: Agro-forestry/NTFPs (84%), Eco-tourism (12%) and Others (4%)
    • Geography: Latin America (60%), Asia (30%), Africa (10%)
  • 5. Verde Ventures Results
    • 100% on-time repayment ($2 million)
    • $3.9 million invested in 15 projects
    • Improving land use in 600,000 hectares containing over 95 Red-listed species
    • Supporting enterprises employing over 9,000 local people in 7 countries
    • Leveraged co-financing of over $2 million in external funding
  • 6. Program Expansion
    • New partnership with UNDP’s Equator Initiative: Equator Ventures
    • Enterprise Development Services to ensure “bankability” of conservation-SMES.
    • Maximizing Core Competencies:
      • CI- Project Selection/monitoring
      • UNDP-BDS and Extensive Networks
  • 7. Day Chocolate Company
      • UK based fair-trade chocolate company supporting CI- partner in Ghana.
      • Financing for working capital to purchase cocoa from Ghanaian cooperative.
      • $250,000, 5 year loan plus equity kicker for 3% of the company (Jan, 2002).
      • Initially we had wanted to invest direct in the cooperative (Kuapa Kokoo), but CURRENCY instability prevented this.
  • 8. Wildlife Works Kenya
      • Apparel manufacturer providing local employment in exchange for conservation commitment from community.
      • $150,000 4 year loan with fixed interest plus % of sales (March, 2005).
      • Secured by local collateral plus a guarantee from US-based parent company.
      • Initial plan was to invest $500,000, but investment committee felt the business model was too risky and financial systems insufficient-CAPACITY.
  • 9. VV Investments In Africa
    • Only 2 investments to date- One off-shore
    • Why? The 6 C’s….
    • CURRENCY
    • CAPACITY
    • COST
    • COLLATERAL
    • CO-INVESTORS
    • COMMUNICATIONS
  • 10. Addressing the Challenges
    • CURRENCY :
      • Invest in companies with revenue in hard currency
      • Set aside $ to cover for exchange risk
    • CAPACITY :
      • UNDP Partnership and use of BDS providers such as TechnoServe and hopefully others.
    • COST :
      • Use BDS providers and grant funds to defray costs- We have a developmental agenda.
  • 11. Addressing the Challenges
    • COLLATERAL :
      • Guarantee Facility to help cover risk.
    • CO-INVESTORS :
      • Regional/development bank engagement
      • Pilot investments
      • Risk Incentives and information provided on conservation SME market (IFC’s EBFP)
    • COMMUNICATIONS :
      • Expand networks, direct outreach through donors, BDS providers, other ideas?
  • 12. Conclusion
    • Conservation SMEs in Africa have similar challenges of other continents.
    • However, the lack of investments in conservation SMEs is worse in most of Africa than in other regions.
    • Need for incentive mechanisms and guarantee facilities as well as grant-based conservation SME capacity building funds.
    • Commercial banks and MFIs operating in Africa need to know more about conservation SME markets and if demand, develop appropriate financial products.