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Living Labs and Regional Smart Specialisation

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A speech delivered in Kielce, Pland, on June 27, 2013

A speech delivered in Kielce, Pland, on June 27, 2013

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  • 1. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Living Labs & Regional Smart Specialisation Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it Kielce, PL - 27-06-2013
  • 2. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Outline • Glossary – What do we mean by Living Labs? • Good Practice Examples – What does the term “Regional Smart Specialisation” refer to? • What role can Living Labs play in a Regional Smart Specialisation Strategy? – Examples – Conclusions and Way Forward in CEE Countries 2
  • 3. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Living Lab • Four meanings – A User driven, Open Innovation Methodology in Real Life Environments for Product, Service (and we may add, Policy) Innovation  The LL approach – A physical location where this Methodology is being experimented  LL environment – A project wherein this experimentation is framed and takes place  LL trial or pilot – A (real or virtual) organization based on a public private people partnership that adopts the LL approach in a given environment and for a specific pilot experimentation  LL as such 3
  • 4. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Antecedents 4 William J. (Bill) Mitchell (2010) http://web.media. mit.edu/~wjm/ Eric Von Hippel http://web.mit.edu/ evhippel/www/ Henry Chesbrough http://facultybio.ha as.berkeley.edu/fac ulty- list/chesbrough- henry http://betalabs.nokia.com/ https://www.collaborationjam.com/ http://openlivinglabs.eu/ Don Tapscott http://dontapscott. com/
  • 5. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Key Elements (1) 5
  • 6. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Key Elements (2) 6
  • 7. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu ENoLL Membership 7
  • 8. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Consequences (1) 8
  • 9. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Consequences (2) 9 R. Tuffs, ERRIN
  • 10. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Consequences (3) 10 C. Saublens, EURADA
  • 11. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Consequences (4) 11 Source: DRAFT Partnership Agreement Italy-EC 2014-2020, April 2013
  • 12. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Living Lab • Three possible roles – Vertical tool for promoting user driven RDI in a given sector (such as e.g. eHealth, Domotics, or eInclusion), thus attracting investments and talents (or simply tourists) into a region and contributing to the actualisation of Smart Specialisation in the territory; – “Orchestration” agent between individual users and the other PPPP (or Quadruple Helix) stakeholders. Therefore, playing a more encompassing and systemic role in structuring and providing meaning to user engagement in RDI processes within the broader context of territorial innovation policy; – Territorial innovation or “Smart Region” model, including guidelines for a proactive behaviour of public administration, grounded on a successful ‘mixture’ of technological, social and organisational RDI activities, to valorise local intellectual capital and increase knowledge for development. 12
  • 13. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Living Lab • Examples – Vertical tool for promoting user driven RDI in a given sector The thematic pilots of CENTRALAB ALCOTRA Innovation projects – “Orchestration” agent between individual users and the other PPPP (or Quadruple Helix) stakeholders PARTERRE project TLL Sicily (followed by other Territorial Living Labs) – Territorial innovation or “Smart Region” model, including guidelines for a proactive behaviour of public administration Apulian ICT Living Labs 13
  • 14. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu CENTRALAB Pilots 14
  • 15. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu ALCOTRA Innovation 15 P. Capello, http://www.alcotra-innovation.eu
  • 16. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu TLL Sicily 16 J. Marsh, http://tll-sicily.ning.com
  • 17. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu PARTERRE Project 17 www.parterre-project.eu
  • 18. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Apulian ICT Living Labs 18 M. Di Ciano, http://livinglabs.regione.puglia.it
  • 19. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu 19 Framework conditions Physical/Virtual Infrastructure Human Capital Natural Resources Etc. Regional development Sustainable Growth Social Inclusion Policy instruments Smart Specialisation Strategy EU Funding of RD and Innovation Living Labs? Conclusion
  • 20. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu EU Regions 2014-2020 20 Source: DG Regio
  • 21. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu New Cohesion Policy 21 • Thematic concentration • Focused on Europe 2020 objectives • Critical mass of interventions • Avoid excessive dispersion of funding • Strategic programming • Common Strategic Framework • Common rules for joint management of funds • Partnership Agreements between EC and Member States • Performance orientation • Extensive use of ex-ante conditionality • “Smart Specialisation” Strategy • Increased emphasis on result indicators http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/what/future/proposals_2014_2020_en.cfm
  • 22. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Inward-looking • Focus policy support and public investments on key national/regional priorities, challenges and needs for development • Build interventions on the country's/region’s strengths, competitive advantages and potential for excellence • Support technological innovation as well as practice-based (e.g. ecological and organisational) innovation • Get local stakeholders fully involved and encourage private sector investment and pilot experimentation • Develop evidence-based policies with sound monitoring and evaluation systems. Outward-looking • Search integration and coordination of the nation’s / region’s potential for excellence and comparative advantage within the international division of work • Prioritize interventions on the country’s / region’s most connected industries, so that they are best enabled to learn from the outside world • Promote technological diversification of existing local industries in related and emerging domains • Align human capital endowments and qualifications to the current and prospective needs of the key enterprise sector(s) • Enhance the framework conditions for greater business expenditure in RD and (open, social) innovation 22 The S3 concept
  • 23. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu 23 Hypothetical structure P. Godin, DG REGIO
  • 24. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu 24 S3 Platform
  • 25. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu What kind of synergies? 25 Strategic level Adopting and promotingall forms of Innovation as transversal to Technological Development (RIS3 Sicily, 2013) Testing the potential of cross-border Living Labs for the extension of vertical value chains (Alcotra Innovation project, 2011-2013) Leveraging pre-commercial procurement for the solution of “real” societal challenges and “wicked” problems (MISE/MIUR, 2013) Operational level Supporting the process of entrepreneurial discovery in a rural territory (Urdaibai Bird Center, 2013) Integrating stakeholders’ views in a “shared” RIS3 construction process (PARTERRE Project, 2012) Localising the pilot phase of pre-commercial procurement in and within the local territory (ValléeD’Aoste, 2012-2013) (…a non exhaustive list…)
  • 26. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Loci of Innovation 26 J. Marsh, RIS3 Sicily
  • 27. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Stages of Development 27 J. Marsh, RIS3 Sicily
  • 28. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Cross-border Living Labs 28 www.alcotra-innovation.eu
  • 29. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Why go cross-border? 29 www.alcotra-innovation.eu 1. To realise a « Smart Specialisation » process at regional level 2. To attain a « critical mass » of population and demand on the marketplace 3. To integrate the respective economic and social systems at the two sides of the border 4. To exchange best practice on development policy 5. To develop pan-European products and services
  • 30. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu The MISE/MIUR Call for EoI 30 http://attiministeriali.miur.it/anno-2013/marzo/di-13032013.aspx
  • 31. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Urdaibai Bird Center 31 http://www.scribd.com/doc/131605322/Working-paper-by-ENoLL-member-GAIA-Bird-Living- Lab
  • 32. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu PARTERRE Project 32 Analysis Governance VisionSelection Policy mix Monitoring www.parterre-project.eu
  • 33. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu PCP in ValléeD’Aoste 33 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/gpp/pdf/news_alert/Issue24_Case_Study54_Valle%20D%27Aosta%20Region_Energy_Mobility.pdf
  • 34. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Conclusions • The Territorial Living Lab Model does have potential for policy, not only product/service, innovation • Complementarities are evident with the RIS3 process and should be taken seriously • More evidence is required, as well as embedment (institutionalisation) of success stories in the normal practice of public administration • However what we have gained so far is unequivocal and convergent 34
  • 35. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu What about CEE Countries? • Too little capitalisation of CENTRALAB so far – Recent experiences, still ongoing (esp. at cross border level) – Risk of effort duplication, limited impact – But the LEADERS approach is here to stay • The NeSTI initiative (Budapest Manifesto) has good potential and should be further disseminated in Europe • Ongoing RIS3 efforts in CEE are promising “lead markets” for LL-driven policy innovation: – With RDI as the guiding principle, but also improving democratic governance – Capturing the potential of increasing civic participation together with Future Internet – Re-framing the role of the public sector in a demand-driven and needs oriented perspective 35
  • 36. This project is implementedthrough the CENTRAL EUROPE Programme co-financed by the ERDF www.centralivinglab.eu Thanks for your kind attention Francesco Molinari, mail@francescomolinari.it

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