CABERNET FRANC FROM THE LOIRE VALLEY &FINGER LAKES: A COMPARATIVE TASTING
THE LOIRE VALLEY: THE GARDEN OF FRANCE
BOURGEUIL&CHINON: MEDIEVAL GREATNESS
CHATEAU D’AZAY-LE-RIDEAU: GUARDING CHINON
BOURGEUIL&CHINON : ROLLING HILLSIDE VINES
BOURGEUIL&CHINON : ROLLING HILLSIDE VINES
WHERE IS THE LOIRE VALLEY?
LOIRE VALLEY SUB-REGIONS
GRAPES OF THE LOIRE VALLEY
CHINON, BOURGEUIL&ST-NICOLAS DE BOURGEUIL
LOIRE VALLEY FACTS & HISTORY• Considered The Garden of France for its agriculturalrichness: 185,000 vineyard acres• France...
FOCUS ON TOURAINE• TOURAINE: the greatest red wine region of the Loire,focus on Cabernet Franc (a.k.a. Breton)• REDS: Chin...
FOCUS ON TOURAINE• TOURAINE: Latitude 47.25° (FLX is 42.76°)• Touraine is 300 feet above Sea Level (FLX over 400 feet)• An...
TOURAINE TERROIR
TOURAINE TERROIR• SOIL: Tuffeau, Clay, Varennes• TUFFEAU: marine sedimentary rock (fossilized sea life &sand), common on t...
CABERNET FRANC TASTING BREAK-DOWNLOIRE VALLEY - 6 WINES#1 - FREDERIC MABILEAU LES ROUILLÈRESST-NICOLAS DE BOURGEUIL 2009#2...
#1 - FREDERIC MABILEAU LES ROUILLÈRESST-NICOLAS DE BOURGEUIL 2009• Sand & Gravel Varennes Soil• 35-year-old Cabernet Franc...
#2 - CATHERINE & PIERRE BRETON BOURGEUIL CLOS SÉNÉCHAL 2010• Husband & Wife Team, founded 1982• Organic since 1991, introd...
#3 - PHILIPPE ALLIET CHINON VIEILLES VIGNES 2010• Took over family domaine in 1978• Inspired by great reds of Bordeaux &Bu...
#4 - CHARLES JOGUET CHINON CUVÉE DE LA CURE 2009• Domaine founded 1957• Charles realized the specificity of thevarious ter...
#6 - OLGA RAFFAULT CHINON LES PICASSES 2007 & 2002• Domaine is 4 generations old, Olga’sgranddaughter Sylvie currently run...
#1 - RED NEWT CELLARS CABERNET FRANC 2010• For red varietals, a focus on CabernetFranc• 10% Whole-Cluster Fermentation inS...
#2 - FOX RUN CABERNET FRANC 2010• Cabernet Franc from Blocks 6 & 8, SenecaLake West Side• Harvested October 2nd& 18th, 21....
#3 - DAMIANI CABERNET FRANC RESERVE 2010• 4-barrel selection of Cabernet Franc, fruitfrom the Damiani Vineyard (Seneca Lak...
#4 - BLOOMER CREEK CABERNET FRANC 2007• Cabernet Franc from Ovid: MorehouseRoad Vineyard (15 year old vines) &AutenVineyar...
CABERNET FRANC TASTING BREAK-DOWNLOIRE VALLEY - 6 WINES#1 - FREDERIC MABILEAU LES ROUILLÈRESST-NICOLAS DE BOURGEUIL 2009#2...
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Cabernet Franc from the Loire Valley & Finger Lakes: A Comparative Tasting

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Cabernet Franc from the Loire Valley & Finger Lakes: A Comparative Tasting hosted by Thomas Pastuszak. April 22, 2013 at Red Newt Cellars. Finger Lakes Wine Alliance.

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Cabernet Franc from the Loire Valley & Finger Lakes: A Comparative Tasting

  1. 1. CABERNET FRANC FROM THE LOIRE VALLEY &FINGER LAKES: A COMPARATIVE TASTING
  2. 2. THE LOIRE VALLEY: THE GARDEN OF FRANCE
  3. 3. BOURGEUIL&CHINON: MEDIEVAL GREATNESS
  4. 4. CHATEAU D’AZAY-LE-RIDEAU: GUARDING CHINON
  5. 5. BOURGEUIL&CHINON : ROLLING HILLSIDE VINES
  6. 6. BOURGEUIL&CHINON : ROLLING HILLSIDE VINES
  7. 7. WHERE IS THE LOIRE VALLEY?
  8. 8. LOIRE VALLEY SUB-REGIONS
  9. 9. GRAPES OF THE LOIRE VALLEY
  10. 10. CHINON, BOURGEUIL&ST-NICOLAS DE BOURGEUIL
  11. 11. LOIRE VALLEY FACTS & HISTORY• Considered The Garden of France for its agriculturalrichness: 185,000 vineyard acres• France’s longest river (600 miles+), headwaters in theMassif Central to its mouth on the Atlantic Coast• Viticulture dates back to the 1st Century AD• During the Middle Ages, wines of the Loire Valley weremore highly-regarded than those of Bordeaux orBurgundy• In the late-19th Century, the region was crippled byPhylloxera& the Industrial Revolution• Today, there is an incredible diversity of red, white,dessert & sparkling wine styles
  12. 12. FOCUS ON TOURAINE• TOURAINE: the greatest red wine region of the Loire,focus on Cabernet Franc (a.k.a. Breton)• REDS: Chinon, Bourgeuil, St-Nicolas de Bourgeuil• WHITES: Vouvray, Cheverny, Montlouis-sur-Loire• Viticulture dates back to the 1st Century AD• During the Middle Ages, wines of the Loire Valley weremore highly-regarded than those of Bordeaux orBurgundy• In the late-19th Century, the region was crippled byPhylloxera& the Industrial Revolution• Today, there is incredible diversity of red, white &sparkling wine styles
  13. 13. FOCUS ON TOURAINE• TOURAINE: Latitude 47.25° (FLX is 42.76°)• Touraine is 300 feet above Sea Level (FLX over 400 feet)• Annual Rainfall: 27 inches (FLX is closer to 40 inches)• July Mean Temperature: 67° Fahrenheit (similar to FLX)• Loire River serves to temper the continental climate• Chief Viticultural Hazards: Under-ripeness & FungalDisease• Cabernet Franc: red & dark fruit characteristics (thoughmore in the “Pinot” spectrum), herbal tones, brightacidity & firm tannins
  14. 14. TOURAINE TERROIR
  15. 15. TOURAINE TERROIR• SOIL: Tuffeau, Clay, Varennes• TUFFEAU: marine sedimentary rock (fossilized sea life &sand), common on the limestone south-facing slopes,typically the most promising for deep/age-worthy wines• VARENNES:sandy, alluvial soil closest to the banks of theVienne River• CHINON & BOURGEUIL – division betweenTuffeau&Varennes soil types• ST-NICOLAS DE BOURGEUIL – primarily Varennes (lendinga lighter/brighter character to the wines overall)
  16. 16. CABERNET FRANC TASTING BREAK-DOWNLOIRE VALLEY - 6 WINES#1 - FREDERIC MABILEAU LES ROUILLÈRESST-NICOLAS DE BOURGEUIL 2009#2 - CATHERINE & PIERRE BRETON BOURGEUILCLOS SÉNÉCHAL 2010#3 - PHILIPPE ALLIET CHINONVIEILLES VIGNES 2010#4 - CHARLES JOGUET CHINONCUVÉE DE LA CURE 2009#5 - OLGA RAFFAULT CHINONLES PICASSES 2007#6 - OLGA RAFFAULT CHINONLES PICASSES 2002FINGER LAKES - 4WINES#1 - RED NEWT CELLARS CABERNET FRANC 2010#2 - FOX RUN CABERNET FRANC 2010#3 - DAMIANI CABERNET FRANC RESERVE 2010#4 - BLOOMER CREEK CABERNET FRANC 2007
  17. 17. #1 - FREDERIC MABILEAU LES ROUILLÈRESST-NICOLAS DE BOURGEUIL 2009• Sand & Gravel Varennes Soil• 35-year-old Cabernet Franc vines, nearly70 acres under vine, founded 1991• Yield: approx. 2.5 tons/acre, manualharvesting• Les Rouillèresis his original 50 acre site• Converting to organics since 2007• Cold maceration (10 days) in stainlesssteel, pumping-over (no punching-down),bottled in the spring following harvest,seeking a decidedly fresh/bright style• 2009 Vintage – a generous, warm & longvintage for the Loire Valley, great ripeness• $20 RETAIL
  18. 18. #2 - CATHERINE & PIERRE BRETON BOURGEUIL CLOS SÉNÉCHAL 2010• Husband & Wife Team, founded 1982• Organic since 1991, introducingbiodynamic practices since 1994• Nearly 30 acres under vine (including atouch of Chenin Blanc), produce 6,700cs• ClosSénéchal – parcel of Clay soil overTuffeau, one of their top 2 wines, 40 yearold Cabernet Franc, 3-acre site• Maceration in open wood vats,fermentation & aging in old foudres,bottled without fining/filtering after 18months, little to no sulfites added• 2010 Vintage – warm, dry & consistent,great ripeness like 2009, though a bitmore acidity/freshness retained• $30 RETAIL
  19. 19. #3 - PHILIPPE ALLIET CHINON VIEILLES VIGNES 2010• Took over family domaine in 1978• Inspired by great reds of Bordeaux &Burgundy, seeking “cleaner” style• Practicing lutteraisonnée (“reasonedstruggle”); no chemical treatments• 60 year old Cabernet Franc Vines, from agravel/sand-rich Varennessite, 2 tons/acre• Manual harvest, 100% destemmed,cement tank vinification for 3-4 weeks• 18 months’ aging in 5 year old barrelsbought from Chateau Latour&Margaux• $30 RETAIL
  20. 20. #4 - CHARLES JOGUET CHINON CUVÉE DE LA CURE 2009• Domaine founded 1957• Charles realized the specificity of thevarious terroirs his family owned andpioneered single-vineyard bottlings inChinon, inspired by the Crus of Burgundy• Practicing lutteraisonnée (“reasonedstruggle”); no chemical treatments• 35 year old Cabernet Franc Vines, from agravel/clay-rich 5-acre site• Manual harvest, 100% de-stemmed, 5-daycold maceration, 15-day ferment• Malolactic fermentation followed by 12months’ aging in 4-year old barrels• $25 RETAIL
  21. 21. #6 - OLGA RAFFAULT CHINON LES PICASSES 2007 & 2002• Domaine is 4 generations old, Olga’sgranddaughter Sylvie currently runs it• Exceptional terroirs, in particular the 50-year old Les Picasses Cabernet Francvineyard, planted on a site of alluvial claywith Tuffeau base• Practicing lutteraisonnée (“reasonedstruggle”); no chemical treatments• Manual harvest, 25-30maceration/fermentation in stainless steel,followed by 2-3 years’ aging in older oakbarrels• 2007 Vintage: somewhat inconsistent, coolsummer, warm September - $25 RETAIL• 2002 Vintage: warm/generous vintageoverall, above-average - $30 RETAIL
  22. 22. #1 - RED NEWT CELLARS CABERNET FRANC 2010• For red varietals, a focus on CabernetFranc• 10% Whole-Cluster Fermentation inStainless Steel• Producing several single-vineyardexpressions, as well as this non-reserveCabernet Franc• Punch-downs by hand, aging in new &older American Oak barrels• 600 cases produced• Smaller production of Single-Vineyard CabFrancs• $20 RETAIL
  23. 23. #2 - FOX RUN CABERNET FRANC 2010• Cabernet Franc from Blocks 6 & 8, SenecaLake West Side• Harvested October 2nd& 18th, 21.8-22.7Brix• Machine-harvest, crushed into open-topsteel fermenters• Mixture of French & American Oak barrelsaging for 15 months (bottled June 2011)• 200 cases produced• $20 RETAIL
  24. 24. #3 - DAMIANI CABERNET FRANC RESERVE 2010• 4-barrel selection of Cabernet Franc, fruitfrom the Damiani Vineyard (Seneca Lake,East Side)• Harvested at 25.4 Brix• Aged in 20% New American Oak for 3months• Followed by 80% 1yr Old French Oakbarrels (total cellaring 9 months)• $40 RETAIL
  25. 25. #4 - BLOOMER CREEK CABERNET FRANC 2007• Cabernet Franc from Ovid: MorehouseRoad Vineyard (15 year old vines) &AutenVineyard (20 year old vines)• Some spontaneous fermentation, someinduced fermentation, all open-top; 1-2week macerations (partial stem inclusion)• Mixture of barrels, mainly French oak,aging until July 2008• Bottled with no stirring or racking, lightfiltration• $20 RETAIL
  26. 26. CABERNET FRANC TASTING BREAK-DOWNLOIRE VALLEY - 6 WINES#1 - FREDERIC MABILEAU LES ROUILLÈRESST-NICOLAS DE BOURGEUIL 2009#2 - CATHERINE & PIERRE BRETON BOURGEUILCLOS SÉNÉCHAL 2010#3 - PHILIPPE ALLIET CHINONVIEILLES VIGNES 2010#4 - CHARLES JOGUET CHINONCUVÉE DE LA CURE 2009#5 - OLGA RAFFAULT CHINONLES PICASSES 2007#6 - OLGA RAFFAULT CHINONLES PICASSES 2002FINGER LAKES - 4WINES#1 - RED NEWT CELLARS CABERNET FRANC 2010#2 - FOX RUN CABERNET FRANC 2010#3 - DAMIANI CABERNET FRANC RESERVE 2010#4 - BLOOMER CREEK CABERNET FRANC 2007

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