Oregon, WA NY Oct27

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Oregon, WA NY Oct27
Professor Yannatis

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Oregon, WA NY Oct27

  1. 1. Oregon <ul><li>4th largest wine producing state in US </li></ul><ul><li>Number of Wineries in 2006 = 350 </li></ul><ul><li>Number of AVAs = 16 + sub-appellations </li></ul><ul><li>Leader in sustainable viticulture: </li></ul><ul><li>23% of Oregon vineyards are Certified Sustainable, Certified Organic or Demeter Certified Biodynamic </li></ul>
  2. 2. The Oregon-Burgundy Connection <ul><li>Climate similarities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>same rainfall level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>warm summer days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>evening winds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cool nights </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Both fall in Region I = lowest &quot;Degree Days&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Oregon's Willamette Valley is located on the same latitude as Burgundy </li></ul>
  3. 3. Recommended varietals to grow in each region based on Heat Summation method (Degree Days) Region I: Below 2,500 degree days (COOLEST) Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Gewurztraminer, Riesling > Burgundy, Bordeaux, Alsace & Champagne Region II: 2,500-3,000 degree days Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Grigio > Rhône Valley, Northern Italy Region III: 3,000-3,500 degree days Zinfandel, Syrah, Grenache, Gamay, Sangiovese > Southern Italy, Southern France, Greece
  4. 6. OREGON AVAs (2007) <ul><li>Columbia Valley - 1984 </li></ul><ul><li>Umpqua Valley - 1984 </li></ul><ul><li>Walla Walla Valley - 1984 </li></ul><ul><li>Willamette Valley - 1984 </li></ul><ul><li>Rogue Valley - 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Applegate Valley - 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Columbia Gorge - 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Dundee Hills - 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Yamhill-Carlton District -2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Oregon - 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>McMinnville – 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Ribbon Ridge – 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Red Hill Douglas County – 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Eola-Amity Hills - 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Chehalem Mountains – 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Snake River Valley – 2007 </li></ul>
  5. 7. Top 5 grape varieties grown in Oregon (2006 statistics) <ul><li>Pinot noir* </li></ul><ul><li>Pinot Gris* = same as Pinot Grigio </li></ul><ul><li>Chardonnay </li></ul><ul><li>Riesling </li></ul><ul><li>Merlot </li></ul>
  6. 10. Washington State <ul><li>3rd largest wine producing state in US </li></ul><ul><li>Over 500 wineries </li></ul><ul><li>9 AVAs with sub-appellations </li></ul>
  7. 11. Washington State has 9 AVAs (2006) <ul><li>YAKIMA VALLEY - established 1983 </li></ul><ul><li>WALLA WALLA VALLEY - established 1984 </li></ul><ul><li>COLUMBIA VALLEY - established 1984 = Washington's largest AVA </li></ul><ul><li>PUGET SOUND - established 1995 </li></ul><ul><li>RED MOUNTAIN - established in 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>COLUMBIA GORGE - established in 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>HORSE HEAVEN HILLS - established in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>WAHLUKE SLOPE - established in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>RATTLESNAKE HILLS - established in 2006 </li></ul>
  8. 13. Most common grape varieties grown in Washington State <ul><li>RED </li></ul><ul><li>Cabernet Sauvignon </li></ul><ul><li>Merlot </li></ul><ul><li>Syrah </li></ul><ul><li>Cabernet Franc </li></ul><ul><li>WHITE </li></ul><ul><li>Chardonnay </li></ul><ul><li>Riesling </li></ul><ul><li>Sauvignon Blanc </li></ul><ul><li>Gewürztraminer </li></ul><ul><li>Pinot Gris* </li></ul>
  9. 15. New York State 2nd largest wine producing state in US <ul><li>AVAs </li></ul><ul><li>Cayuga Lake </li></ul><ul><li>Chautaqua </li></ul><ul><li>Finger Lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Hamptons Long Island </li></ul><ul><li>Hudson River Region </li></ul><ul><li>Niagara Escarpment </li></ul><ul><li>North Fork of Long Island </li></ul><ul><li>Lake Erie </li></ul><ul><li>Long Island </li></ul><ul><li>Seneca Lake </li></ul>
  10. 16. New York State <ul><li>83% of New York's grape area is planted to Vitis Labrusca varieties: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concord Aurora </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Catawba Baco Noir </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Delaware DeChaunac </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Niagara Seyval Blanc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elvira Cayuga </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ives Isabella </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vidal Vignoles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Vitis Vinifera = less than 20% of the wines produced in New York: </li></ul><ul><li>Riesling, Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Pinot Noir </li></ul>
  11. 18. Top 10 Wine Producing States (2006) <ul><li>1 California </li></ul><ul><li>2 New York </li></ul><ul><li>3 Washington </li></ul><ul><li>4 Oregon </li></ul><ul><li>5 Florida </li></ul><ul><li>6 New Jersey </li></ul><ul><li>7 Kentucky </li></ul><ul><li>8 Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>9 Texas </li></ul><ul><li>10 Michigan </li></ul>
  12. 19. US Wine Facts <ul><li>USA represents about 10% of world wine production </li></ul><ul><li>(4th after Italy, France and Spain) </li></ul><ul><li>USA is 3rd in wine consumption but only 60th in per capita consumption </li></ul><ul><li>There are almost 5,000 wineries in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Wineries are located in all fifty states </li></ul>
  13. 22. Wine: ________________________________________________ Price: _________ 1 = dislike _______ 2 = like _______ 3 = love ______ Description of Nose/Aroma _________________________________________________________________ Aroma intensity: barely perceptible_____ expressive ______concentrated/complex _____ On the Palate ACIDS soft _____ crisp _____ high/strong ______ TANNINS soft _____ medium ______ intense ______ SWEETNESS needs more ____ just right _____ noticeable _____ cloying/sticky______ OAK PRESENCE none _____ light _____ medium ______ heavy ______ BODY/WEIGHT light _____ medium _____ full ____ FINISH/PERSISTENCE ______ short ______ medium _______ lengthy Purchasing criteria Do not buy at any price_______ Buy only if &quot;priced right&quot;______ Buy at current price______ Buy a case! Great price/value ratio______ Buy for special occasions______ Buy only as collector/showcase item _______
  14. 24. Typical Pinot Noir Aromas & Flavors Cherry, strawberry, raspberry, ripe tomato Mushroom, earthy, barnyard, truffle, leather, meaty Violet, rose petal, lavender Oak,vanilla, coconut, sweet wood, cedar, cigar box Rosemary, cinnamon, caraway, peppermint Smoke, toast, tar, licorice Herbal, rhubarb, oregano, green tomato, black olive
  15. 25. Wine: ________________________________________________ Price: _________ 1 = dislike _______ 2 = like _______ 3 = love ______ Description of Nose/Aroma _________________________________________________________________ Aroma intensity: barely perceptible_____ expressive ______concentrated/complex _____ On the Palate ACIDS soft _____ crisp _____ high/strong ______ TANNINS soft _____ medium ______ intense ______ SWEETNESS needs more ____ just right _____ noticeable _____ cloying/sticky______ OAK PRESENCE none _____ light _____ medium ______ heavy ______ BODY/WEIGHT light _____ medium _____ full ____ FINISH/PERSISTENCE ______ short ______ medium _______ lengthy Purchasing criteria Do not buy at any price_______ Buy only if &quot;priced right&quot;______ Buy at current price______ Buy a case! Great price/value ratio______ Buy for special occasions______ Buy only as collector/showcase item _______
  16. 26. Domaine Drouhin Winemaker's Notes: All our Pinot Noir is handpicked into 25-pound totes, then hand-sorted and destemmed at our gravity flow winery We use approximately 20% new oak with our Pinot Noir, which allows the character of the wine and vintage to show through Barrels are custom-made for us in Burgundy using oak from France's best forests On the nose, the wine is full of bright cherry and intense small red berry notes, with a hint of spice. The mouth feel is lush and round, and very balanced, as is the elegant, long finish. …… do you agree???
  17. 27. Next Class: Monday, November 3 Wines of the Southern Hemisphere: Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay

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