FIRE DRILLDIV. 16 SEC. 3.1601The organization of persons for orderly and rapidevacuation is an Integral part of the bigger Disaster Controlrequired by the OCD for occupants of building andProvisions in this Div. as well as in the rest of the FireCode requiring the conduct of fire drill shall be enforced bythe BFP in coordination with the Office of Civil Defense.
OBJECTIVES To ensure the safe and effective use of all exits facilities in case ofactual fire emergency. To acquaint hospital personnel with hospital fire alarm signal withactual emergency courses of action called for under different fireconditions. To achieve an orderly and safe evacuation under proper discipline. To prevent panic, confusion, injury and loss of lives in case ofactual fire.
Institutional OccupanciesA. EVACUATION PLAN, FIRE EXIT DRILLS: Approved evacuation plan for the guidance of all persons in theevent of fire. Every bed intended for use by institutional occupant shall be easilymovable under conditions of evacuation and shall be equipped withthe type and size of casters allow easy mobility, especially overelements of the structure such as the expansion plates and elevatorthreshold. Fire exit drill in hospital includes the ff.
Fire exit drill in hospital includes the ff. a. Transmission of a fire alarm and simulation of emergencyof fire conditions except that the movement of infirm or bed – riddenpatient to safe areas is not required. b. Shall be conducted quarterly on each shift to familiarizehospital personnel with signals and emergency action required undervaried conditions. c. When conducted between 9:00 o’clock in the evening and6:00 o’clock in the following morning, a coded announcement may beused of audible alarm.
A. EVACUATION PLAN, FIRE EXIT DRILLS: Approved evacuation plan for the guidance of all persons in theevent of fire. Every bed intended for use by institutional occupant shall be easilymovable under conditions of evacuation and shall be equipped withthe type and size of casters allow easy mobility, especially overelements of the structure such as the expansion plates and elevatorthreshold. Fire exit drill in hospital includes the ff.
Procedure in Case of Fire1. Upon discovery of fire, personnel shall immediately take thefollowing action: Fire with endangered victim, discover shall; a.1 Go to the aid of endgangered person. a.2 Call aloud an established code phrase. a.3 Any person in the area upon hearing the code called shalltransmit the interior alarm using the nearest normal alarm station.Every bed intended for use by institutional occupant shall be easily.
Procedure in Case of Fire(Cont.) Fire with endangered victim, discover shall; b. No person is involved in the fire, discover the code called shalltransmit the interior alarm using the nearest normal alarm station. c. Upon hearing the alarm signal personnel concerned shallimmediately execute their duties outlined in the fire evacuation plan.2. The telephone operator shall determine the location of the fire asindicated by the audible signal. In a building equipped with anencoded alarm system, a person on the floor of fire origin shallresponsible for the prompt notification of the fire location to thetelephone operator.
Procedure in Case of Fire3. If the telephone operator receives a telephone alarm reporting a firefrom a floor, the operator shall regard the alarm in the same fashionas an alarm over the fire system. The operator shall immediately notifythe Fire Station and alert the personnel of the place of fire and it’sorigin.4. If the interior alarm system is out of service, any person discoveringa fire shall transmit immediately and notify the telephone operator bytelephone. The operator shall transmit this to the Fire Station and alertall occupants of the building.
Procedure in Case of Fire5. A written fire safety plan shall have; a. Use of alarm b. Transmission of alarm to Fire Station c. Response to alarm d. Isolation of fire e. Evacuation area f. Preparing building for evacuation g. Fire extinguishments
Organizing an Evacuation Team1. Select and design the most qualified personnel to the position of evacuation chief.2. Designate selected personnel to comprise team.3. Train acquaint the team of their role in evacuation.4. Assign floor wardens, exit guides and searchers to each floor or areas of the building and other facilities.5. Prepare an evacuation floor plan indicating with arrows the locations of main exits, fire exits and direction of flow of evacuating occupants.
Planning and Conduct of Fire Drill1. It’s the responsibility of Evacuation Chief; a. Once a month for every shift b. Irregular hours4. First few drills are announced5. Subsequent drills shall be announced6. Frequent drill help established participants familiar (dry run) to actual fire emergency and became a matter of routine7. Use of fire alarm system to signal the start of a fire exit drill in accordance with the specific codes intended only for evacuation and fire drills
Planning and Conduct of Fire Drill6. When using an fire alarm system to announce an actual fire/fire drillthe following codes are recommended: a. BLUE ROSE ZEBRA which means “ALERT ALLPERSONNEL AND OCCUPANTS, INCIDENCE OF FIRE HAS BEENREPORTED” BLUE – Fire Emergency ROSE – Fire Emergency ZEBRA – Take your position as per fire safety plan
Planning and Conduct of Fire Drill b. RED ROSE ZEBRA, which means “ REPORT OF FIREHAD BEEN INVESTIGATED AND CONFIRMED, EVERYBODY ISREQUIRED TO REACT ACCORDING PLAN” RED – Take action, evacuate….conduct rescue andsalvage operation control and extinguish the fire.7. All occupants of the building shall evacuate the area as perevacuation plan.
Evacuation Procedure1. In the event of fire, Evacuation Chief shall; a. Ascertain and confirmed the exact location of the fire. b. Notify occupants of the building. c. Shall direct evacuation of the building/ area in accordance with the fire safety evacuation plan.2. Evacuation shall commence on…. a. Fire floor b. Floors immediately above c. Strictly follow – strict warden/s orders the evacuation ifconditions warrants such action even before order for evacuation isreceived.
Evacuation Procedure1. Occupants shall use route assigned to floor/area and shall use other exit ways if sop ordered or if the assigned route is contaminated with heat or smoke.2. Evacuation of two or more floors below the fire floor is generally adequate.3. Floor wardens shall ensure above the fire floors shall select the safest exit such as; 1. Stairways based on location of the fire. 2. In extreme case, the occupants shall use the nearest fire escape/exit uncontaminated by fire or smoke.
Evacuation Procedure1. Floor warden shall ensure that all occupants of the floor assigned to him are evacuated or safe areas. Therefore headcount is to be done at the evacuation area. Report missing person.2. Thorough research by designated SEARCERS shall be conducted to ensure that all occupants have been brought safer place.3. Recall signal.
Do’s in Fire Exit Drillb. Stop working upon hearing the drill signal or as directed by the floor warden.c. Stop all the electrical machines, appliances and unplug them.d. Wait for the go signal of the floor warden before leaving the premises.e. Clear the passage ways/ routes leading to exits.f. Be alert and tactful in following the evacuation procedures prescribed in the fire drill program of activities.
Dont’s in Fire Drill1. Don’t run, walk fast.2. Don’t lag behind unnecessarily.3. Don’t scream or make noise.4. Don’t laugh or talk unnecessarily.5. Don’t hide inside CR or closets.6. Don’t return from your belongings.7. Don’t cause confusion.8. Don’t use elevator.
Dont’s in Fire Drill 9. Don’t leave the building except in accordance with FED regulation10. Don’t leave your line or will moving out.11. Don’t fail to perform your role in the evacuation plan.12. Don’t be unruly, no horse playing.