Daily Life in Mesopotamia
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Daily Life in Mesopotamia

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Fin and Briens project on Daily Life in Mesopotamia

Fin and Briens project on Daily Life in Mesopotamia

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Daily Life in Mesopotamia Daily Life in Mesopotamia Presentation Transcript

  • By: Brien and Fin
  • Intro  Civilization in Mesopotamia developed about six thousand years ago(5300b.c.). Mesopotamia is located on a fertile crescent, and is located mainly in Iraq. Today, much of Mesopotamia is under sand. Mesopotamia means “land between rivers”
  • Social Structure  Priests There are four main classes in Ancient Sumer Upper Class The priest were the highest then the highest then the upper class, after that the lower class, at the bottom are the slaves. The priests were in charge of making every one behave Slaves as the gods would like The slaves came from different towns from were Lower Class the Sumerian conquered before.
  • Marriage  In Ancient Mesopotamia wives were bought and sold( picture to right is marriage market). Wives were capable of filing a divorce(below picture). Marriages were arranged by the bride and the grooms family. The western civilization has learned its ways of marriage from ancient Mesopotamia especially the Babylonians.
  • Family Life   In a Family men had more power than women.  Boys were taught their family trading business  Girls stayed home and learned how to housekeep and cook for the family.  One right that a women have is that they can get a divorce.  Men were the masters of the house.
  • Childbirth   Death to infants during birth was very common due to having no doctors at times.  Mesopotamians wore amulets and potions while giving birth and well after giving birth.  The amulet was meant to chase away the god Lamashtu (pictured beside)from stealing babies after birth.  There were about two to four children born to each husband.
  • Childhood  Rich boys were taught how to read and write in school. In the lower class, boys were taught there fathers and family trade like fishing. Girls, rich and poor stayed home with their mother to learn housekeeping and cooking. Girls were also taught to take care of children.
  • School  Record keeping was very important to ancient Mesopotamians, they wrote everything down. There written language was called cuneiforn. Schools were attached to temples, and only boys had the privilege of going to school. Students had to do a perfect job or they were beaten as punishment. Most students wanted to go to school in spite of punishments.
  • Housing  The upper class lived in large homes that were wide and nearly three stories high. The materials used to make houses was sun- dried brick, because there was little wood and stone. The roofs were flat, so that it was like a fourth floor. The most important floor in the house is the first floor.
  • Food   The average person in Mesopotamian ate about two meals a day except for the rich who ate three.  Lots people ate unleavened bread, and drank large amounts of beer(up to a whole gallon a day).  Meat was expensive so most people ate vegetables and stews  There were cakes for special occasions were also made with butter, raisins, dates, flour, and cheese.  A popular treat was the Kafta kabob ( in picture to right).
  • Religion  The Mesopotamians religion was the first to be recorded.  Mesopotamians believed in gods and goddesses that had their divine natural forces.  There were four creator gods Anu sky god, Enlil storms and helping people, Nin- khursag earth goddess, Enki water god and patron of wisdom.  Priests in Mesopotamia were responsible for sacrifices and ritual that they thought the gods needed.
  • Celebrations  Mesopotamians celebrated Akitu which is the earliest new year’s festival. Every month the Mesopotamians had a ceremonies to determine the six important factors The Mesopotamians celebrated the Moon, solstices, and equinoxes.
  • Death  ancient Mesopotamians  For death and sickness were terrible sins.  In ancient Mesopotamia they buried the bodies though no matter what no attempts were made to preserve their bodies.  For Mesopotamians the reason of life was to serve the gods so when you died you were worthless.  A major sin that could sentence people to death was “Making Offerings To The Dead”.Male worshiper (praying for afterlife)
  • Art  Sumerians made jewelry  The Assyrians used art from gold and lapis, but for military achievements they weren’t good at and daily life. molding stone sculptures.  They also carved and Sumerians also created painted. beautiful mosaics that had colourful patterns, helmets, harps, jewelry, and decorated tablets. The Babylonians made massive sculptures including huge gates, all of the sculptures were for special events honoring gods.
  • Music   Music in Sumerian was used in religious and civic life and wherever music was, dancing was usually near.  Musicians were rich because they went to school.  Instrument that Mesopotamians use include harps, lyres, lutes, reed pipes, and drums.  Singers tried to express emotion through their song.
  • Extra Facts  The Mesopotamians  King Hammurabi is written language is called famous for the Code of cuneiform, which was Hammurabi which is one shapes and symbols. of the earliest set of laws found. (created in 1780 Cuneiform was created in BCE) It had about 200 5000 BCE, which was laws in it. about when Sumer stated to downfall. Thanks to Cuneiform our Era knows more about Mesopotamia.
  • Fact Bibliography  "Ancient Mesopotamia: This History, Our History. Life in Mesopotamia." Ancient Mesopotamia: This History, Our History. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2012. <http://mesopotamia.lib.uchicago.edu/mesopotamialife/index.php>. "Art, Music, Crafts - Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids ." Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids - Sumer, Babylon, Assyria . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://mesopotamia.mrdonn.org/art.html>. "BookRags.com | Study Guides, Lesson Plans, Book Summaries and more." BookRags.com | Study Guides, Lesson Plans, Book Summaries and more. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2012. <http://www.bookrags.com/history/ancient-mesopotamia-family-and-social- trends/sub1.html>. "Cuneiform, Ancient Written Language - Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids ." Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids - Sumer, Babylon, Assyria . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://mesopotamia.mrdonn.org/cuneiform.html>. Gill, N.S.. "Religion of Mesopotamia - Ancient Mesopotamian Religion." Ancient / Classical History - Ancient Greece & Rome & Classics Research Guide. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/nemythology/a/mesopotamiarel.htm>. "Homes - Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids ." Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids - Sumer, Babylon, Assyria . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://mesopotamia.mrdonn.org/homes.html>. Lover, Festival. "The Ancient Akitu Festival of Mesopotamia." Festival Lover on HubPages. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://festivallover.hubpages.com/hub/Ancient-Akitu-Festival-of- Mesopotamia>.
  • Fact Bibliography  "Mesopotamian Food." digâ„¢ - The archaeology magazine for kids!. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2012. <http://www.digonsite.com/drdig/neareast/19.html>. "Music of Mesopotamia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_Mesopotamia>. Naranjo, Roberto. "eHistory.com: Marriage in Ancient Mesopotamia and Babylonia." eHistory at OSU | Welcome to eHistory. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2012. <http://ehistory.osu.edu/world/articles/articleview.cfm?aid=58>. "Priests, Upper & Lower Class, Slaves - Ancient Sumer for Kids ." Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids - Sumer, Babylon, Assyria . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://mesopotamia.mrdonn.org/classes.html>. "Time." British Museam. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://www.mesopotamia.co.uk/time/home_set.html >. "death -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2012. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/154412/death/>. "death :: Mesopotamia -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2012. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/154412/death/22185/Mesopotamia>.
  • Picture Bibliography  Kofta Kebabs Recipe - Allrecipes.com." Allrecipes.com - recipes, menus, meal ideas, food, and cooking tips.. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2012. <http://allrecipes.com/recipe/kofta-kebabs/>. " Mesopotamian Art - BooksOfArt.com." BooksOfArt.com » Books Of Art. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://booksofart.com/ancient-art/mesopotamian-art/>. "Ancient Mesopotamia." Worldology. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://www.worldology.com/Iraq/ancient_mesopotamia.htm>. "Annunaki (Mesopotamian Gods)." index (main). N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://www.marvunapp.com/Appendix/sumerg.htm>. "Cuneiform, Ancient Written Language - Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids ." Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids - Sumer, Babylon, Assyria . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://mesopotamia.mrdonn.org/cuneiform.html>. "Euphrates River in Southeast Turkey, one of the rivers mentioned in old testament." ANCIENT ANATOLIA AND ASIA MINOR. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://www.ancientanatolia.com/Pictures/Gallery01/image40.htm>. "File:Mesopotamia male worshiper 2750-2600 B.C.jpg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mesopotamia_male_worshiper_2750- 2600_B.C.jpg>. "Lamashtu." The Theistic Church of Satan. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2012. <theisticchurchofsatan.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoid=55791487>. Lover, Festival. "The Ancient Akitu Festival of Mesopotamia." Festival Lover on HubPages. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://festivallover.hubpages.com/hub/Ancient-Akitu-Festival-of-Mesopotamia>. "Marriage market." Wikimedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2012. <upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/75/Babylonian_marriage_market.jpg >.
  • Picture Bibliography "  Mesopotamia in the Making - Flowers for the Teacher." Flowers for the Teacher - Journaling with an ICH approach. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://flowersfortheteacher.posterous.com/mesopotamia-in-the-making>. "Priest picture." SOZO. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <https://encrypted- tbn0.google.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRxi1jwbX0PRSIJD1Uw5CL7FmhzP2DHC0JuSr_HVIiwen7HrFfLrQ>. Publishing), Chelsea House (An imprint of Infobase, New York, and 2009. "S T R A V A G A N Z A: FAMILY LIFE IN ANCIENT SUMERIA." S T R A V A G A N Z A. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2012. <http://stravaganzastravaganza.blogspot.ca/2011/12/sumerian-family-life.html>. Publishing), Chelsea House (An imprint of Infobase, New York, and 2009. "S T R A V A G A N Z A: FAMILY LIFE IN ANCIENT SUMERIA." S T R A V A G A N Z A. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://stravaganzastravaganza.blogspot.ca/2011/12/sumerian-family-life.html>. "Ribollita – Hearty Tuscan Vegetable Soup, Siena, Italy — A Food Centric Life." A Food Centric Life — Healthy Recipes. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2012. <http://afoodcentriclife.com/ribollita-%E2%80%93-hearty- tuscan-vegetable-soup/>. "Tibetan Homes - Life on the Tibetan Plateau." Life on the Tibetan Plateau. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://kekexili.typepad.com/life_on_the_tibetan_plate/2007/08/tibetan-homes.html>. "Untitled Page." Cross Sound Insteunements. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://www.crosssound.com/CSarchives/INSTRUMENTS/instrumentsall.html>. "Women - Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids ." Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids - Sumer, Babylon, Assyria . N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://mesopotamia.mrdonn.org/women.html>. there,  my fathers warrior brother.  He told us the most devastating news...my courageous father has lost his life. The realization was, we knew this could happen, and but we could do nothing but cry in disbelief.  My father was my idol. "Akar a Mesopotamia Slave." Akar a Mesopotamia Slave. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Apr. 2012. <http://akaramesopotamiaslave.blogspot.ca/>.