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Economic & Business Environment in India

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  • 1. Economic & Business Environment in India JeevanPrasad Chinthala AjayPrasad Siripuram
  • 2. Economic Indicators 06-10 avg. 2010 2011 2012 (exp)GDP (% growth, real) 8.4 8.8 7.5 7.6Inflation (%, year-end) 8.8 12.0 7.0 5.5Fiscal Balance (% of GDP) -4.6 -5.1 -5.6 -5.0Exports (% growth) 18.9 34.1 32.2 16.5Imports (% growth) 20.3 30.3 26.1 13.3Current Account (% of GDP) -1.8 -3.0 -3.2 -2.5External Debt (% of GDP) 16.7 14.6 13.7 12.3Currency (per USD, year-end) 44.7 44.8 52 ---
  • 3. Foreign Trade and Investment• In 1945, India became a member of IMF• Till the early 1990s, the foreign exchange market in India used to be tightly controlled by the Reserve Bank of India, the central bank.• Since then, the foreign exchange system has become fully convertible on current account and partially convertible on capital account.• India has started attracting substantial quantities of foreign direct investment (FDI) as well as foreign portfolio investment.• Indian companies have also started investing abroad in a big way.
  • 4. Top 5 Export Items – India – Apr-Sept 2010-11 Category % Age Petroleum ( Crude & Products 16.9% Gems & Jewellery 14.9% Transport Equipment 8.3% Machinery & Equipments 4.8% Drugs/Pharma/Fine Chemicals 4.6% Others 50.5%
  • 5. Major Export Destinations Apr- Sept 2010-11 Country % Age UAE 14.0% USA 11.1% China 5.2% Hong Kong 4.4% Singapore 4.3% ROW 61.0%
  • 6. Top 4 Import Items – India – Apr-Sept 2010-11 Category % Age Petroleum ( Crude & Products 30.1% Pearls/Semi Precious Stones 7.7% Gold 7.6% Machinery Except Electrical & Electronics 6.7% Others 47.8%
  • 7. Major Import Countries Apr- Sept 2010-11 Country % Age China 12.0% UAE 7.2% KSA 6.2% USA 5.3% Swiss 5.2% ROW 64.1%
  • 8. Examples of Sectoral GuidelinesSector/ Activity FDI Cap/ Equity Sector/ Activity FDI Cap/ EquityAirports – Greenfield 100% Floriculture, 100%Airports - Existing 100% Horticulture, etc.Scheduled Air 40% - FDI, 100% Power (excl. atomic 100%transport services - NRI energy)Mining 100% Coal & Lignite 100%Banking – Pvt. Sector 74% (FDI + FII) Drugs & Pharma 100%Defence Production 26% NBFCs 100%Insurance 26% Refining (petroleum 49% - PSUs, & natural gas) 100% -Pvt.Wholesale/ Cash and 100% Newspapers 26%carry tradingSpecial Economic 100% Telecommunication 74% (inclZones Services FDI,FII,NRIs,etc)
  • 9. Thank You