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DIDACTIC UNIT # 2-3 WOOD
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  • 1. TECHNICAL USE MATERIALS I: WOOD   © Federico Fernández Herrera ENGLISH BILINGUAL 2º E.S.O. TECHNOLOGY DIDACTIC  UNIT # 3
  • 2. Index: ● Stone, Bronze, Iron Age. Nowadays' technical use materials. ● Natural vs. artificial materials. ● Wood. Actual relevance. Parts. Processing. Features. ● Working with woods (measure, draw, fix, cut, smoothen, drill, join, finish). ● ● Types of wood. ●   Derivative products (cardboard, paper). Wood samples. Enviromental Impact.  
  • 3. Stone, bronze, iron Ages. Nowadays' technical use materials. (I)     Stone Age
  • 4. Stone, bronze, iron Ages. Nowadays' technical use materials. (II) Bronze = Cu – Sn alloy Cu = copper Sn = tin Bronze Age    
  • 5. Stone, bronze, iron Ages. Nowadays' technical use materials. (III) Iron = Fe     Iron Age
  • 6. Stone, bronze, iron Ages. Nowadays' technical use materials. (IV) Woods Metals (ferric, non ferric) Plastics Ceramics   2º E.S.O. 3º E.S.O.  
  • 7. Natural vs. artificial materials. Features: Conductivity (heat and electricity) Hardness    
  • 8. Wood. Actual relevance. Parts. Processing. Features. (I) Wood is a natural material. Wood and stone were the first materials that man used. Wood has been used to light a fire, to make wood weapons, to build boats, houses, etc. Some of these things are still used today. Woods. Actual relevance. Parts: Bark (inn. and out.) Cambium Sapwood Heartwood Medullary rays Pith (medulla)    
  • 9. Wood. Actual relevance. Parts. Processing. Features. (II) Sapwood: part of the trunk with life. It´s the youngest part of the wood. Its colour is light. It has a lot of sap. Heartwood: the best quality part. Medullary Rays: they are cracks from the center outwards. Bark: the outer trunk´s part. It is a protector of the trunk.. Medulla: the inner trunk's part.    
  • 10. Wood. Actual relevance. Parts. Processing. Features. (III) Features: density d = m / V hardness H resistance to traction, compression and bending T, C, F (fiber direction) conductivity (th.&el.) durability (moisture, hygroscopicity, fungus, rot)    
  • 11. Wood. Actual relevance. Parts. Processing. Features. (III) Processing: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cwwkO7m4bpY&NR=1 CORTE EN EL BOSQUE The trees are cut in the winter, because they have less sap. •The tools to cut trees were the axe and the hand saw. •The tools used today are the chainsaw Wood and big machines that cut and raise the trunk quickly. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EAgCi1J7Hl0&feature=player_embedded ASERRADERO Planks, boards, beams, etc After cutting the wood, It´s necesary to dry in order to evaporate the sap and the water. The wood is stacked to allow air to flow. It is faster with hot air    
  • 12. Working with wood measure and draw Rip saw, backsaw and hacksaw. Wood Power Tools: circular saw, jigsaw and table saw. saw smoothen drill (sand) join and fix (glue, nail, screw) finish     (wax, varnish, paint, ink, lack)
  • 13. Types of wood. Samples. http://www.linalquibla.com/TecnoWeb/madera/contenidos/tiposmadera.htm Poplar = chopo Walnut = nogal Oak = roble Birch = abedul Cherry = cerezo Pine = pino Ebony = ébano Fir = abeto Soft wood: resinous and evergreen trees, they are easy to work with (pine, fir, poplar…) Hard wood: deciduous trees like oak , walnut, ebony,…    
  • 14. Derivative products (I)(cardboard, paper).    
  • 15. Derivative products (II) (plywood, chipboard, fiber board). Artificial Boards: • Cheaper and bigger sizes than natural wood. • Completely flat and smooth. • Will not rot and it´s termite resistant. Plywoods: Made with wood sheets with perpendicular fibers and are stuck together. These boards always have an uneven number of sheets. Chipboards: Made with glued and pressed wood shavings. We can paste plastic or natural wood sheets together to get a wood best finish quality. Fiber Boards: We can get them from wood fibers pressed together at high pressure and temperature, glued with synthetic resin (DM) or natural resin (tablex).    
  • 16. Joints: permanent vs. removable Permanent: Removable:   Nailing Assembly http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=jzyaGrpUpIA Screwing Screw (types) Bolt (for nuts and washers)   ENSAMBLES
  • 17. Environmental impact deforestation recycling