Impact of tackling homelessness on local community fabric: taking the community as the starting point
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Impact of tackling homelessness on local community fabric: taking the community as the starting point

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Presentation given by Stefano Galliani, fioPSD President, Italy at the FEANTSA/HABITACT seminar "Tackling homelessness as a social investment for the future: Looking at the bigger picture", 12th June ...

Presentation given by Stefano Galliani, fioPSD President, Italy at the FEANTSA/HABITACT seminar "Tackling homelessness as a social investment for the future: Looking at the bigger picture", 12th June 2013, Amsterdam

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Impact of tackling homelessness on local community fabric: taking the community as the starting point Impact of tackling homelessness on local community fabric: taking the community as the starting point Presentation Transcript

  • IMPACT OF TACKLING HOMELESSNESSON LOCAL COMMUNITY FABRICTaking the communityas the starting point
  • Homeless service providers in Italy:a brief overview National Survey 2011(Ministry Labour and Social Policy - ISTAT – FioPSD – Caritas) Target group: ETHOS 1, 2 and 31. 727 different agency and institution in 158 different cities and town2. 3125 services provided: 35% answer to basic needs (food, clothes, shower, etc.) 17% host people during the night (shelter, supported house, etc.) 4% day centre 24% advisory 21% social support No question => no information about other (community) project
  • Homeless sector:common focus on single person(ETHOS 1, 2 and 3) Homeless people need a tailored pathway Homeless people usually have importantdifficulties about relationships, jobs, incomeand health, rights and access to home=> reduction in active participation andcitizenships
  • Homeless sector:limits to focus on single person- Risk to deepen the division between city/“common” citizen and homeless people(segregation)- Being perceived by neighbors as a problemand not a resource for local community- Usually tackling scarce resources (individualand budgetary) This trend both for service providers andhomeless people
  •  Managing scarce resources and difficultiesor promoting opportunities? Remains outside the mainstream or beingleader in promoting a change in our societymodel for a growing quality of life foreverybody? Working to change every single homelessperson or create social inclusionopportunities by enlarging activecitizenships in the local community?A different role for a differenthomeless service provider?
  • Related questions: How to fill the gap between homeless peopleand society? Are homeless people the solely responsible fortheir life condition? What’s the common people quality of life duringthis period of time In Italy (related to economiccrisis, fragmentation in relationships, conflicts inneightbourhood, etc.)
  • Simple issues but difficult concreteimplementation (in Italy) Support for homeless people walks together with anactive citizenship pathway Service providers have to shift from the individualdisadvantage to promote the capacity building in the(local) community for finding resources to preventhomelessness and support homeless people when theyare outside the services To this aim, homeless services have to be theimselves(recognized) resources in the local community usingproper expertise
  • An interesting example Casa della Carità – Cassino- Small Institution in a small town recentlyproposed initiatives to local community as:- 1. training for pediatric unblocking- 2. Basic training for comics authors- 3. “Sommeliers” (wine and alcohol) training- 4. basic IT training for elderly people
  • What’s the aim? More common people enter my institutionmore people will know homelessness More people will help or offer opportunities tothe users More people will think to this institution forcharity and help my budget
  • Opera Bonomelli –Nuovo Albergo Popolare (NAP) Former traditionally shelter (since 1957) Since 1993 became a residential servicefocused on pathway “from street to home” 150 users/year – ETHOS 1, 2 an 3 35 employers (mainly educators) 2 million €/year budget Now it is a multitask service “from homelessarea to promoting quality of life in the city”
  • Multitask? Organic vegetable cultivation Housing lead project in the neighborhood Social Cohesion project in the neighborhood Participatory planning of the neighborhoodgreen areas Etc.
  • Organic vegetables cultivation Users are employed Users sell the products in differentmarkets/ways to different clients (families,schools, “critical buyer groups”) Plus : Organic is different!
  • Housing lead project:one shared flat (three chronic former users) Neighbors feeling at the beginning: “again a problemhere!” “our district is already disadvantaged a partthis new project…” Floating staff since the beginning spent half worktime to support local association and neighborhoodcommittee + organize parties for residents andplayground for immigrants children living in the socialhousing blockWhat’s the aim? More quality of life in the neighborhood means moreopportunities and less stigma for the three formerhomeless people and …
  • … and Social Cohesion Project From the small experience to a three annualproject in the same neighborhood (about halfa million of € supported by a BankFoundation) to improve social and economicquality of life for common citizens Money for every agency including a lots oflocal partners - not “friendly”a few years ago- like parish (priest and believers),neighborhood committee, shopkeepers, etc.
  • … and participatory planning Money available by the Municipality of Bergamo torenew the green areas in the neighborhood Deputy major and lead company decided to makethe process entirely inside the NAP They think NAP can offer a safe and favorableenvironment for seven meetings Participants: common citizens, project managers,deputy major, academics, journalists, homelesspeople, social workers, etc.
  • Outcomes? NAP as now better accepted and recognizedas a resource to improve local quality of life NAP users have more opportunities to besocial included and more job opportunities More budget and more people employed More dynamics in the neighborhood(next step: district Festival 21-30 June 2013) www.nuovamalpensata.it
  • Thank youStefano Gallianipresidenza@fiopsd.org