Homelessness and Migration in Southern European Countries
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Homelessness and Migration in Southern European Countries

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Presentation given by Stefano Galliani, Italy, at a FEANTSA Research Conference on "Homelessness, Migration and Demographic Change in Europe", Pisa, Italy, 2011

Presentation given by Stefano Galliani, Italy, at a FEANTSA Research Conference on "Homelessness, Migration and Demographic Change in Europe", Pisa, Italy, 2011

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  • Introduction FEANTSA Information from FEANTSA’s members Specific look at some countries (not IE and UK)

Homelessness and Migration in Southern European Countries Homelessness and Migration in Southern European Countries Presentation Transcript

  • Homelessness and migration inSouthern European Countries Stefano Galliani Sonia Olea Ferreras, Ana Martins, Vasso Agathidou, Andrè Gachet (FEANTSA AC Members) with the support of Mauro Striano Interdisciplinary Center Sciences EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE for peace’ Homelessness, Migration and Demographic Change in Europe Pisa, 16th September 2011
  • Policy framework Southern European Countries have acquired (often against respective governments will) the connotation of “access doors” to Western Europe Entering immigrant flows are in great part out of national laws (current ones) which are increasingly centered on the refusal of entry and on a systematization of emergency interventions within resource management and allocation. Irregular immigration is mostly made-up of “overstayers”, which further proves the failure of concerning migration policies EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Homelessness, Migration and Demographic Change in Europe
  • Policies affect cultural environment Local and national policies mostly highlight the risks of new citizens accessing the national territory Policy makers fuel the idea of social conflict, deforming the reality of facts Immigrants are not included in the sphere of social policies administration but are usually considered to be a competence of the Interior Bureaus in accordance to a restraining crime code. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Homelessness, Migration and Demographic Change in Europe
  • Failure of EU policies A lot of immigrants people use Southern EU Countries as “door” to Europe but they are going to live in other (Northern) EU Countries The European Union does not make any use of its Member States in order to construct the conditions for an individual life project trough Europe E.g. Asylum seekers European Common Asylum System (reception directive) Instruments implementation varies according to Member State and sometimes corresponding to stricter rules which can:- push asylum seekers to try and get to other countries- find themselves with no concrete prospects of an autonomous life. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Homelessness, Migration and Demographic Change in Europe
  • Homeless Service providers and Immigrants people Services are subject to an improper demand by the Authorities when these fail in providing housing to immigrants with a precarious legal status (asylum seekers – who by European law should be accommodated in specific services – and undocumented migrants) Services are subject to commissioning, often not recognized or set back by respective legislations services risk to introduce or to be the access point for social exclusion rather than an instrument to approach rights and resources EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Homelessness, Migration and Demographic Change in Europe
  • Why access point to social exclusion? lack of a sustaining legislation for the undocumented lack of a long term policy strategy for documented immigrants lack of legislation and clear mandates, services are not provided with specific resources⇒ prevents the effective recognition of citizenship rights (including access to work and housing)⇒ creates obstacles to the construction of a concrete future for each immigrant person EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Homelessness, Migration and Demographic Change in Europe
  • Possible ways out A participated construction of society through social mediation models (that can bring immigrants to be perceived as an extra value for the territories)⇒ work on social cohesion⇒ collective recognition of “fragility” and “diversity” as a resource A fight movement based on the law and able to reaffirm collective citizenship ties (for all citizens) A Immigrants Laws reform: all human beings must have access to fundamental rights in order to live their dignity. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Homelessness, Migration and Demographic Change in Europe
  • Proposed cooperation between Homeless sector and Researchers Construction of templates for the development of new forms of citizenship - through training, investigation and evaluation of already operating projects managed by homeless services sector Identification of specific projects for different components of the immigration phenomenon1. attention to the differences existing between new arriving immigrants and the “traditional” homeless services users2. evaluation of the risks and costs presented by such generalizations/specificities. Analysis of (forced) repatriations (non) sense through the experience of already engaged stakeholders/services EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Homelessness, Migration and Demographic Change in Europe
  • Thanks for your listening Stefano Galliani albpop@tin.it Ana Martins ana.martins@ami.org.ptSonia Olea Ferreras solea.ssgg@caritas.es Vasso Agathidou agathi@educ.auth.gr Andrè Gachet gachet.andre@gmail.com EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCEHomelessness, Migration and Demographic Change in Europe