KLIMAKA    For the developmentof human and social capitalFacing the challenge of confronting homelessness          in a na...
Homelessness in Greece European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING E...
Homelessness in Greece European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING E...
Homelessness in Greece  Rough estimates on the number of homeless range around                  17.000 – 20.000 persons.Bu...
Homelessness in Greece   In addition, the paucity of official statistical data results to the obstruction of the implement...
The current financial situation in Greece  832.975 households                                                2.186.869 per...
The current financial situation in Greece                                                                     Unemployment...
The current financial (& social) situation in                     GreecePopulation at poverty risk consists of:   Househo...
The current financial (& social) situation in                     GreecePopulation at poverty consists of:   Households’ ...
The financial (& social) situation in Greece       European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010      UNDERS...
The Greek social policyIn the National Strategic Reference Framework 2007-2013 of the Ministry of Finance, the Greek State...
Social policy in a national economic crisis                     or the Social Policy Reactions to the Crisis              ...
If a homeless was given just a subsidy of     300€ would s/he exit homelessness?Is a homeless able to adopt to a daily job...
Towards an integrated holistic prevention                   model The challenge consists of the quest of policy models  s...
Towards an integrated holistic prevention                      model   Although the study of the cost – benefit relation ...
Towards an integrated holistic prevention                     modelFurthermore, and given the economic downturn and the sl...
Towards an integrated holistic prevention                     model The “priority need” test Analysis of homelessness da...
Towards an integrated holistic prevention                     model Design and implementation of a monitoring system Tar...
Towards an integrated holistic prevention                      model   Primary prevention strategies:     Prevent new cas...
Towards an integrated holistic prevention                  model           A primary intervention modelThe model of the Mo...
Towards an integrated holistic prevention                 model         A tertiary intervention model The model of the Kli...
Designing policies to eradicate the phenomenon of homelessness, and  not its temporary relief is nowadays more crucial tha...
Thank you for your attention European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOU...
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Facing the Challenge of Confronting Homelessness in a National Economic Crisis. A Pilot Prevention Policy Model

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Presentation given by Olga Theodorikakou, Alexandra Alamanou & Kyriakos Katsadoros, Greece at a FEANTSA Research Conference on "Understanding Homelessness and Housing Exclusion in the New European Context", Budapest, Hungary, 2010

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  • Introduction FEANTSA Information from FEANTSA’s members Specific look at some countries (not IE and UK)
  • Facing the Challenge of Confronting Homelessness in a National Economic Crisis. A Pilot Prevention Policy Model

    1. 1. KLIMAKA For the developmentof human and social capitalFacing the challenge of confronting homelessness in a national economic crisis A pilot prevention policy model Theodorikakou O., Alamanou A., Katsadoros K. KLIMAKA NGO, Greece European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE ENHR NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    2. 2. Homelessness in Greece European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    3. 3. Homelessness in Greece European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    4. 4. Homelessness in Greece Rough estimates on the number of homeless range around 17.000 – 20.000 persons.But: there are no quantitative and qualitative data of thehomeless population there is no opportunity to quantify economic resourcesaddressed to the homeless population European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    5. 5. Homelessness in Greece In addition, the paucity of official statistical data results to the obstruction of the implementation ofserious actions and initiatives in order to eliminate the problem. This fact also precludes the appreciation of the problem’s real dimensions and prolongs the ignorance regarding its increased rate, while it inhibits any attempt of planning comprehensive actions. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    6. 6. The current financial situation in Greece 832.975 households 2.186.869 persons European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    7. 7. The current financial situation in Greece Unemployment Percentages January 2005 -April 2010 European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    8. 8. The current financial (& social) situation in GreecePopulation at poverty risk consists of: Households with children under the age of 16 and at least one working member (52%) Unemployed men (39%) Households with one adult above 65 years old (31%) Single parent households with at least one child (27%) Single women households (27%) Young adults (16-24 years old)(24%) European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    9. 9. The current financial (& social) situation in GreecePopulation at poverty consists of: Households’ members with low educational level (67%) Unemployed (64%) Households with children (52%) Employed persons (36%) Households with children and at least one working member (34%) European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    10. 10. The financial (& social) situation in Greece European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    11. 11. The Greek social policyIn the National Strategic Reference Framework 2007-2013 of the Ministry of Finance, the Greek State has acknowledged that “The system (that is, the social solidarity system) is characterized by institutional shortcomings and insufficiencies at the operational level. The main insufficiency is the effectual integration of vulnerable population groups through active policies as well as the limited functionality of prevention and open care programs according to the adverse demographic developments”.But:The Greek Constitution provides clauses for the protection of the right to housing. More specifically, article 21 par. 4 stipulates: “The acquisition of dwelling for those that deprive it or whose house is inadequate constitutes a matter of specific care by the State”. Lack of housing results also to the exclusion of other fundamental rights, such as employment (article 22 par.1) and education (article 16 par.2), e.t.c. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    12. 12. Social policy in a national economic crisis or the Social Policy Reactions to the Crisis OR European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    13. 13. If a homeless was given just a subsidy of 300€ would s/he exit homelessness?Is a homeless able to adopt to a daily job? Does a homeless need only a house? European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    14. 14. Towards an integrated holistic prevention model The challenge consists of the quest of policy models sufficient to address the impacts of the crisis to the citizens’ housing. At the same time these policy models have to be harmonized with the lack of economic resources. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    15. 15. Towards an integrated holistic prevention model Although the study of the cost – benefit relation is not yet feasible, all indications suggest that the maintenance of the phenomenon, costs to the state more than homeless’ restitution and prevention of homelessness together. Effective preventative schemes offer the potentialto deliver not just a better quality of life for people at risk of homelessness, but also real cost benefits for general tax payers. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    16. 16. Towards an integrated holistic prevention modelFurthermore, and given the economic downturn and the slowing of national resources spent on welfare and social policy, we should take account of certain restrictions in order to avoid exhaustion of system resources, but to channel it in harmony to create quality both services in line with European strategies and priorities for tackling homelessness and in coherence with national guidelines. The actions and procedures will also be complementary rather than overlapping and conflicting with recognized and unambiguous objectives and responsibilities. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    17. 17. Towards an integrated holistic prevention model The “priority need” test Analysis of homelessness data in local level Development of specialist skills in organizational and authoritative level Adaptation of a best value approach Establishment of clear service standards, performance indicators and targets European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    18. 18. Towards an integrated holistic prevention model Design and implementation of a monitoring system Target at the additional indirect costs of homelessness (criminality, harvest economy etc) Fair Housing Legal housing mediation as a fundamental right Specific homeless populations addressed via specified prevention strategies European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    19. 19. Towards an integrated holistic prevention model Primary prevention strategies: Prevent new cases of homelessness and stop people from ever becoming homeless Secondary prevention strategies: Focus on intervening early during a first spell of homelessness to help the person leave homelessness and not return Tertiary prevention strategies: Seek to end long-term homelessness, thus preventing continued homelessness Martha R. Burt, Urban Institute, Carol Pearson, Walter R. McDonald & Assoc., European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    20. 20. Towards an integrated holistic prevention model A primary intervention modelThe model of the Mobile Mental Health Unit in Cyclades European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    21. 21. Towards an integrated holistic prevention model A tertiary intervention model The model of the Klimax Plus Social Corporation European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    22. 22. Designing policies to eradicate the phenomenon of homelessness, and not its temporary relief is nowadays more crucial than ever. Prevention policies are not only more effective but also less expensive. In this context, we hope to integrate in our thinking the long-term design and implementation of prevention policies instead of choosing political solutions for temporary relief and exemption from other obligations. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
    23. 23. Thank you for your attention European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
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