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Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?
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Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: is Comparability with Europe possible?

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Presentation given by Kate Amore, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand at a FEANTSA Research Conference on "Understanding Homelessness and Housing Exclusion in the New European Context", …

Presentation given by Kate Amore, University of Otago, Wellington, New Zealand at a FEANTSA Research Conference on "Understanding Homelessness and Housing Exclusion in the New European Context", Budapest, Hungary, 2010

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
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  • 1. Conceptualising and Counting Homelessness in New Zealand: Iscomparability with Europe possible? Kate Amore, Michael Baker, Helen Viggers, Philippa Howden-Chapman Housing & Health Research Programme Department of Public Health University of Otago, Wellington European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 2. New Zealand? European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 3. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 4. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 5. Homelessness is culturally invisible in New Zealand - John May, 2003 European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 6. NZ Definition of HomelessnessA person is homeless, if, at the time of enumeration:1. Living in a situation unacceptable for permanent habitation by NZ norms and;2. Have no options to acquire safe and secure private accommodation. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 7. NZ Living situations ETHOS LIGHT ETHOS Living rough Living rough ROOFLESS Without accommodation Non-conventional Improvised dwelling INADEQUATE dwelling Emergency Night shelter ROOFLESS accommodation Non-profit accommodation for the homeless Accommodation for the HOUSELESS homeless Women’s refuge Temporary accommodation Communal commercial accommodation Temporary HOUSELESS (eg. boarding houses) accommodation Non-conventional Camping ground / motor camp INADEQUATE dwelling Temporary Marae HOUSELESS accommodation Sharing Conventional housing Staying with family or friends INSECURE accommodation with family or friends Uninhabitable housing Legally tenured housing without adequate amenities N/A N/A  N/A Health care and penal institutions Institutions HOUSELESS European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 8. People in  Point in time countsinstitutions  Conflation of ‘actual’ and ‘at risk’≠ populationshomeless  Individual life courses cannot be reflected at a single point in time European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 9. Uninhabitablehousing  Legally tenured= housing without adequate amenitieshomeless*  Adequate amenities is defined by U.N. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 10. NZ Living situations ETHOS LIGHT ETHOS Living rough Living rough ROOFLESS Withoutaccommodation Non-conventional Improvised dwelling INADEQUATE dwelling Emergency Night shelter ROOFLESS accommodation Non-profit accommodation for the homeless Accommodation for the HOUSELESS homeless Women’s refuge Temporaryaccommodation Communal commercial accommodation Temporary HOUSELESS (eg. boarding houses) accommodation Non-conventional Camping ground / motor camp INADEQUATE dwelling Temporary Marae HOUSELESS accommodation Sharing Conventional housing Staying with family or friends INSECUREaccommodation with family or friendsUninhabitable Legally tenured housing without N/A N/A housing adequate amenities N/A Health care and penal institutions Institutions HOUSELESS European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 11. Scrutiny of domains of home HabitabilitySecurityoftenure Privacy Edgar,2009 European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 12. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 13. Domains contributing to homelessness and housing exclusion Security of Habitability Privacy tenure habitation categories Without shelter    Temporary place of Temporary    accommodation Sharing    accommodation Uninhabitable    housingexclusion Crowdingcategory Housing (e.g. one family    with many children) European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 14. NZ Definition of HomelessnessA person is homeless, if, at the time of enumeration:1. Living in a situation unacceptable for permanent habitation by NZ norms and;2. Have no options to acquire safe and secure private accommodation. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 15. ‘Due to lack of housing’  European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 16. Translating ‘no options’ /‘due to lack of housing’  Necessary to take out people living in temporary situations for other reasons  Indicator of deprivation  Best available indicator is income (Census data)  Poverty line is most defensible threshold European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 17. Summary People in institutions are not homeless People in uninhabitable housing are homeless (if they are also poor) Another indicator – deprivation (income poverty) – is required to identify the homeless population in Census data European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 18. Conclusions 3 major challenges for international discussion Logic and validity should be central to the measurement of homelessness This discussion is important if homelessness is to become a key international social indicator European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 19. www.healthyhousing.org.nz European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT

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