Insert your logo here          The Signif cance of Exclusionary                   i             Discourse and Measures    ...
Disclaimer   “I have come to believe that those who have the   good fortune to be able to devote their lives to the   stud...
Outline1. Discourse of exclusion2. Measures of exclusion3. The signif cance of moral exclusion            i4. Resistance a...
Introduction: homelessness in Hungary  How many people are living on the street?  “Homeless count”, 2005: 3000 (Budapest) ...
1. Discourse of exclusion    European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOU...
“I managed to get rid of illegal advertisements,clean graff ti, we passed a strict ordinance on dogs,          iwe took ac...
“We will start a complex police action, taking f rm                                               iaction against the disr...
“I will do everything for Hungary to be a livable andmore peaceful, more prosperous country. Newlegislation is being worke...
2. Measures of exclusion    European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUS...
2. Measures of exclusionExclusionary public spaces    European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTAN...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
2. Measures of exclusionCriminalization of silent begging      European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010...
National legislation:- begging with children- begging “in a harassing way”                  is prohibited      European Re...
- begging “in a harassing way”“who addresses pedestrians or people in publicwith the purpose of asking for money, or who g...
Criminalization of silent begging...and “implied conduct”        European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 20...
European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW    ...
2005       European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010   UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION ...
2006       European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010   UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION ...
2007       European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010   UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION ...
2010       European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010   UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION ...
“the local authority will ensure the legal basis forpushing out the homeless and the beggars”              - mayor, 5th di...
Why did the prohibition of begging becamenecessary?“[...] people often stop me on the street complainingthat they are bein...
3. The signif cance of moral exclusion            i         European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010   ...
Punitive measures and the lack ofadequate social policy responses are           not unrelated.        European Research Co...
Punitive measures and the lack ofadequate social policy responses are           not unrelated.   lack of adequate social p...
Exclusionary discourse of punitive measures          European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010      UNDE...
Exclusionary discourse of punitive measures    dehumanization of homeless people          European Research Conference, Bu...
Exclusionary discourse of punitive measures   dehumanization of homeless people   “blaming the victim” cause attribution  ...
Exclusionary discourse of punitive measures   dehumanization of homeless people   “blaming the victim” cause attributionde...
Exclusionary discourse of punitive measures   dehumanization of homeless people   “blaming the victim” cause attributionde...
4. Resistance and the politics of self-organizing          European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010    ...
Protest of homeless and                                                      non-homeless activists                       ...
Protest against announced “homeless-free zones”, 2009Result: the mayor stopped hisanti-homeless campaign            Europe...
Thank you very much for your attention!        European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010    UNDERSTANDIN...
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The Importance of the Exclusionary Discourse and Measures: The Example of Hungary

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Presentation given by Bálint Misetics, A Város Mindenkié, Budapest, Hungary at a FEANTSA Research Conference on "Understanding Homelessness and Housing Exclusion in the New European Context", Budapest, Hungary, 2010

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The Importance of the Exclusionary Discourse and Measures: The Example of Hungary

  1. 1. Insert your logo here The Signif cance of Exclusionary i Discourse and Measures Bálint Misetics A Város Mindenkié – City is for All (Budapest) European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  2. 2. Disclaimer “I have come to believe that those who have the good fortune to be able to devote their lives to the study of the social world cannot stand aside, neutral and indifferent, from the struggles in which the future of that world is at stake” - Pierre Bourdieu, 2000 European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  3. 3. Outline1. Discourse of exclusion2. Measures of exclusion3. The signif cance of moral exclusion i4. Resistance and the politics of self-organizing European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  4. 4. Introduction: homelessness in Hungary How many people are living on the street? “Homeless count”, 2005: 3000 (Budapest) “Homeless count”, 2008: 1800 (Budapest) Approx. (at least) twice as many in Hungary European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  5. 5. 1. Discourse of exclusion European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  6. 6. “I managed to get rid of illegal advertisements,clean graff ti, we passed a strict ordinance on dogs, iwe took action against illegal littering, we expelledhomeless people, without much public attention” - mayoral candidate, 2006 European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  7. 7. “We will start a complex police action, taking f rm iaction against the disruptive homeless, begging,illegal vending and illegal litter” - mayor of the 11th district, 2009 European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  8. 8. “I will do everything for Hungary to be a livable andmore peaceful, more prosperous country. Newlegislation is being worked out. We will make work thestrata which disdain working, and clean the streetsfrom the beggars and those who, disturb the spiritof the country, but also ensuring that they get work andopportunity from life” - minister of the interior, 2010 European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  9. 9. 2. Measures of exclusion European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  10. 10. 2. Measures of exclusionExclusionary public spaces European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  11. 11. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  12. 12. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  13. 13. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  14. 14. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  15. 15. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  16. 16. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  17. 17. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  18. 18. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  19. 19. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  20. 20. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  21. 21. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  22. 22. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  23. 23. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  24. 24. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  25. 25. 2. Measures of exclusionCriminalization of silent begging European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  26. 26. National legislation:- begging with children- begging “in a harassing way” is prohibited European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  27. 27. - begging “in a harassing way”“who addresses pedestrians or people in publicwith the purpose of asking for money, or who goesbegging house to house, f at to f at” l l European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  28. 28. Criminalization of silent begging...and “implied conduct” European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  29. 29. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  30. 30. 2005 European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  31. 31. 2006 European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  32. 32. 2007 European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  33. 33. 2010 European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  34. 34. “the local authority will ensure the legal basis forpushing out the homeless and the beggars” - mayor, 5th district of Budapest, 2007. European Research Conference, Budapest, th September UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  35. 35. Why did the prohibition of begging becamenecessary?“[...] people often stop me on the street complainingthat they are being woken up by the outside life infront of their house. Others eat there, sleep there,relieve themselves there [...]. It is also a healthissue. […] there are serious implications ifsomebody sits on a bench downtown on whichsomebody with TB previously sat” - local authority representative, Szeged, 2005. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  36. 36. 3. The signif cance of moral exclusion i European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  37. 37. Punitive measures and the lack ofadequate social policy responses are not unrelated. European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  38. 38. Punitive measures and the lack ofadequate social policy responses are not unrelated. lack of adequate social policy punitive measures European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  39. 39. Exclusionary discourse of punitive measures European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  40. 40. Exclusionary discourse of punitive measures dehumanization of homeless people European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  41. 41. Exclusionary discourse of punitive measures dehumanization of homeless people “blaming the victim” cause attribution European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  42. 42. Exclusionary discourse of punitive measures dehumanization of homeless people “blaming the victim” cause attributiondestruction of empathy, sense of community and responsibility European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  43. 43. Exclusionary discourse of punitive measures dehumanization of homeless people “blaming the victim” cause attributiondestruction of empathy, sense of community and responsibility lack of adequate social policies European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  44. 44. 4. Resistance and the politics of self-organizing European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  45. 45. Protest of homeless and non-homeless activists against anti-homeless legislation in downtown Budapest, 2007Result: the mayor abandonedhis idea of “stepping upagainst the homeless” andeliminating the “homelessislands” European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  46. 46. Protest against announced “homeless-free zones”, 2009Result: the mayor stopped hisanti-homeless campaign European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  47. 47. Thank you very much for your attention! European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
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