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Community Homelessness? The New Roma Ghetto and its Conceptual Framework
 

Community Homelessness? The New Roma Ghetto and its Conceptual Framework

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Presentation given by Cătălin Berescu, FRONTAL, UAUIM, Romania at a FEANTSA Research Conference on "Understanding Homelessness and Housing Exclusion in the New European Context", Budapest, Hungary, ...

Presentation given by Cătălin Berescu, FRONTAL, UAUIM, Romania at a FEANTSA Research Conference on "Understanding Homelessness and Housing Exclusion in the New European Context", Budapest, Hungary, 2010

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  • Introduction FEANTSA Information from FEANTSA’s members Specific look at some countries (not IE and UK)

Community Homelessness? The New Roma Ghetto and its Conceptual Framework Community Homelessness? The New Roma Ghetto and its Conceptual Framework Presentation Transcript

  • The New Roma Ghetto and its conceptual framework Cătălin Berescu, FRONTAL, UAUIM European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE ENHR NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • Romania & Eastern Europe Romania has the largest number of Roma inhabitants in Europe. The economy of transition produced a decline in their housing condition, leading to an acute social exclusion. The racist attitude that forms the background of urban decisions can be seen today in the alarming development of the shantytowns surrounding the Romanian towns. The post revolution era reversed the process that defined the communist period – after the forced settlement of the nomads, the gypsies were the first to loose their jobs and to be evicted. This leaded to the formation of numerous micro-slums around every Romanian City and later on to the migration of these formation to Western Europe. The vast majority of the interventions aiming to improve their housing conditions leade in fact to the formation of new ghettos.Mimiu – Ploiesti, FierarilorStreet European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • Miercurea Ciuc str. PrimăveriiSumuleu garbage pit European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • Miercurea Ciuc - Sumuleu European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • Miercurea Ciuc - JigodinEmbryo settlement – rural migrants from SinMartin European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • Miercurea Ciuc – str. PrimaveriiSocial housing in the vicinity of the sewage plant – neighborghood resulted from a forced evicition European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • Miercurea Ciuc – garbage pit25 years, 25 people, 7 shacks in the garbage pit European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • Miercurea Ciuc – garbage pitIllegal, unstable, structurally insecure, insalubrious,unhygenic, substandard housing European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • The New European Roma Ghetto Castel Romano – Rome, ItalyVillagio della Solidarita – a settlement built by the socialist mayor of Rome, Walter Veltroni, 30 km away from the center, onthe highway to the seaside, to host the evicted illegal campi inhabited by Bosniac Roma in the center of Rome. Next busstop is 3 km away European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • The New European Roma Ghetto / Italy 1. Candoni; 2. Castel Romano; 2. 3. Monachina; 4. in the bush beyound the Grand Racordo Annulare European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • The New European Roma Ghetto / GreeceSofades / Trikala / Volos – Greece European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • Migration...any policy limited to the city level is doomed to fail. (Moritz Lennert) European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • The Housing Exclusion Map Po Ethno-Camp su ve tan rty bs Non conflictual Ethnic neighbourghood d ar d (recent migrant areas, war poverty neighborghood ho us refugee camps) subsidiarity, ing diminished ethnical dimension mahala / banlieu nce D if fere ce, c ral ity, Ra tion et ltu nic slum Cu Eth enta ua l o ri se x extreme poverty severe poverty relative poverty New PovertyEthno Park Ghetto“Purely” ethnic areas mahala, țigănie, slum șatră, sat, new development zones with a strong ethnic dimension Residential segregation, Exposure to improper housing conditions, Exposure to hazard conditions (Environmental Historical Ghetto racism), Jewish Ghetto in Venice, Warsaw, Forced evictions, rent refusal, acces problems Budapest, etc. Rich black ghetto Discrimination European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • Communitary homelessness ETHOS and the individual approach Slum, Ghetto, Banlieu, Mahala, Tziganie Campo nomadi, Travellers site Housing discrimination and collective rights Conclusions European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • Thank you! Cătălin Berescu European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN ENHR THE NEW EUROPEAN CONTEXT