Squattings – Chance or Deadlock for Homeless and Homeless Migrants? Variant Experiences from Different European Countries
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Squattings – Chance or Deadlock for Homeless and Homeless Migrants? Variant Experiences from Different European Countries

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Presentation given by Dr Stefan Schneider, Berlin, Germany at a FEANTSA Research Conference on "Understanding Homelessness and Housing Exclusion in the New European Context", Budapest, Hungary, 2010

Presentation given by Dr Stefan Schneider, Berlin, Germany at a FEANTSA Research Conference on "Understanding Homelessness and Housing Exclusion in the New European Context", Budapest, Hungary, 2010

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  • Introduction FEANTSA Information from FEANTSA’s members Specific look at some countries (not IE and UK)

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  • 1. Squattings –chance or deadlock for homeless and homeless migrants? Dr. Stefan Schneider, Berlin @doc_schneider blog.drstefanschneider.de European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 2. A. some experiences1. Plattengruppe Köpenick– Berlin, D2. Red Tents Campain (DAL) – Paris, F3. Rue Royale 123 – Brussels, BE4. Homeless Village – Budapest, HU5. Rozbrat – Poznan, PL6. Bethanien – Berlin, DB. first interpretations1. squatting & homeless2. sustainibility & participationC. outlook & discussion European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 3. 1. Plattengruppe Köpenick– Berlin,D European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 4. 1. Plattengruppe Köpenick– Berlin, Dlocation: berlin, germanyvenue: residental housename: "plattengruppe"summary: homeless squat developsinto assisted housingcontext: berlin second wave squat movementtime: 1992 - nowparticipation: high, but decreasingsustainability: now establishedmigrants: increasing quoteprospect: homebase of new participation European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 5. 2. Red Tents Campain (DAL) – Paris,F European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 6. 2. Red Tents Campain (DAL) – Paris, Flocation: paris, francevenue: public spacename: red tents campaignsummary: squatting campaign winter 2006/2007in paris and other citiescontext: droit au dogement (DAL), ngotime: 2006participation: high, political campaignsustainability: evicted, but political debate about homelessnessmigrants high quoteprospect: political homeless movement European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 7. 3. Rue Royale 123 – Brussels,BE European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 8. 3. Rue Royale 123 – Brussels, BElocation: brussels, francevenue: empty bank buildingname: rue royale 123summary: multiple groups of squatters, street living homeless, mental ill and migrant families squat at least this housecontext: permanent support from the platform "Department Of Housing Crisis"time: 2006 - nowparticipation: high level self organisationsustainability: with contract, prototypemigrants: high quoteprospect: best practice model, spreading European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 9. 4. Homeless Village – Budapest,HU European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 10. 4. Homeless Village – Budapest, HUlocation: budapest, hungaryvenue: privat forest, suburbname: homeless villagesummary: because of the lack of facilities budapest homeless started building provisional shackscontext: people are basically supported by social workers (food, water, advice)time: since 2005 or earlierparticipation: highsustainability: lack of strategiemigrants: unknown (less quote?)prospect: remaining slum? European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 11. 5. Rozbrat – Poznan,PL European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 12. 5. Rozbrat – Poznan, PLlocation: poznan, polandvenue: store barracksname: "rozbrat"summary: anarchist squat with some actions to support (single) homelesscontext: anarchist movement, food not bombstime: 1992 - nowparticipation: low,sustainability: established, but in danger of evictionmigrants: low, but increasingprospect: partner of political homeless &migrants movement European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 13. 6. Bethanien – Berlin,D European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT http://www.morgenpost.de/multimedia/archive/00379/roma__BM_Berlin_Ber_379321b.jpg
  • 14. 6. Bethanien – Berlin, Dlocation: berlin, germanyvenue: rename: "york 59 in bethanien"summary: squat project bethanien invited sinti & roma to stay & forced new squattingscontext: sinti & roma families with there childs camp in parks, disturbed by policetime: summer 2009participation: low, people used for political actionsustainability: symbolic effect, but principle effordmigrants: highest levelprospect: public debate about european homeless policy European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 15. B. first interpretations1. squatting & homelessa squat is not a squat is not a squat .... established projects best practice strategic partnership symbolic action provisorical and/or temporarily solutions precarios deadlock .... European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 16. B. first interpretations2. sustainibility & participation European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 17. B. first interpretations2. sustainibility &participation European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 18. C. outlook & discussionsquats could be a part of a politicalmovement (to force a debate aboutstrategies) of ending homelessness and amethod to develop new projects ofadaequat housing,succesful squats with homeless combine ahigh level participation with a wide &longterm political strategy European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT
  • 19. thx for your attention!material available hereblog.drstefanschneider.de@doc_schneider European Research Conference, Budapest, 17th September 2010 UNDERSTANDING HOMELESSNESS AND HOUSING EXCLUSION IN THE NEW ENHR EUROPEAN CONTEXT