Risk Profiles for People under Threat of Housing Eviction

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Risk Profiles for People under Threat of Housing Eviction

  1. 1. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Profiles of tenants at risk of eviction: a latent class analysis Marieke Holl, Linda van den Dries, Dorieke Wewerinke, Judith Wolf Netherlands Centre for Social Care Research (Omz)
  2. 2. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Evictions in Europe  2009: 5,022 evictions in the Netherlands*  2009: 3,040 evictions in Sweden*  2010-2011: 9,735 evictions in the housing association sector in England, 7,188 due to rent arrears** *Stenberg,Van Doorn, et al., 2011 **Fitzpatrick, Pawson, et al., 2012
  3. 3. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Objectives 1. Describe profiles of subgroups within the population of tenants at risk of eviction due to rent arrears; 2. Determine to what extent these subgroups differ regarding care needs
  4. 4. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Target population and sites  Tenants at risk of eviction due to rent arrears:  At least 18 years old  Renting independent accomodation from housing association  2 or more summons from a bailiff because of rent arrears  5 cities  16 housing associations
  5. 5. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Methods  Structured interviews (N= 495)  November 2011 – February 2013  Latent class analysis
  6. 6. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Measures  Education (lowest/low/middle/high)  Previous court orders (yes/no)  Other debts besides rent arrears (yes/no)  Social support (low/average/high)  Recent conflicts in personal relationships or with neighbours (yes/no)  Frequent alcohol use (yes/no)  Frequent cannabis use (yes/no)  Health impediments (no/low/high)  Depressive symptoms (yes/no)  Help received regarding rent arrears (yes/no)  Trust in care (low/neutral/high)
  7. 7. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Results: 4 clusters Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3 Cluster 4 Cluster size N=219 N=177 N=67 N=32 Education (%) Lowest 10 29 38 0 Low 35 41 45 0 Middle 35 23 17 38 High 20 7 0 63 Previous court orders (%) Yes 28 9 76 65 Other debts (%) Yes 83 97 91 81 Social support (%) Low 55 74 88 63 Average 31 19 11 22 High 14 7 2 16 Recent conflicts (%) Yes 37 35 71 100
  8. 8. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Results: 4 clusters (continued) Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3 Cluster 4 Cluster size N=219 N=177 N=67 N=32 Frequent alcohol use (%) Yes 1 3 20 3 Frequent cannabis use (%) Yes 5 1 38 0 Health impediments (%) No 69 33 41 25 Low 23 31 26 16 High 8 37 33 59 Depressive symptoms (%) Yes 0 97 62 100 Received help regarding rent arrears (%) Yes 25 34 55 19 Trust in care (%) Low 9 11 35 25 Neutral 46 44 29 53 High 46 45 36 22
  9. 9. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Description of clusters  Cluster 1 (N=219; 44%): few risk factors  Cluster 2 (n=177; 36%): few risk factors, but almost all have depressive symptoms
  10. 10. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Description of clusters (cont.)  Cluster 3 (N=67; 14%): lower level of education, many previous court orders, majority experienced conflicts, alcohol and cannabis use, majority depressive symptoms, more help provided regarding rent arrears, less trust in care  Cluster 4 (n=32; 6%): higher level of education, many previous court orders, all experienced conflicts, impeded by health problems, all depressive symptoms
  11. 11. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Unmet care needs (13 domains)  Definition: Help wanted, but not received  52.2% no unmet needs, or on only 1 domain  48.8% unmet needs on 2 or more domains
  12. 12. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Unmet care needs on 2 or more domains (48.8%)  Cluster 1: 36%  Cluster 2: 56%  Cluster 3: 61%  Cluster 4: 72%
  13. 13. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Unmet need in each domain (%) Domain Cluster 1 Cluster 2 Cluster 3 Cluster 4 Financial 22 39 37 59 Work 24 33 30 34 Housing 27 45 46 44 Daily activities 9 17 27 19 Housekeeping & personal care 7 13 12 16 Social relations 6 9 8 13 Family 3 8 9 9 Physical health 6 17 15 6 Psychological health 7 22 20 38 Alcohol use 1 2 6 3 Drug use 0 1 2 0 Safety 8 15 20 28 Resilience 6 18 26 25
  14. 14. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Summary  High incidence of depressive symptoms in 3 of the 4 clusters  2 large clusters with few risk factors; 2 smaller clusters with many risk factors, but very distinct profile (level of education)  Many unmet care needs in 2 multiproblem clusters
  15. 15. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Targeted interventions  Unmet care needs in all subgroups regarding living conditions (income, work, housing, daily activities)  Determine care needed: differences in urgency, intensity, duration & type of care  But: little is known about effectiveness of interventions, let alone for specific subgroups
  16. 16. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Thank You! M.Holl@elg.umcn.nl J.Wolf@elg.umcn.nl

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