Mapping the Homeless Population in Amsterdam

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Mapping the Homeless Population in Amsterdam

  1. 1. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Mapping the homeless population in Amsterdam Matty de Wit, Marcel Buster, Mariëtte Hensen Municipal Health Service Amsterdam.
  2. 2. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Policy and shelter in Amsterdam  Sleeping locations of the homeless in Amsterdam 1. Rough sleepers, improvised shelters 2. Night shelters 3. 24-hour shelters 4. Protected housing  Residential homeless (3,4): well mapped  Actual homeless (1, 2): largely unknown  Policy:  With connection to city: integrated care plans and stable shelter or housing  No connection to the city: repatriation,  or when self-sufficient: survival on their own means
  3. 3. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Periods of frost  Night shelters accessible to everyone, free of charge  Additional shelter-beds: capacity adapted to demand  Rough sleepers actively guided towards shelters  Majority of the actual homeless/roofless are inside  Research opportunity
  4. 4. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Aims of the study  Describing size and characteristics of the homeless population  Estimating the number of people that are sleeping rough
  5. 5. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Methods  Short interviews  in all night-shelters with 20 volunteers  Structured questionnaire  2 nights during the first week of the frost period  Registrations of all shelters (regular and additional) during the entire frost period.  Studies performed every year since 2008/2009
  6. 6. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Use of the additional beds In addition to 150-200 regular shelter beds 122 178 240 241 214 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 nrofnights 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 nrofpersons duration frost period average nr persons per night maximum nr persons per night total nr of persons in period
  7. 7. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 General description  Average age 41 years  Mainly men (91-96%)  Sleep outside 25-33% of nights in a month  Less than 1 yr homeless: ~33%  Less than 1 yr in Amsterdam: ~25%  Connection with Amsterdam: ~50%  Every year ~ 85% is new
  8. 8. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Country of origin 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 outside EU New EU member states Old EU member states Netherlands
  9. 9. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 EU-migrants  New in Adam  Official connection to the city Dutch Old EU New EU No EU <1 yr 13% 41% 60% 23% Dutch Old EU New EU No EU Connect. 68% 30% 13% 61%
  10. 10. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 EU migrants Sleep more rough and less in shelters 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Dutch old EU new EU no EU other shelter rough
  11. 11. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Social problems  No income: 36%  No insurance: 48%  Detention past yr: 45%
  12. 12. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Social problems 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 no income no insurance detention Dutch old EU new EU no EU
  13. 13. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Social problems over time 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 no income no insurance detention 2008/2009 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013
  14. 14. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Medical problems  Alcohol: 20%  Drugs: 16% heroine/cocaine; 22% cannabis  Psychiatry: 28% (based on care use)  No medical problem: 48%
  15. 15. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Medical problems 0,0 20,0 40,0 60,0 80,0 psychiatry alcohol heroine/cocaine no problem Dutch old EU new EU no EU
  16. 16. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Medical problems over time 0 20 40 60 80 psychiatry alcohol heroine/cocaine no m edical problem 2008/2009 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013
  17. 17. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 Conclusions  Age and gender remain fairly stable  The increase in European migrants seems to have stabilized  Most are recent arrivals in the homeless scene in Amsterdam  Increase in rough sleeping  Social problems  remain frequent.  EU-migrants have more social problems  Medical problems:  A decrease in heroine/cocaine use  Less frequent in EU migrants, except for alcohol
  18. 18. EUROPEAN RESEARCH CONFERENCE Housing First. What’s Second? Berlin, 20th September 2013 In relation for policies  With a connection and multiproblems: Integratedcare, residential housing  This study: the group not in residential facilities and mostly without an integrated care plan  Population still includes a group that fits the criteria of the integrated care plans (medical problems; connection to the city)  Drop-out, care-avoidance, influx  Those without a connection  Large part EU migrants  More social and slightly less medical problems  More rough sleeping  Highly dynamic

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