Committee of RegionsBrussels11 May 2006GLOCALISATION OF HOMELESS POLICIES            How local authorities can strengthen ...
FINLANDPOPULATION   5 261 250Helsinki      560 905Vantaa        187 281Espoo         231 704REGION        979 890
HOUSING STOCK OF HELSINKI, TOTAL 312 000                                    owner -occupied              2%    9%         ...
CONCEPT SOCIAL HOUSING       • Rental housing is state loaned       • Occupants are low income         persons or househol...
SOCIAL HOUSINGRENTAL DWELLING STOCK BY THE CITY OF HELSINKI    Number of dwellings      41.600    Average rent            ...
RESERVATION FOR SPECIAL GROUPShomeless                          2678people suffering mental illness    855refugees        ...
PREVENTION OF HOMELESSNESS                                            rented dwellings       in danger of … %             ...
DEFINITION OF HOMELESS• Persons staying outdoors• Persons living in other shelters or hostels or  boarding houses for home...
SOURCES OF STATISTICSHousing Fund of FinlandCity of HelsinkiReal Estate DepartmentHousing DivisionSocial Welfare Departmen...
SINGLE HOMELESS                           2001   2002   2003    2004 2005Outdoors, in night         1130   1080 1         ...
SINGLE HOMELESS5000450040003500   2820                                Temporarily with relatives and               2760300...
HOUSING SERVICES, SOCIAL SECTORNumber of placesSingle dwellings        2130Supported dwellings 335Supported homes         ...
HOUSING SERVICES, THIRD SECTORREHABILITATION FOR ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSERSINCLUDING HOUSING (total 748)Institution         ...
COOPERATION: HOUSING DIVISION AND             SOCIAL SECTORTenant selection to city rental flats, year 2005               ...
COOPERATION ON REGIONAL           LEVEL• Participants Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa• Program targeted to decrease homelessness o...
CHALLENGES FOR THE FUTURENEW PICTURE OF HOMELESS       hardly excluded people in need of special housing solutionsNEW CONC...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Mapping and monitoring the homeless problem at local level

352 views

Published on

Presentation given by Markku Leijo, City of Helsinki, Finland at a FEANTSA seminar on "Glocalisation of homeless policies? How local authorities can strengthen their homeless strategies through transnational cooperation", Committee of the Regions, May 2006

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
352
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Mapping and monitoring the homeless problem at local level

  1. 1. Committee of RegionsBrussels11 May 2006GLOCALISATION OF HOMELESS POLICIES How local authorities can strengthen their homeless strategies through transnational cooperationPanel discussion 2; presentationMAPPING AND MONITORING THE HOMELESSPROBLEM AT LOCAL LEVELMarkku LeijoDeputy Head of Division, M. Soc. ScHOUSING DIVISIONCITY OF HELSINKIe-mail: markku.leijo@hel.fi
  2. 2. FINLANDPOPULATION 5 261 250Helsinki 560 905Vantaa 187 281Espoo 231 704REGION 979 890
  3. 3. HOUSING STOCK OF HELSINKI, TOTAL 312 000 owner -occupied 2% 9% rental / state loaned, 25% 42% others rental / state loaned, City of Helsinki rental, free market 13% 9% Right-of-occupation dwellings others
  4. 4. CONCEPT SOCIAL HOUSING • Rental housing is state loaned • Occupants are low income persons or households • In selecting occupants preference is given to those whose housing needs are most urgent • The local authorities supervise the selection of occupants
  5. 5. SOCIAL HOUSINGRENTAL DWELLING STOCK BY THE CITY OF HELSINKI Number of dwellings 41.600 Average rent 8,25 €/m2 Dwelling type, kitchen not incl. 1 room 18 % 2 rooms 46 % 3 rooms 27 % 4 rooms + 9%
  6. 6. RESERVATION FOR SPECIAL GROUPShomeless 2678people suffering mental illness 855refugees 269handicapped 104elderly 92TOTAL 3998 dwellings
  7. 7. PREVENTION OF HOMELESSNESS rented dwellings in danger of … % 2001 2488 39,0 2002 2888 40,6 2003 3583 36,9 2004 3447 38,4 2005 3551 43,4400035003000 Risks:2500 in danger of - divorce2000 homelessness - short-term contract rented dwellings1500 - rental flat sells out1000 - etc500 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
  8. 8. DEFINITION OF HOMELESS• Persons staying outdoors• Persons living in other shelters or hostels or boarding houses for homeless people• Persons living in care homes or other housing units of social welfare authorities, rehabilitation homes or hospitals due to lack of housing• Persons living temporarily with relatives and acquantances due to lack of housing• Families and couples who have split up or are living in temporary housing due to lack of housing
  9. 9. SOURCES OF STATISTICSHousing Fund of FinlandCity of HelsinkiReal Estate DepartmentHousing DivisionSocial Welfare DepartmentSocial Welfare Services for homeless
  10. 10. SINGLE HOMELESS 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005Outdoors, in night 1130 1080 1 985shelters, in dormitoriesIn institutions 750 760 385 388 415Temporarily with 2820 2760 2100 1900 1880relatives andacquaintancesTotal 4700 4600 3515 3270 3095
  11. 11. SINGLE HOMELESS5000450040003500 2820 Temporarily with relatives and 27603000 acquaintances2500 2100 In institutions 1900 18802000 Outdoors, in night shelters, in1500 dormitories1000500 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
  12. 12. HOUSING SERVICES, SOCIAL SECTORNumber of placesSingle dwellings 2130Supported dwellings 335Supported homes 178Night shelter 50TOTAL 2693
  13. 13. HOUSING SERVICES, THIRD SECTORREHABILITATION FOR ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSERSINCLUDING HOUSING (total 748)Institution placesSuojapirtti 113Setlementti-liitto 15Syväpuro 35Mentally ill 450Elderly 62HIV posit. 20Homeless women 18Others 35DORMITORIES, PLACES (659) Men 557 Women 102
  14. 14. COOPERATION: HOUSING DIVISION AND SOCIAL SECTORTenant selection to city rental flats, year 2005 HOUSING DIVISION Offers total 238 (7 %)SOCIAL SERVICES IMMIGRATION CHILDREN FOR HOMELESS UNIT CARE UNIT 104 22 55 GYPSIES HOMELESS 35 FAMILIES 22
  15. 15. COOPERATION ON REGIONAL LEVEL• Participants Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa• Program targeted to decrease homelessness on Helsinki Region, years 2002-2005 – new production 2300 dwellings – to by free market 1000 dwellings – supported housing 600 dwellings – shelters 100 places TOTAL 4000
  16. 16. CHALLENGES FOR THE FUTURENEW PICTURE OF HOMELESS hardly excluded people in need of special housing solutionsNEW CONCEPT IN RENTAL HOUSING new principles in tenant selection and finance in new productionSPECIAL OR VULNERABLE GROUP ARE NOT IN FOCUS OF DISCUSSIONHELSINKI IS GOING TO BRING DOWN NEW PRODUCTION IN SOCIAL HOUSING(state loaned housing)

×