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Benefits for local authorities to be part of a transnational Forum on homelessness

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Presentation given by Gerhard Eitel, Vienna City Council, Chair of Eurocities Homelessness working group at a FEANTSA seminar on "Glocalisation of homeless policies? How local authorities can …

Presentation given by Gerhard Eitel, Vienna City Council, Chair of Eurocities Homelessness working group at a FEANTSA seminar on "Glocalisation of homeless policies? How local authorities can strengthen their homeless strategies through transnational cooperation", hosted by the Committee of the Regions, May 2006


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  • 1. Glocalisation of homeless policies Brussels May 11, 2006 Benefits for local authorities to be part of a transnational Forum on homelessnessGerhard Eitel, Vienna Social Fund (City of Vienna)(Coordinator of the EUROCITIES working group“Cities´ strategies against homelessness”) Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 1
  • 2. EUROCITIES working group on homelessness Cities participating1,800,0001,600,0001,400,0001,200,0001,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0 o te ga le ca i H ow G oa W na w Vi ht oc am U m G n ew k sl N lsin st ge sa c ol R Ri en en O sg tre St rd kh ar ha e la en ot op C Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 2
  • 3. Strategic objectivesoverall reduction of the number ofhomeless peopleelimination of homelessness for familiesabolition of long-term homelessness(more than 2 years in transitoryinstitutions) homelessness. Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 3
  • 4. Operational objectivesdeveloping European quality standards in servicesfor homeless people as well as in services to preventhomelessness and to sustain accommodationidentification of good practices on empowermentprocessesIn order to address the numerous problems leadingto homelessness, the Working Group pointed outpolicy recommendations based on a comparison andanalysis of cities’ strategies to prevent and tacklehomelessness Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 4
  • 5. Tools of analysisTool 1 Local offersTool 2 Schemes on local supportTool 3 Schemes of selected servicesTool 4 Schemes of framework conditionsTool 5 Descriptions of selected services 12 Contributions of each tool to collect Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 5
  • 6. Local offers (Stockholm) O ffers for hom eless O ffers for non - hom eless people people Tem porary program m es to Support to preventaccom m odate hom eless people hom elessnessR esidential Hostels Eviction PreventionS upervised accom odation in Rent subsidiesapartm ents Easily affordable (com m unal) housing A ccom panying program m es Program m es to safeguard sustainable accom m odationStreetwork Easily affordable (com m unal) housingShelter guarantee Housing agencies for people w ith low incom eD ay CentersS pecific m edical care Auxiliary program m es S pecific training and em ploym ent program m es Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 6
  • 7. SUPPORT FOR THE HOMELESS IN GLASGOW 2004 Independent housing 1854 FLOATING M Health Families Alcohol ResettlementSUPPORT SERVICES 30 64 10 1750 (places)542 CLIENT SPECIFIC WOMEN Y People M Health Families Alcohol Drugs ARBD Ex Off ResettSUPPORTED 53 12 23 49 22 2 255 89 37ACCOMMODATION1330 LONGER TERM GCC GCC HACTEMPORARY TEMP FURNISHED FLATS FLATS/BEDSITS 30 1300ACCOMMODATION Salvation857 EMERGENCY GCC 70 GCC GCC GCC GCC GCC B&B (M) ASSESS ArmyBEDS/ ASSESSMENT 199 (M) 248 (M) CLOSING 72 (F) 16 (16/17) 200 52 (M+F) M+F) 12 (M)CENTRES156 DIRECT HOSTELS TALBOT 67 SALVATION ARMYVOL SECTOR BEDS (M) (89 BEDS) (M+F) LAURIESTON LODGING BARNARDOS SIMONDAY CENTRES and WAYSIDE CITY (SA) HOUSE STREET TEAM COMMUNITY CENTRE MISSION STREETWORK MISSION (16-25) STREET (30 places TEAM max)2885 places to live Services for the homeless in Glasgow Glasgow Homelessness Partnership
  • 8. Selected services (Copenhagen)Conceptual category Operational category ServicesHouseless Type Number Capacity/case load Temporary Temporary housing 7 301 accomodation (3.2) (longer stay) Temporary housing 1 5 (transitional defined) Temporary housing (no 9 66 defined time) Nr of pers Ca. 441 Yr of count 2004 Homeless hostel (3.1) Short-stay homeless hostel 6s 1314 Nr of pers 786 Yr of count 2004Roofless Stay in a night shelter Short-stay hostel 3 29 of which 18 beds is and/or forced to spend only for the periode 15/11 several hours a day in a – 1/4 public space (2) Low-threshold/Direct 2 night shelter/cafées 99 access shelter Nr of pers Ca. 683 Yr of count 2004 Rough sleepers (1) Outreach services 1 team with 19 full-time Closer contact to 450 Nr of pers Ca. 450 (fieldworkers) man-hours on 34 persons homeless persons on the Yr of count 2004 streets Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 8
  • 9. Framework conditions regarding social housing and homeless integration (Rotterdam) Federal Regional Local•Law of upper limits • Special health care • Social benefitsof rental fees (AWBZ) decentralized • Local housing allowances• Homeless policy tot regional care • Local grants for theand grants are insurance offices (non- institutions housing thedecentralized tot profit) homelesslocal authorities •Training of housing skills •Social support for families•Board of arbitration •Permanent housing forto check rental fees alcohol and/or drugs abusers Local income support for •Permanent housing for •Costs of rent contract, rent and rent arrears people with metal health problems •Costs of furniture, energy and water supply Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 9
  • 10. Description of local services for the homeless1. Name of project 10. User involvement in decision making2. Core objectives: Purpose of 11. Support planning processes project 12. Staff number and qualification3. Core service: Strategic action 13. Opening hours: research 14. Access: How do clients access your4. Additional support: service5. Target group and their needs: 15. Annual expenditure of the project Who the project aims to serve 16. Reasons for suspension6. Capacity: The number of 17. Research and reporting systems spaces/people the project can 18. Formal mechanisms of cooperation work with at any one time with other agencies for contributing to the homeless7. Description of accommodation sector as a whole offered 19. Complaints procedure8. House rules: Rules of the project 20. Risk assessments9. Governance arrangement: Who has executive responsibility for 21. Client information the project 22. Contracts 23. Other information Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 10
  • 11. The integrated „chain approach“a coordinated, integrated and strategicapproach to each homeless personto support people progress to theoptimum level of independence andintegrationThe “Integrated chain” depends on thespecific local situation yet many of the realised individual measures of all participating cities are very similar. Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 11
  • 12. Measures needed to realise effective support for the homeless•To prevent evictions as many as possible toavoid the beginning of homeless “careers”•Effective support for mental ill people(homeless and non homeless)•An easy access to affordable flats (e.g.communal housing) for inhabitants oftransitional hostels•The offer of unlimited special accommodationfor (former) long time homeless people Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 12
  • 13. Obstacles to provide an integrated “chain approach” I´Overall´ obstacles•Lack of central coordination of all policies and services•No culture of tackling social problems through astrategic approach•No (or a limited) innovative attitude amongpolicymakers and service providers•The disregard of prevention•Inflexibility of regulations in services, accommodations,etc. Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 13
  • 14. Obstacles to provide an integrated “chain approach” IITarget group related obstaclesNo integrated, multidisciplinary approach for clientswith a dual diagnosisNo (or poor quality) accommodation for special targetgroups- No or difficult access for homeless to other fields ofsociety (e.g. labour market)Those at the ‘bottom of the chain’ are thought not tofit in a chain model. As a result an integrated chainapproach is not developed at all. Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 14
  • 15. Obstacles to provide an integrated “chain approach” IIIFinancial obstaclesCities absorb many homeless people from otherparts of the country without budgets beingtransferred.not enough money to:1) provide all the (specific) services needed2) be innovative Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 15
  • 16. Common experienceSocial planning takes timesuccess or failure cannot be measuredwithin one legislative periodresults of social experiments are notforeseeableThe majority of innovative programmes,takes a highly positive course Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 16
  • 17. Future challengesAdditional members to the WGH, especially frommember states from South and Eastern EuropeContinuous documentation of achievements topromote transparency and comparability amongthe member citiesTo refine the model of an “integrated chainapproach” (based on good practices) Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 17
  • 18. Active contribution to National Action PlansTo fil the gap between the local level and thenational and European level in the field of socialinclusion policiesIntention to active contribution to National ActionPlansThe “integrated chain approach” as a localstrategy for social inclusion should be fullyreflected in the future NAPincl Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 18
  • 19. Possible partnershipsSearch for partners on a European levelLocal authoritie´s forum seems possible, if WGH partnership will continue Foundation of core (leading) group Significant added value for municipalities (e.g. improvement of practical cooperation between national, regional, and local level) Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 19
  • 20. Thank you for your attention!If you have any questions,suggestions or feedback, pleasedo not hesitate to contact me:Gerhard EitelVIENNA SOCIAL FUNDCommunication UnitInternational Network and IncentivesA-1030 Vienna, Guglgass 7 - 9Tel: +431 4000 66703Mobile: +431 664 5453586Mail to: gerhard.eitel@fsw.atwww.fsw.at Glocalisation of homeless policies/ May 2006 Benefits for local authorities Page 20