Emergency Accommodation: Paths to Reception and Hospitality - Social Housing in Italy
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Emergency Accommodation: Paths to Reception and Hospitality - Social Housing in Italy

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Presentation given by Francesca Santaniello, Politecnico di Milano, Italy at a FEANTSA conference on "People who are homeless can be housed: ...

Presentation given by Francesca Santaniello, Politecnico di Milano, Italy at a FEANTSA conference on "People who are homeless can be housed:
An insight into successful practices from across Europe", Cardiff, Wales, 2008

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    Emergency Accommodation: Paths to Reception and Hospitality - Social Housing in Italy Emergency Accommodation: Paths to Reception and Hospitality - Social Housing in Italy Presentation Transcript

    • Emergency accommodation Paths to reception and hospitality Francesca Santaniello Politecnico di Milano, Department of Architecture and Planning fsantaniello@irsonline.it
    • The storyFondazione Cariplo : important grantmaker in Italy [Lombardy]supports housing intervention from the fist half of 90s though:• no profit sector: accomodation for low income people [socalled ‘second reception’]• promotion of a ‘social real estate fund’: housing - low rents [socalled ‘third reception’][datas about homelessness in Lombardy]in 2006 Fondazione Cariplo:• Identifies a new target: homeless people in urgent need• Giving a new interpretation of old response : hostelPromotes an experimental projectIn 2 territories: Milan [+Varese] and Bergamo[support: Architecture and Planning Department of Politecnico di Milano]
    • Aims1.• ‘concentration’ [shelters, dormitories..] = no effectiveness:• micro-facilities [local roots/specificity ]2.• focus on individual projects , support to autonomy• [area based social and individual networks]3.• [but?] in a perspective of temporary night accomodation• [‘ready response’ for urgent needs]4.• ‘light’ management models• [reducing costs through local communities involvment]5.• re-insertion paths based on local networks of services• [social, health, employment, housing…] + local communities
    • Main features1. Context as a variableOne ‘model’ but different projects : characteristics change!2. Experimental approachThe project is not meant as a ‘sure response’ but a possibility to be verify in its impacts and effectiveness3. Project as a processProjects can construct products but above all processes : what is the outcome in term of ideas, networks, other projects triggered [interests by other operators/partners to construct other possibilities…]
    • Resoureces1. MaterialUnused buildings owned by different actors [Curia, Charities, Foundations…] that can be given for a period [no rent]2. FinanciaryFondazione CariploFunding to restore buildings and fornitures [promote flexible spaces/flexible uses]Funding for management start up for 1 year [self-sustainability oriented]3. Capacities and competenciesLocal organizations NGOs, Charities, Parishes – madiated by Caritas and local networks in Social Plans define projects [social profile of beneficiaries, objectives, strategies of intervention…]4. Technical and creativePolitecnicoExperts/workgroup concentrated on the construction of specific, quality oriented and innovative solutions5. Relational [in perspective]
    • 2 contexts/2 modelsElements [from context analysis] for ‘models’ porposedMilanContext• Weak [not existent] public policies in fight against homelessness• Organizations: closed and limited networks• High percentage of big structures [shelters and dormitories]• Reinsertion paths not planned or difficoult to be planned or implementedModel• Immediate response to the ‘urgent need’• No ‘filters’ [no intermediaries]• Neighbourhood basis• Activation of local communities [volountaries] in social support
    • 2 contexts/2 modelsElements [from context analysis] for ‘models’ porposedBergamoContext• Strong network public/private partnership• Cooperation [even if very weak] between social policies and urban policies• Trend: little structures [collective housing]• Reinsertion paths: outcome of public/private partnership and cooperation between organizations [‘system’]Model• Integration of existing ‘reception system’ [improving of the ‘system’]• Filter [intermediaries: other organizations of local ‘system’]• Professional approach to social support
    • Projects and territories1. Analysis and strategiesPolitecnico supports the process [2006/2007]: 2 work groups to defineproject for spaces and fornitures + facilities and management model2. Involvment of organizations [with different backgrounds and experiences!]14 buildings identified [relationships with owners: Curia, Fondazione Misericordia Maggiore]> 14 groups involved in construction of stretegies [filter: Caritas, Social Area Plan l.328/00]3. ‘Enabler’ position [Fondazione Cariplo]Very temporary + very light management4. Construction of solutionsIn action: rise of problems• for buildings: physical and legal constrains• for facilities: adjustments [social profile, organizational models, specific strategies…]5. OutcomesSelection of buildings/organizations > reduct ‘social impact’
    • Different projects for different contextsfour examples [not all of them will be implemented, but will found new funding]1. Bovisasca, MilanoPresentParish > group of volountariesDeveloped experience in social reception [little shelter for homeless people]Weak relationship with public policies and other organizationsProjectSocial profile not defined [all those who are in need]Positive reaction to temporary solutions [asked for the strong demand]No physical, legal constrains on building
    • Different projects for different contextsfour examples [not all of them will be implemented, but will found new funding]2. Caronno Pertusella [Varese]PresentParish > social cooperativeMore structured experience in social receptionWeak relationship with Municilaity, strong with public policies and other organizationsProjectSocial profiole strongly defined [refugees]Quite positive reaction to temporary solutions [already developed more long term ones]High physical and legal constrains on buildings [700s]
    • Different projects for different contextsfour examples [not all of them will be implemented, but will found new funding]3. BergamoPresentHistorical reception facility, long experience [but also innovation]Network linked to Local Social Plan [public/private coordination] + volountary sectorOrientation to social support to authonomyProjectSocial profile not definedNegative reaction to temporary solutions [do not allow reinsertion paths]Physical constrains on building [other flats]
    • Different projects for different contextsfour examples [not all of them will be implemented, but will found new funding]4. Sesto San Giovanni [Milano]PresentParish > no organizationNo experience in social receptionWeak relationship with public policies and other organizationsProjectSocial profiole strongly defined [women who attend elders]No reaction to temporary solutions [weak experience]Process limits in planning of physical intervention
    • Conditions for success[‘system’ perspective]1. Networks already working in an integrate perspective > if not?2. Availability of affordable solutions [more stable and adecuate] > if not?3. Length of stay: short if meant in a wider system of responses [period to understand the problem and set solutions] > if not?
    • Conditions for success[project perspective]1. Other functions can help local community to develop a ‘relationship’ with new facilities and contribute to financial sustainability > how?2. NGOs and local communities able to promote positive path develop of capacities and competences > how?
    • Complementary functions [day/night]
    • Parallel functions [day/night]