Improving Streets and Economic
Development
Mason and Our Housing Future
October 3, 2013
1
Overview
• Introduction
• Healthy
economies
• Examples
– Roaring Fork BRT
– River District
• Questions
2
Smart Growth
Smart growth means building urban,
suburban and rural communities with
housing and transportation choices
n...
3
What I hear about smart growth
Wengen, Switzerland
4
Smart growth is ugly.
Riomaggiore, Italy
5
Mesa Verde, CO
We have no history with it.
6
Nobody would want to live there.
Aspen, CO
7
It just doesn’t work here.
Pearl District, Portland, OR
8
Shut up and drive!
9
The way we design and build our
communities has enormous
consequences
10
1. The market is changing, especially for
housing
2. The recipe for economic growth
is changing
3. We can no longer aff...
11
THE CHANGING MARKET
12
Your community is changing
and preferences and the
market are following.
THE CHANGING MARKET
13
Your community is changing
• There are two demographic changes that
are driving the market and must drive your
decision...
14
Demographic change and
the labor force
0
10,000,000
20,000,000
30,000,000
40,000,000
50,000,000
60,000,000
70,000,000
8...
15
Your community is changing
52%
67%
72%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
1960 2000 2025
households with
children
house...
16
The market: Housing
THE CHANGING MARKET
17
How will your community meets the
needs of
millennials and aging
boomers in order to improve
your competitiveness?
THE ...
18
PROSPERITY
19
The nature of the economy
is changing and so is the role of
communities in economic
growth.
PROSPERITY
20
PROSPERITY
21
The Network City
(city as network)
PROSPERITY
22
The rise of the millennials
and the global economy
are driving the economy.
PROSPERITY
23
The labor force
• Millennials choose where to live before
finding a job.
– 64% looked for a job after they chose the ci...
24
Businesses respond to
changing preferences
• Across the country corporations are
responding to employee preferences and...
25
The labor force
From office space….
PROSPERITY
26
The labor force
….to office settings.
Research Triangle Park, Raleigh, NC
Kendall Square, Cambridge, MA
PROSPERITY
27
Businesses respond to
changing preferences
Zappos, Las Vegas, NV
Hillshire, Chicago, IL
PROSPERITY
28
How can your community take
advantage of the
changing nature of the
economy in order to create
jobs and wealth?
FISCAL ...
29
FISCAL HEALTH
30
How communities
develop affects
costs and revenue.
FISCAL HEALTH
31
Municipal budgets
• Municipal budgets are feeling pressure
• State and federal funds are disappearing
• Costs are escal...
32
Municipal budgets
• A large portion of municipal budgets go to
infrastructure and services.
– building and maintaining
...
33
Municipal budgets
• Costs are not just infrastructure related but
also operations and maintenance.
• Burden usually fal...
34
Municipal budgets
• You have to spend on these things.
• You need to ensure that you are spending
those funds in the mo...
35
Development affects costs
• When it comes to infrastructure costs…
– Compact development development is the
best deal.
...
36
Development affects costs
FISCAL HEALTH
Building infrastructure to serve new development on the fringe can cost the cit...
37
Development affects costs
FISCAL HEALTH
• Compact development offers efficiencies
in regards to services as well.
– Pol...
38
Development affects revenue
FISCAL HEALTH
• When it comes to revenue…
– Compact development is the best deal.
– Low-den...
39
Development affects revenue
FISCAL HEALTH
• The revenue side of things is affected as
well.
Multifamily housing in near...
40
Development affects costs
FISCAL HEALTH
Building infrastructure to serve new development on the fringe can cost the cit...
41
Development affects revenue
FISCAL HEALTH
$0
$20,000
$40,000
$60,000
$80,000
$100,000
$120,000
Wal-Mart Single-Family
R...
42
Development affects revenue
FISCAL HEALTH
Denser development can carry an entire city financially
43
Can your community continue to
subsidize inefficiencies of
development patterns,
while not reaping the
potential reward...
44
Roaring Fork
Transit & Trail
Project
45
Overview of the Roaring Fork
Transportation Authority
46
BRT Service Plan
• Span of Service – at least 14 hours each weekday
• Approximately 1-hour travel time between Glenwood...
47
Branding Characteristics
– RFTA
• Reliable
• Practical
• Hardworking
– VelociRFTA
• Fast
• Fun
• Frequent
48
49
Transit Priority Measures
• Transit Signal Priority
(TSP) at congested
intersections
• Queue Bypass Lanes
at congested
...
50
• ITS Technology
• Real Time Sign Information
• Automated Vehicle Location
• Automated passenger counters
• Automated A...
51
BRT Station Program
• Passenger Shelters
– Ticket vending
– Enclosed waiting
and seating area
– Lighting
• Bicycle Stor...
52
Promoting walking and riding to
VelociRFTA whenever possible
53
The River District
54
Regional Context
• Regional growth
• Metro 2040
• Regional transit
initiatives
55
The Vision Thing
• Complement rather than compete with the CBD
• Relationship to the River
56
Land Use and Transportation
• People not cars
• External connections
• Internal circulation
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
Central City Plan
Portland Streetcar
69
Not the Standard
Engineering Solution…
70
Not just another pretty face . . .
71
Not Just Transportation…
72
But a Powerful Tool
73
For Urban Livability
74
Moving People…
75
Shaping Places…
76
Results
• Over $4 billion in
economic
development
• 15,000 new residents
• 50% non-auto mode
split
• Affordable housing...
77
Results
78
Results
79
Results
80
Results
81
Results
82
Results
83
Results
84
Results
85
Lessons Learned
• Leverage
infrastructure
investment to
achieve public policy
goals
• Involve business
leadership in
cr...
86
We have the freedom to
make
informed, humane, and
intelligent choices about
the kind of world we want
to leave for our ...
87
Thank you!
rmillar@smartgrowthamerica.org
www.smartgrowthamerica.org
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The Mason Corridor & Our Housing Future: Roger Millar of Smart Growth America

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Roger Millar, VP with Smart Growth America, presentation from FCBR's Smart Growth event focused on creating dialog around the on-boarding of the Mason Corridor and it's likely impacts on housing and livability.

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The Mason Corridor & Our Housing Future: Roger Millar of Smart Growth America

  1. 1. Improving Streets and Economic Development Mason and Our Housing Future October 3, 2013
  2. 2. 1 Overview • Introduction • Healthy economies • Examples – Roaring Fork BRT – River District • Questions
  3. 3. 2 Smart Growth Smart growth means building urban, suburban and rural communities with housing and transportation choices near jobs, shops and schools. These strategies support thriving local economies and protect the environment.
  4. 4. 3 What I hear about smart growth Wengen, Switzerland
  5. 5. 4 Smart growth is ugly. Riomaggiore, Italy
  6. 6. 5 Mesa Verde, CO We have no history with it.
  7. 7. 6 Nobody would want to live there. Aspen, CO
  8. 8. 7 It just doesn’t work here. Pearl District, Portland, OR
  9. 9. 8 Shut up and drive!
  10. 10. 9 The way we design and build our communities has enormous consequences
  11. 11. 10 1. The market is changing, especially for housing 2. The recipe for economic growth is changing 3. We can no longer afford to use tax money to subsidize inefficiency We must be aware of 3 important factors affecting the future of our communities
  12. 12. 11 THE CHANGING MARKET
  13. 13. 12 Your community is changing and preferences and the market are following. THE CHANGING MARKET
  14. 14. 13 Your community is changing • There are two demographic changes that are driving the market and must drive your decision making. – The rise of the Millennials. – The aging of the Baby Boomers. THE CHANGING MARKET
  15. 15. 14 Demographic change and the labor force 0 10,000,000 20,000,000 30,000,000 40,000,000 50,000,000 60,000,000 70,000,000 80,000,000 90,000,000 Greatest Generation Baby Boomers Gen X Millenials POPULATION LABOR FORCE PROSPERITY
  16. 16. 15 Your community is changing 52% 67% 72% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 1960 2000 2025 households with children households without children Households with and without children, 1960- 2025 THE CHANGING MARKET
  17. 17. 16 The market: Housing THE CHANGING MARKET
  18. 18. 17 How will your community meets the needs of millennials and aging boomers in order to improve your competitiveness? THE CHANGING MARKET
  19. 19. 18 PROSPERITY
  20. 20. 19 The nature of the economy is changing and so is the role of communities in economic growth. PROSPERITY
  21. 21. 20 PROSPERITY
  22. 22. 21 The Network City (city as network) PROSPERITY
  23. 23. 22 The rise of the millennials and the global economy are driving the economy. PROSPERITY
  24. 24. 23 The labor force • Millennials choose where to live before finding a job. – 64% looked for a job after they chose the city where to live. (Source: U.S. Census) • How people want to work is changing and where they want to work is changing. PROSPERITY
  25. 25. 24 Businesses respond to changing preferences • Across the country corporations are responding to employee preferences and moving to the talent. • They are choosing to relocate from suburban offices to downtown locations. PROSPERITY
  26. 26. 25 The labor force From office space…. PROSPERITY
  27. 27. 26 The labor force ….to office settings. Research Triangle Park, Raleigh, NC Kendall Square, Cambridge, MA PROSPERITY
  28. 28. 27 Businesses respond to changing preferences Zappos, Las Vegas, NV Hillshire, Chicago, IL PROSPERITY
  29. 29. 28 How can your community take advantage of the changing nature of the economy in order to create jobs and wealth? FISCAL HEALTH
  30. 30. 29 FISCAL HEALTH
  31. 31. 30 How communities develop affects costs and revenue. FISCAL HEALTH
  32. 32. 31 Municipal budgets • Municipal budgets are feeling pressure • State and federal funds are disappearing • Costs are escalating • Tax bases have shrunk FISCAL HEALTH
  33. 33. 32 Municipal budgets • A large portion of municipal budgets go to infrastructure and services. – building and maintaining roads, bridges, sewer and water lines, etc – providing fire and police services, trash removal, paratransit, etc FISCAL HEALTH
  34. 34. 33 Municipal budgets • Costs are not just infrastructure related but also operations and maintenance. • Burden usually falls on taxpayers. FISCAL HEALTH
  35. 35. 34 Municipal budgets • You have to spend on these things. • You need to ensure that you are spending those funds in the most effective and efficient manner. • Budgets are not just financial documents – they reveal are goals and what we value. FISCAL HEALTH
  36. 36. 35 Development affects costs • When it comes to infrastructure costs… – Compact development development is the best deal. – Low-density suburban development rarely pays for itself. – It makes sense to reuse existing infrastructure. FISCAL HEALTH
  37. 37. 36 Development affects costs FISCAL HEALTH Building infrastructure to serve new development on the fringe can cost the city up to three times more per acre than urban infill development.
  38. 38. 37 Development affects costs FISCAL HEALTH • Compact development offers efficiencies in regards to services as well. – Police and fire departments have less area to cover. – Fewer miles of road to cover for snow removal and trash pickup.
  39. 39. 38 Development affects revenue FISCAL HEALTH • When it comes to revenue… – Compact development is the best deal. – Low-density suburban development generates much less per acre revenue. – You can increase your property tax base significantly simply by bringing back areas that already exist
  40. 40. 39 Development affects revenue FISCAL HEALTH • The revenue side of things is affected as well. Multifamily housing in near an area’s center can generate nine times more revenue per acre than traditional large-lot, single-family housing on the fringe.
  41. 41. 40 Development affects costs FISCAL HEALTH Building infrastructure to serve new development on the fringe can cost the city up to three times more per acre than urban infill development.
  42. 42. 41 Development affects revenue FISCAL HEALTH $0 $20,000 $40,000 $60,000 $80,000 $100,000 $120,000 Wal-Mart Single-Family Residential Crabtree Valley Mall 3-4 Story Residential 3 Story Office 6-Story Mixed Use Municipal property tax yield (per acre) 2011 Raleigh, NC
  43. 43. 42 Development affects revenue FISCAL HEALTH Denser development can carry an entire city financially
  44. 44. 43 Can your community continue to subsidize inefficiencies of development patterns, while not reaping the potential reward? FISCAL HEALTH
  45. 45. 44 Roaring Fork Transit & Trail Project
  46. 46. 45 Overview of the Roaring Fork Transportation Authority
  47. 47. 46 BRT Service Plan • Span of Service – at least 14 hours each weekday • Approximately 1-hour travel time between Glenwood Springs and Aspen • Local valley bus service to continue every 30 minutes • BRT service levels may be modified during the off- season and according to demand
  48. 48. 47 Branding Characteristics – RFTA • Reliable • Practical • Hardworking – VelociRFTA • Fast • Fun • Frequent
  49. 49. 48
  50. 50. 49 Transit Priority Measures • Transit Signal Priority (TSP) at congested intersections • Queue Bypass Lanes at congested intersections • Use of Existing Bus/HOV & Exclusive Bus lanes
  51. 51. 50 • ITS Technology • Real Time Sign Information • Automated Vehicle Location • Automated passenger counters • Automated Annunciators • Electronic Fare Collection • Mobile Wi-Fi service • Route Map Integration • System Map Integration • Schedule Integration • Community Information Information Program
  52. 52. 51 BRT Station Program • Passenger Shelters – Ticket vending – Enclosed waiting and seating area – Lighting • Bicycle Storage – Covered and uncovered • Outside Seating • Landscaping • Trash and Recycling • Optional Elements – Parking – Restroom Facilities Carbondale BRT Station
  53. 53. 52 Promoting walking and riding to VelociRFTA whenever possible
  54. 54. 53 The River District
  55. 55. 54 Regional Context • Regional growth • Metro 2040 • Regional transit initiatives
  56. 56. 55 The Vision Thing • Complement rather than compete with the CBD • Relationship to the River
  57. 57. 56 Land Use and Transportation • People not cars • External connections • Internal circulation
  58. 58. 57
  59. 59. 58
  60. 60. 59
  61. 61. 60
  62. 62. 61
  63. 63. 62
  64. 64. 63
  65. 65. 64
  66. 66. 65
  67. 67. 66
  68. 68. 67 Central City Plan
  69. 69. Portland Streetcar
  70. 70. 69 Not the Standard Engineering Solution…
  71. 71. 70 Not just another pretty face . . .
  72. 72. 71 Not Just Transportation…
  73. 73. 72 But a Powerful Tool
  74. 74. 73 For Urban Livability
  75. 75. 74 Moving People…
  76. 76. 75 Shaping Places…
  77. 77. 76 Results • Over $4 billion in economic development • 15,000 new residents • 50% non-auto mode split • Affordable housing and urban design goals achieved
  78. 78. 77 Results
  79. 79. 78 Results
  80. 80. 79 Results
  81. 81. 80 Results
  82. 82. 81 Results
  83. 83. 82 Results
  84. 84. 83 Results
  85. 85. 84 Results
  86. 86. 85 Lessons Learned • Leverage infrastructure investment to achieve public policy goals • Involve business leadership in creating a legacy
  87. 87. 86 We have the freedom to make informed, humane, and intelligent choices about the kind of world we want to leave for our children and grandchildren. We also have the freedom to make uninformed, selfish, and stupid choices. Which will it be? - Greg Pahl
  88. 88. 87 Thank you! rmillar@smartgrowthamerica.org www.smartgrowthamerica.org
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