FAST Plan pt 1: The Need for a New Transit Plan

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The FAST Plan was developed by a collaboration of community groups an an alternative to the official regional transit plan in order to apply cutting-edge principles to developing a more effective, world-class transit system for the San Diego metropolitan region.

Part I addresses the need for a better plan, one better matched to San Diego's geography, urban form, trip patterns, and market demand.

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FAST Plan pt 1: The Need for a New Transit Plan

  1. 1. F.A.S.T. Plan December 2013 Financially Achievable — Saves Time An affordable approach to creating a more effective and user-friendly transit system Part I Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit Produced under the auspices of Move San Diego, Inc., and the Scripps Ranch/Miramar Ranch North Traffic Reduction Project. © 2008 by The Mission Group © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 1
  2. 2. The FAST Plan 1 2 3 Why We Need a Background New Approach to Public Transit How to Create a World Class Transit System The Plan: Central 4 5 6 The Plan: South County 7 The Plan: I-15 Corridor © 2013 by The Mission Group The Plan The Plan: Mid-City & East County 8 The Plan: Greater Golden Triangle 9 The Plan: North County Results: The Results Costs & Benefits of the FAST Plan FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 2
  3. 3. Why do we need transit? © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 3
  4. 4. You Are Here. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 4
  5. 5. An effective transit system— one that attracts a large share of current drivers—can add immeasurably to regional quality of life and allow families to reduce what they must spend on transportation. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 5
  6. 6. But will San Diegans ever use transit? Didn’t I hear that only 2% of people use transit? © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 6
  7. 7. How Many People Use Transit? Transit Trips, 2% All Other Trips, 98% 2% of Daily Trips Not 2% of People!! © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 7
  8. 8. How Many People Use Transit? Transit Trips, 2% All Other Trips, 98% 2% of Daily Trips In Any Given Week 1 in 8 People Ride © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 8
  9. 9. How Many People Use Transit? Transit Trips, 2% All Other Trips, 98% In Any Given Week In Any Given Month 1 in 8 People Ride 2% of Daily Trips 1 in 4 People Ride © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 9
  10. 10. How Many People Use Transit? Transit Trips, 2% All Other Trips, 98% 2% of Daily Trips In Any Given Week In Any Given Month In Any Given Year 1 in 8 People Ride 1 in 4 People Ride 3 in 5 People Ride Source: SANDAG surveys © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 10
  11. 11. San Diegans ride transit when it’s convenient and useful for them to do so. The challenge, therefore, is to make transit more useful and convenient to more people. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 11
  12. 12. Don’t we already have an extensive regional transit plan? Why would we need a better plan? © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 12
  13. 13. SANDAG’s Regional Transportation Plan 2050 (RTP) A 40-year, $214 billion plan. $20.4 billion (2010 $) in new transit capital projects. $19.4 billion (2010 $) for transit operations. Major projects include new trolley (light rail) lines, arterial “rapid bus,” freeway-based “Bus Rapid Transit,” and Streetcar lines. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 13
  14. 14. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 14
  15. 15. The Plan looks extensive. So what’s the problem? © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 15
  16. 16. At the level of a small diagram, the new regional transit plan looks extensive enough. But a deeper look reveals that the transit system will still be slow, poorly located, and cumbersome for too many trips for too many people too much of the time. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 16
  17. 17. Smartphones are a good analogy for the problem. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 17
  18. 18. Our Regional Transit Plan is like the old Windows Mobile operating system. It appears to do much that later iPhone and Android phones do—but in a clunky and non-intuitive manner. The iPhone attracted huge numbers of new users. Why? Because it was easier to use and better met people’s needs. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 18
  19. 19. If Your Goal Is to: © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 19
  20. 20. If Your Goal Is to: A. Significantly increase transit use.  Especially among the crucial “middle market.” © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 20
  21. 21. If Your Goal Is to: A. Significantly increase transit use. B. Get more people to their jobs. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 21
  22. 22. If Your Goal Is to: A. Significantly increase transit use. B. Get more people to their jobs. Then You Need to: © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 22
  23. 23. If Your Goal Is to: A. Significantly increase transit use. B. Get more people to their jobs. Then You Need to: 1. Better serve existing urban form.  Get closer to where people ARE and get them much closer to where they are GOING. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 23
  24. 24. If Your Goal Is to: A. Significantly increase transit use. B. Get more people to their jobs. Then You Need to: 1. Better serve existing urban form. 2. Make transit faster. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 24
  25. 25. If Your Goal Is to: A. Significantly increase transit use. B. Get more people to their jobs. Then You Need to: 1. Better serve existing urban form. 2. Make transit faster. 3. Improve the customer experience. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 25
  26. 26. The Regional Transportation Plan contains $14 billion in light rail (Trolley) projects. Will this investment help us achieve our goals for a fast, convenient system? © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 26
  27. 27. “The Trolley is really popular with San Diegans… …they’re just not riding it.” — Job Nelson, reporting on the KPBS/Competitive Edge Survey of San Diegans, Full Focus , July 2005 © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 27
  28. 28. Problem #1: The Trolley, as we’ve built it, just doesn’t attract enough people out of their cars. Here are the facts… © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 28
  29. 29. “Choice Riders” on the Trolley % of Trolley Riders Who “Had an Auto Available” for Their Trip 100% 80% 60% City Bus 40% (25%) 20% 0% 1995 In 1995, only about 1/3 of Trolley riders (and ¼ of bus riders) claimed they could have taken a car. Source: SANDAG © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 29
  30. 30. “Choice Riders” on the Trolley % of Trolley Riders Who “Had an Auto Available” for Their Trip 100% By 2003, with Trolley expansions to Old Town, Mission Valley, and Santee… the number was unchanged. 80% 60% City Bus 40% (25%) 20% 0% 1995 2003 Source: SANDAG © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 30
  31. 31. “Choice Riders” on the Trolley % of Trolley Riders Who “Had an Auto Available” for Their Trip 100% 80% By 2009, with the Trolley to SDSU… the number was still unchanged. 60% City Bus 40% (25%) 20% 0% 1995 2003 2009 Source: SANDAG © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 31
  32. 32. “Choice Riders” on the Trolley As popular as the Trolley is, it isn’t attracting a large number of additional people from their cars, even with major expansions. Why not? Travel Time © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 32
  33. 33. “Choice Riders” on the Trolley As popular as the Trolley is, it isn’t attracting a large number of additional people from their cars, even with major expansions. Why not? Travel Time © 2013 by The Mission Group Door-to-door journey times are still way too long for most people. FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 33
  34. 34. “Choice Riders” on the Trolley As popular as the Trolley is, it isn’t attracting a large number of additional people from their cars, even with major expansions. Why not? Travel Time © 2013 by The Mission Group Station Access Stations still aren’t close enough to origins and destinations. FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 34
  35. 35. “Choice Riders” on the Trolley As popular as the Trolley is, it isn’t attracting a large number of additional people from their cars, even with major expansions. Why not? Travel Time Station Access Trip Patterns All those new lines still aren’t aligned with actual trip patterns. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 35
  36. 36. They Trolley, in fact, does not attract a market different than that of the city bus. A true rapid transit system would attract larger numbers of middle-income riders. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 36
  37. 37. Income Level of Transit Riders MTS Bus riders are overwhelmingly low income. 50% MTS Bus 40% 30% 20% 10% Source: SANDAG, “Results of the 2009 Onboard Transit Passenger Survey for the San Diego Region,” (February, 2011). © 2013 by The Mission Group 0% Househol d Income Below $15k $15k <$25k $25k <$50k $50k - $75k - $100k <$75k <$100k and Up FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 37
  38. 38. Income Level of Transit Riders The Commuter Rail attracts a much higherincome ridership. 50% MTS Bus Commuter Rail 40% 30% 20% 10% Source: SANDAG, “Results of the 2009 Onboard Transit Passenger Survey for the San Diego Region,” (February, 2011). © 2013 by The Mission Group 0% Househol d Income Below $15k $15k <$25k $25k <$50k $50k - $75k - $100k <$75k <$100k and Up FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 38
  39. 39. Income Level of Transit Riders Premium Express (freeway) buses attract the same market as the commuter rail. 50% MTS Bus Commuter Rail Freeway Bus 40% 30% 20% 10% Source: SANDAG, “Results of the 2009 Onboard Transit Passenger Survey for the San Diego Region,” (February, 2011). © 2013 by The Mission Group 0% Househol d Income Below $15k $15k <$25k $25k <$50k $50k - $75k - $100k <$75k <$100k and Up FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 39
  40. 40. Income Level of Transit Riders The San Diego Trolley (light rail) attracts the identical lowincome market of the MTS Bus. 50% MTS Bus Light Rail Commuter Rail Freeway Bus 40% 30% 20% 10% Source: SANDAG, “Results of the 2009 Onboard Transit Passenger Survey for the San Diego Region,” (February, 2011). © 2013 by The Mission Group 0% Househol d Income Below $15k $15k <$25k $25k <$50k $50k - $75k - $100k <$75k <$100k and Up FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 40
  41. 41. Do we want to create a rapid transit system that would serve San Diego’s broader market? Then we can’t just keep doing more of the same. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 41
  42. 42. Problem #2: Travel times are often excessive with a traditional rapid transit network (be it light rail or “rapid bus”) for a city laid out like San Diego, meaning the system will not attract as many choice riders. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 42
  43. 43. Let’s take an example: going from the heart of the Grantville Redevelopment Area to a 3:00 pm meeting downtown. At what time would you need to leave your origin to arrive on time? © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 43
  44. 44. 6 M IL ES How Much Time Do You Have? Trolley Station © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 44
  45. 45. How Much Time Do You Have? 3:00 1:55 1:50 2:04 6 M IL ES To make it on time to your 3:00 pm meeting, you’d need to catch the 2:04 pm Trolley—meaning you’d need to walk out of your office around 1:50 pm, 70 minutes before the actual meeting! Source for times: Best case light rail trip from www.sdcommute.com © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 45
  46. 46. Problem #3: San Diego’s land uses generally aren’t arranged along straight lines, making them difficult to serve effectively with single lines (such as much light rail or BRT). Here is a concrete example… © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 46
  47. 47. Mission Valley illustrates the problem of creating effective transit in San Diego. According to some measures, it’s our region’s second largest office market. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 47
  48. 48. Mission Valley Mission Valley, because it’s long and linear, seemed like it would be a good fit for the Trolley. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 48
  49. 49. Mission Valley Here, we’ve drawn a ¼ mile radius around each station— a theoretical five minute walk. On the destination end of a work trip, most people aren’t even willing to walk that far. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 49
  50. 50. Mission Valley Now we’re showing just the land within that ¼ mile radius that’s actually accessible to a trolley station. Close to half the land within ¼ mile is NOT accessible. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 50
  51. 51. Mission Valley Location of major office employment in Mission Valley With only a couple of exceptions, nearly all of the major office employment in Mission Valley is inconvenient to a Trolley station. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 51
  52. 52. In other words, after spending $ ¾ billion on building light rail through Mission Valley, you can’t conveniently get to your office job. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 52
  53. 53. These next set of maps depict our household density in 2000, using a ¼ mile grid (about a 5-minute walk). If transit isn’t touching a grid cell, it’s probably too far to be convenient for most people in adjacent cells. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 53
  54. 54. San Diego: Household Density Households per Acre © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 54
  55. 55. San Diego: Household Density Planned Households per Acre Existing Light Rail (Trolley) © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 55
  56. 56. A transit solution in the Mid-Coast would need to get people into and out of the beach communities, as well as to/ from and around the greater Golden Triangle. Even if you build a Mid-Coast light rail, you would still need to go back and make significant new investments just to solve this challenge. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 56
  57. 57. Bottom Line: As much as we like the Trolley, and however successful or popular it may appear to be it cannot possibly hope to reach into enough places and transport people quickly enough to transform the role of transit in this region. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 57
  58. 58. “Traditional” Rapid Transit “Rapid Bus” (BRT Lite) Trolley (Light Rail) With light rail and many forms of Bus Rapid Transit, transit networks generally resemble pearls on a string, with vehicles stopping at every station. If you’re traveling a longer distance—and most San Diegans are—your trip becomes too long, with too many transfers and too many stops. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 58
  59. 59. “Traditional” Rapid Transit If you board here © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 59
  60. 60. “Traditional” Rapid Transit To arrive here © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 60
  61. 61. “Traditional” Rapid Transit Board and ride five stops. © 2013 by The Mission Group 1 FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 61
  62. 62. “Traditional” Rapid Transit Transfer between modes. 2 © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 62
  63. 63. “Traditional” Rapid Transit Board and ride five stops. 3 © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 63
  64. 64. “Traditional” Rapid Transit Transfer between trains. 4 © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 64
  65. 65. “Traditional” Rapid Transit 5 © 2013 by The Mission Group Board and ride two stops. FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 65
  66. 66. “Traditional” Rapid Transit 6 © 2013 by The Mission Group Transfer between modes. FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 66
  67. 67. “Traditional” Rapid Transit 7 © 2013 by The Mission Group Board and ride four stops. FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 67
  68. 68. Faster: Express Routes An express network is faster, especially when it is designed to reach into neighborhoods and major job sites. Express routes can behave as Rapid Bus, then travel non-stop between major stations, then distribute at a major destination zone. To be feasible, they need to attract enough riders, and that depends on connectivity with other express routes. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 68
  69. 69. Faster: Express Routes © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 69
  70. 70. Faster: Express Routes Board and ride six stops. Doesn’t stop at intervening stations © 2013 by The Mission Group 1 FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 70
  71. 71. Faster: Express Routes Same Platform Transfer. 2 © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 71
  72. 72. Faster: Express Routes 3 © 2013 by The Mission Group Ride five stops. FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 72
  73. 73. SuperStations In an effective express network, “SuperStations” become the hubs of the system, where both all-stops and express routes converge. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 73
  74. 74. What about the freeway-based Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) in our Regional Transportation Plan? Is that the kind of express network you’re talking about? © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 74
  75. 75. San Diego Freeway-Based BRT Bus in mixed traffic; any incident and bus is held up, too. A lot of time is lost accessing off-line stations. Slower service attracts fewer riders AND costs more to operate. Too many delays; poorly located stations © 2013 by The Mission Group Brisbane “Quickway” Straight-line in and out; faster and better. Grade-separated busway (Quickway) used only by transit and emergency services—more reliable and quicker. Stations are in-line. FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 75
  76. 76. San Diego Freeway-Based BRT Passenger unfriendly stations. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 76
  77. 77. Coffeeshop linked to station Shelter from sun & occasional rain No obstructions Shelter from wind Brisbane: Passenger-friendly stations © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 77
  78. 78. San Diego Freeway-Based BRT Lack of infrastructure once off freeway leads to delays and poor customer experience: you’re still just waiting by the side of the road, and transit is still in traffic. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 78
  79. 79. What about “Arterial Rapid Bus?” © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 79
  80. 80. Arterial Rapid Bus Many trips will require multiple transfers Service will still be slow in congested areas Arterial rapid bus, as being planned, is a step above local bus service—but is a far cry from rapid transit, despite it being named “rapid.” © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 80
  81. 81. Arterial Rapid Bus: High Speed? From the official Rapid Bus website: Mid-City Rapid will be a high-speed, limited-stop bus service between San Diego State University and Downtown San Diego… a fast and reliable way to get around… © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 81
  82. 82. Arterial Rapid Bus: High Speed? From the official Rapid Bus website: SDSU to Santa Fe Depot Distance: Travel Time: Average Speed: Travel Time on Trolley: 9.5 miles 38 mins 15 mph 32 mins Mid-City Rapid will be a high-speed, limited-stop bus service between San Diego State University and Downtown San Diego… a fast and reliable way to get around… © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 82
  83. 83. Arterial Rapid Bus: High Speed? From the official Rapid Bus website: SDSU to Santa Fe Depot Distance: Travel Time: Average Speed: Travel Time on Trolley: Mid-City Rapid will be a high-speed, limited-stop bus service between San Diego State University and Downtown San Diego… a fast and reliable way to get around… © 2013 by The Mission Group 9.5 miles 38 mins 15 mph 32 mins Our approach to “Rapid Bus” is still… slow. What would the market consider “high speed”? FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 83
  84. 84. Why not just emulate a successful European city? © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 84
  85. 85. Some local advocates for improved transit argue that we should emulate a city such as Bordeaux, France, which has developed a model tramway system as depicted here. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 85
  86. 86. San Diego, to identical scale as Bordeaux map, showing Bordeaux’s tram lines (flipped to fit San Diego’s orientation) superimposed. They reach just from Old Town to National City. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 86
  87. 87. Bordeaux, at same scale as San Diego map, showing tram lines superimposed on San Diego (with our Trolley lines in red). © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 87
  88. 88. Weighted brown lines show number of trips between Downtown and origin zone. San Diego’s light rail system extends over a much larger area, with excessive trip times as a result—and it doesn’t always effectively serve many of the communities it passes through, let alone areas far from lines. Bottom line: San Diego does not resemble a compact European city. What may work well in our core doesn’t solve our regional problem! Bordeaux, at same scale as San Diego map, showing tram lines superimposed on San Diego (with our Trolley lines in red). © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 88
  89. 89. So how DO we develop an effective local transit plan? © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 89
  90. 90. We start with what we know about San Diegans and what makes them decide to choose a transit option. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 90
  91. 91. What Attracts New Transit Riders? SAN DIEGO 1/6 strongly prefer transit 1/6 will never use transit Source: 2000 MTDB Survey of San Diegans © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 91
  92. 92. What Attracts New Transit Riders? SAN DIEGO 1/6 strongly prefer transit © 2013 by The Mission Group 2/3 will use transit if and when it meets their needs: 1/6 will never use transit FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 92
  93. 93. What Attracts New Transit Riders? SAN DIEGO 1/6 strongly prefer transit 2/3 will use transit if and when it meets their needs: 1/6 will never use transit “Get me from point A to point B…” A © 2013 by The Mission Group B FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 93
  94. 94. What Attracts New Transit Riders? SAN DIEGO 1/6 strongly prefer transit 2/3 will use transit if and when it meets their needs: “… quickly and don’t make me wait…” “Get me from point A to point B…” A B NEXT VEHICLE: < 10 © 2013 by The Mission Group 1/6 will never use transit minutes FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 94
  95. 95. What Attracts New Transit Riders? SAN DIEGO 1/6 strongly prefer transit 2/3 will use transit if and when it meets their needs: “… quickly and don’t make me wait…” “Get me from point A to point B…” A B “…and I want to feel good about it.” NEXT VEHICLE: < 10 © 2013 by The Mission Group 1/6 will never use transit minutes FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 95
  96. 96. What Attracts New Transit Riders? SAN DIEGO 1/6 strongly prefer transit “Get me from point A to point B…” Network A Structure B (Connectivity) © 2013 by The Mission Group 2/3 will use transit if and when it meets their needs: “… quickly and don’t make me wait…” 1/6 will never use transit “…and I want to feel good about it.” System NEXT VEHICLE: Performance <(Time) 10 minutes Customer Experience FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 96
  97. 97. In other words: faster, more direct, more convenient, less waiting, and improved experience. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 97
  98. 98. How do you make transit that much faster, pervasive, and more convenient? © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 98
  99. 99. Here’s how: A true regional express network. Better-designed stations. Better-located stations. Improved frequencies. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 99
  100. 100. Has any comparable city recently done this? © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 100
  101. 101. Brisbane: A Model City “Brisbane is now at the leading edge in urban mass transit… the new busway… will attract international attention for the level of quality and customer focus that [has been] incorporated.” © 2013 by The Mission Group — Hans Rat, Secretary General International Public Transport Association (IUTP) FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 101
  102. 102. Brisbane—Southeast Busway The Challenge: Brisbane has an extensive electrified commuter rail system, but they faced a real problem: people who didn’t live by train stations were a lot less likely to ride the train than people who did… and most people didn’t live by a station! © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 102
  103. 103. Brisbane—Southeast Busway The Solution: A system of gradeseparated busways (Quickways) with stations spaced every mile, passing lanes at stations, and high-speed geometries. With no cross-traffic and no pedestrians, fast travel times are possible. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 103
  104. 104. Brisbane—Southeast Busway The Solution: Brisbane’s Quickways not don’t behave just like a rail line, but support an extensive network of express services that reach into neighborhoods, get on the Quickway, but stop only at major destinations. The result? Travel times at peak hours faster than driving. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 104
  105. 105. Grade separation = no cross traffic, leading to faster and more reliable travel times. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 105
  106. 106. Tunnels and fly-overs let transit avoid congestion and place stations in optimal locations. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 106
  107. 107. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 107
  108. 108. In this case, a hospital wing was built floating over the Quickway station, which was integrated into the hospital. This tight integration drives ridership higher. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 108
  109. 109. Bikeways and bike storage facilities are built into several Quickway stations. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 109
  110. 110. An elevated station links directly into Brisbane’s largest hospital. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 110
  111. 111. This bridge is just for transit, pedestrians, and bicycles. It connects a large university campus with the Quickway network. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 111
  112. 112. Because Quickways aggregate many routes together, frequencies are high—and waiting times tend to be much shorter than on equivalent light rail or BRT systems. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 112
  113. 113. This underground station in Brisbane’s downtown keeps passengers separated from transit vehicles. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 113
  114. 114. This underground station in Brisbane’s downtown keeps passengers separated from transit vehicles. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 114
  115. 115. Passengers board buses through sliding glass doors. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 115
  116. 116. Comparison: Peak Ridership at the Busiest Spot during the Busiest Hour in the Peak Direction 7,800 18,000 2,700 6-Lane Freeway Southeast Busway (2-lane) SD Trolley © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 116
  117. 117. Comparison: Peak Ridership 7,800 at the Busiest Spot during the Busiest Hour in the Peak Direction 18,000 2,700 At its busiest point, the Southeast Busway is moving more than twice as many people as the adjacent freeway and more than six times as many passengers as the San Diego Trolley at its busiest point. 6-Lane Freeway © 2013 by The Mission Group Southeast Busway (2-lane) SD Trolley FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 117
  118. 118. Brisbane: Ridership Growth 2008 Ridership: Rail: 60 million Busway: 50 million 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 2003 © 2013 by The Mission Group 2009 FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 118
  119. 119. Brisbane: Ridership Growth 2008 Ridership: 160% Rail: 60 million Busway: 50 million 140% + 60% 120% 2010 Ridership: Busway: 72 million 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 2003 © 2013 by The Mission Group 2009 FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 119
  120. 120. Brisbane: Ridership Growth 2008 Ridership: 160% Rail: 60 million Busway: 50 million 140% + 60% 120% 2010 Ridership: Busway: 72 million 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% The creation of just 13 miles of Quickway enabled Brisbane to support a robust express network that led to a massive increase in transit ridership. 2003 © 2013 by The Mission Group 2009 FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 120
  121. 121. The FAST Plan is modeled on Brisbane’s successful approach to transit for a dispersed metro area like San Diego. © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 121
  122. 122. In Part II of this presentation, we’ll show you the elements of the FAST Plan and how we put them together to fashion a world-class transit system . © 2013 by The Mission Group FAST Plan Pt 1: Why We Need a New Approach to Public Transit 122

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