Sustainable Intensification: A New Paradigm for African agriculture (Montpellier Panel)
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Sustainable Intensification: A New Paradigm for African agriculture (Montpellier Panel)

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  • Title of the conference open to the public :
    “NOURISH AFRICA: FUTURE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE INNOVATION”
    Goals
    - Finding innovation pathways for Ecological Agriculture and drop down food insecurity
    - Horizon 2020 new challenges & opportunities between Europe and Africa
    Themes :
    -Strengthening capacity building's alliances for transforming Agro food productivity .
    - Developing criteria and capacity for modernizing agriculture
    -Building competency networks in modernizing agro-food to overcome hunger and malnutrition
    --Growing resilience between Agriculture -Nutrition and Health within a gender approach.
    -Advancing in bio-green economy and blu-ocean innovation priorities in Africa
    --------------------------
    The Nutra Africa Conference will attend ; project's partners and stakeholders, and representatives of Regional. National or International ,organizations, researches policy makers, jounalists, and SME's of other members of private business sectors.
    Languages of the conference : both Italian and English without translation
    The public conference is open and without any fee.
    MACRO-PROGRAM
    • Premeeting H. 16.00-18.00 2014-April 10 afternoon:
    • private project’s “consensus meeting”, restricted to invited project's partners and stakeholders. Theme: Finalizing the NUTRA-AFRICA proposal on the call “Horizon 2020 - SFS.6.2014: Sustainable intensification pathways of agro-food systems in Africa. This partners’meeting will be held c/ o Regione Toscana VENUE: HALL Barbarossa - Palazzo Cerretani - I FLAT - Piazza dell'Unità 1 –Firenze (very near to the centralstation of SMN-in Florence)

    • 9.00-13.30 2014/April 11 , morning: public conference, opened to all interested: representatives of Regional, National and International organizations, researches policy makers, journalists, SMEs or other members of private business sectors.
    PRELIMINARY PROGRAM :
    NUTRA AFRICA (NOURISH AFRICA) PUBLIC CONFERENCE 11th March 2014 : FIRENZE (IT) c/O Auditorium ECRF. ORGANIZED by EGOCREANET. Preliminary program :

    9.00- 9.15 Welcome od Authorities . Prof. Marco Bellandi – Prorettore Trasferimento Tecnologico e Presidente IUF –UNIFI.
    9.15-9.30 : Introdution of the Conference : Paolo Manzelli , President of EGOCREANET : ' Schifting paradigm of Agro-food Innovation in Africa'. (*)

    9.30 -10.00 OPENING OF THE CONFERENCE dr Raffalele de Lutio Ministry of Foreing Affairs V.Director of a DGMO 13 , Mondialization of MFA for Africa .Concept Paper on SUPPORTING THE AGRI-FOOD SECTOR IN AFRICAN SUBSAHARAN. Seehttp://www.esteri.it/.../Concept_paper_Agric_SSA_final...
    10.00-10.20 Prof Marco Bindi : Agriculture UNIV. Fitrenze :The role of climate change on the agricultural development of African countries: impacts and adaptation strategies'10.20-10.40 - Leonardo Cannizzaro National Council of Research : 'Advancing in blu-ocean innovation priorities in Africa'. 10.40-11.00- Prof Bruno Biavati -Agriculture Dpt. Univ.of Bologna: 'Development of knowledge about fermented foods used in Africa.'11.00-11.20- Prof Mario Tredici , Agriculture University of Florence , “'Microalgae: a novel source of high-quality food ingredients to combat malnutrition in Africa'11.20-11.40 Roland Poms - ICC ( International . Crops Corporation _ Austria ) CCI partnership for Africa Agriculture innovation 11.40-12.00 , David Alejandro Solano Grima, - Forest Sciences Centre of Catalonia (ES) and National Institute for Agricultural and Food Research and Technology (INIA) “The contribution of sustainable forestry and agroforestry to food security”,12.00-12.20 - R. C. Gatti, A.Bombelli, CMCC - IAFENT, Viterbo : “CMCC research activites in Africa”; 12.20-12.40 –Mauro Perini .Water Right Foundation 'Towards expo 2015: knowin water to nourish the planet ' ; 12.40 13.00 Roberto Negri : NGO VISIS President : 'Visis, by volunteering a witness from Africa'
    12.40 -13.00 -Closing lecture :Prof. Donato Romano . Faculty Of Economy University of Florence.'The development of agriculture as a contribution to food and nutrition security in Sub-Saharan Africa'
    13.00 -13.30 -EFB Consultant Presentation : 'Europe for Business: our role in the project'

    2014/March/11.https://www.facebook.com/groups/483765628411000
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    Sustainable Intensification: A New Paradigm for African agriculture (Montpellier Panel) Sustainable Intensification: A New Paradigm for African agriculture (Montpellier Panel) Presentation Transcript

    • Sustainable Intensification: A New Paradigm for African Agriculture 2013 Montpellier Panel Report
    • Crop yields, 1960-2010
    • Definition • Sustainable Intensification : More outputs with more efficient use of all inputs – on a durable basis – while reducing environmental damage and building resilience, natural capital and the flow of environmental services. • For instance: – Increased production, income, nutrition or other returns – On the same amount of, or less, land and water, – With efficient and prudent use of inputs, – Minimising greenhouse gas emissions, – While increasing natural capital and the flow of environmental services, – Strengthening resilience and Reducing environmental impact, – Through innovative technologies and processes
    • Inputs of SI
    • Outputs from SI
    • Microdosing in Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso Each microdose consists of a six- gram mix of phosphorus and nitrogen fertiliser, which just fills the cap of a soda bottle, and is then poured into each hole before the seed is planted. • equates to using only four kg/ha, • Millet yields increased by over 50% and crops are better able to absorb water
    • Zai system Farmers first dig medium-sized holes (or zais) in rows across the fields during the dry season. • Water loss through drainage is limited • In Burkina Faso, grain yield increases of 120% equating to around 80,000 tons of extra grain per year • The labour in the first year is quite high, but after that farmers may reuse the holes or dig more between the existing ones. • A key factor in the spread of zai adoption was the student-teacher system led by the innovators of the technique to train farmers.
    • Agroforestry Home gardens • Offer great diversity of useful plants and small livestock in a small area, cultivated in intricate relationships with one another. • often a sustainable source of a variety of nutritious foods for family consumption. • For example, Farm Africa and its partners are working to develop cropping of, and markets for, African indigenous vegetables (AIVs) in Tanzania and Kenya as important sources of nutrients and income. Faidherbia trees • Sheds its leaves in the wet season, thereby providing nutrients to the soil below and allowing for light to pass through. As a consequence it is possible to plant and grow maize under the trees. • Yields can be over three tons/ha even without fertilisers, depending on the nitrogen fixed by the trees. • The trees also contribute two tons or more per hectare of carbon to the soil and mature trees can store over 30 tons of carbon per hectare.
    • New Rice for Africa (NERICA) • Crossing between Asian and African rice species through conventional breeding, • Grow well in drought-prone and upland conditions, as well as being resistant to local pests and diseases, and tolerant of poor nutrient conditions and mineral toxicity. • show early vigorous growth and crowd out weeds. • Result of collaboration with Chinese scientists providing a new tissue culture method involving the use of coconut oil, which proved highly successful • Because of the higher yields of the new varieties Uganda was able to reduce its rice imports by half and farmers’ incomes increased.
    • Orange-fleshed sweet potatoes in Mozambique • Sweet potatoes grow well on marginal land but are white-fleshed in Mozambique, meaning they are rich in carbohydrates but lacking in beta- carotene, which our bodies convert into vitamin A. • To overcome this deficiency, beta- carotene rich, orange-fleshed varieties of sweet potato were introduced • By 2005 half a million households had received improved planting material. • By 2011, 15 new drought-resistant varieties were released, capable of producing up to 15 tons/ha. • Adoption rates are high, including amongst women and children, with nearly a doubling of daily intake of beta- carotene and significant increases in vitamin A.
    • Faso Jigi in Mali Faso Jigi was set up in 1995 with the aim of assisting smallholder producers of cereals and shallots in marketing their products by: • Reducing transaction costs through economies of scale in storage and transportation, • Disseminating market information to smallholders, • Enabling access to technical advice, • Making collective purchases of inputs, • Advancing credit to smallholders against a commitment to deliver, and • Creating an insurance fund. Since its establishment, over 5,000 farmers in 134 cooperatives have become involved. Wholesalers prefer sourcing from Faso Jigi and are willing to pay higher prices because the association offers centralisation of stocks, better quality of storage facilities and accessibility.
    • Recommendations  Adopt policies and plans that combine intensification with sustainable solutions and a focus on the food security needs of people  Increase financial support for global and domestic research and innovation to develop and identify suitable technologies and processes  Scale up and out of appropriate and effective technologies and processes  Increase investment in rural agricultural market systems and linkages that support the spread and demand for Sustainable Intensification  Emphasise greater access to inputs, credit, land and water rights for smallholder  Build on and share the expertise of African smallholder farmers in the practice of Sustainable Intensification.