The Kigali Movement: Origins, Progress & Prospects


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The Kigali Movement: Origins, Progress & Prospects

  1. 1. The Kigali Movement: Origins, Progress & Prospects By Ojijo, Nelson K. Olang’o FARA
  2. 2. The Rugged African Terrain • FAO - sustained food crisis and listing in low-income-food-deficit countries • UNDP – three temporal stages based on intervention needs • 22 countries subscribe to 2PC; 80% of in SSA (FAO, 2010); Somalia, The Sudans, Guinea, Congo Brazzaville, and DRC • Prospects of more above the Sahara in the wake of the Arab Spring
  3. 3. Why Focus on 2PC Countries? • Violence and hostilities under conflict situations engender: – Loss of human life, displacement and emigration – Destruction of livelihood support systems, physical infrastructure, the environment – Impairment of social, economic, governance and political institutions – Dysfunctional markets, uncertainties and lack of organized productive activities
  4. 4. Why Focus on 2PC Countries? • These circumstances inevitably lead to deprivation of basic human needs such as: – shelter, food, and opportunities for self growth and development • Conflicts and crises thus perpetuate dependency and loss of human dignity and are a setback to the achievement of UN’s MDGs
  5. 5. Why Focus on 2PC Countries? • The immediate role of the international community must be to: –avert conflicts and crises –provide humanitarian assistance –broker peace agreements –mediate reconstruction –promote sustenance of peace through demonstrable ‘peace dividends’
  6. 6. Social, economic, political, governance institutions Productive activities and enterprise Post-conflict environment
  7. 7. Agriculture in the 2PC environment • Resettling populations depend on agriculture for livelihoods, nutrition and food security • Source of employment e.g. for resettling rural folk • Provide raw materials for agro-industries • Enable foreign exchange from exports of produce
  8. 8. Agriculture in the 2PC environment • Internal conflicts may be along ethnic lines, and government interventions may not always be impartial. • Extension agents can help organize farmer groups to address shared problems • This provides an opportunity for using independent and neutral extension agents to embed peace-building capacity deep in rural communities
  9. 9. FARA’s actions in 2PC countries • SCARDA: –2007 – 2010; funds from DfID, Sterling ₤ 8,746,000 –Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Congo Brazzaville –Strengthening agricultural research management capacity (organizational mentorship –Strengthening human capacity (MSc training and individual mentorship)
  10. 10. FARA’s actions in PC countries • Brokering mentorship engagements between African agricultural institutions –Redesigning the strategy and research programming of Sierra Leone’s agricultural research system (SLARI) by Kenya’s KARI • Organized with GFAR the first ‘global’ workshop on strengthening agricultural innovation capacity in PC&PC countries, Kigali, Rwanda, September 2012: The Kigali Movement
  11. 11. The Kigali Movement - Outcomes • Attendance: –45 delegates - 14 countries;12 African plus Afghanistan and Tajikistan • Presented: –Regional (SROs and networks) and country perspectives on PC situations and attendant actions
  12. 12. The Kigali Movement - Outcomes • Agreed: –Insights on the enabling environment for 2PC country agricultural capacity development –Imperatives for successful development of agricultural innovation capacity in 2PC countries –Avenues for developing agricultural innovation capacity in 2PC countries
  13. 13. The Kigali Movement - Targets • A consultative learning platform for cooperation and joint learning between 2PC countries in Africa and Asia established • Adequate policy frameworks for short- , medium-, and long-term capacity development for agricultural innovation established • Regional integration of agricultural innovation strategies established
  14. 14. The Kigali Movement - Targets • Support strategy for value chain development and market access in 2PC developed • Adequate skilled human resources and infrastructural capacity developed
  15. 15. The Kigali Movement Rome, Italy: High Level Expert Forum on Protracted Crises 13-14 Sept 2012 Kigali, Rwanda 6-8 Sept 2012 Punta Del Este, Uruguay : GCARD Conf 29 Oct-1Nov 2012
  16. 16. The Kigali Movement - Prospects • Formidable advocacy platform to keep the agricultural rehabilitation of 2PC issues on the agenda at high-level forums • Promoting shared vision and facilitating exchanges for joint learning amongst actors and practitioners involved in agricultural development in 2PC situations • Resource mobilization platform to enable implementation of agreed actions at country and regional levels
  17. 17. The End