Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Gift mafuleka :cutting edge agric value chain financing
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Gift mafuleka :cutting edge agric value chain financing

318
views

Published on

Looks at cutting edge agricultural development through public-private partnership finance models. Experiences of Mphiwe Siyalima Enterprises in South Africa, a small to medium size farming …

Looks at cutting edge agricultural development through public-private partnership finance models. Experiences of Mphiwe Siyalima Enterprises in South Africa, a small to medium size farming corporation, are shared.

Published in: Business, Economy & Finance

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
318
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. CUTTING EDGE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT THROUGH PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP FINANCE MODELS ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Including experiences of Mphiwe Siyalima Enterprises in South Africa, a small to medium size farming corporation. Gift Mafuleka BTech: Agriculture: TUT Foum for Agricultural Research in Africa 6th Africa Agricultural Science Week, ACCRA, GHANA 15-20 July 2013
  • 2. OUTLINE 1. Background: Agricultural Development in Africa 2. Introduction: Agricultural Financing in Africa 3. Main challenges: The 4 Production Factors 4. Enterprise Level Financing 5. Industry Level Value Chain Financing 6. Risks Management 7. Conclusion
  • 3. BACKGROUND: AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA 19th Century • Agricultural Extension Services • Agricultural Co-operatives • International Donor Funding –Supply Driven 20th Century • Agricultural Value Chains • Agricultural Technology • International Donor Funding –Market Driven
  • 4. 1. Background: Agricultural Development in Africa 2. Introduction: Agricultural Financing in Africa 3. Main challenges: The 4 Production Factors 4. Enterprise Level Financing 5. Industry Level Value Chain Financing 6. Risks Management 7. Conclusion
  • 5. INTRODUCTION: AGRICULTURAL FINANCING • The Future and the Past co-exist in the Present • Subsistence and Smallholder farming versus modern, high tech, integrated value chains operating globally. • New global competition – manufactured competitiveness (value chains) versus old natural /comparative advantages or competitive advantages
  • 6. INTRODUCTION: AGRICULTURAL FINANCING (Cont.) • “What are we as Africa doing to ensure that we champion and pioneer development successes in food value chains across geographical spheres?”
  • 7. INTRODUCTION: AGRICULTURAL FINANCING (Cont.) Financial Analysis Socio-economic contribution Job creations and Skills Development Real Impact
  • 8. INTRODUCTION: AGRICULTURAL FINANCING (Cont.) Financial Analysis Socio-economic contribution Job creations and Skills Development Real ImpactBefore After
  • 9. 1. Background: Agricultural Development in Africa 2. Introduction: Agricultural Financing in Africa 3. Main challenges: The 4 Production Factors 4. Enterprise Level Financing 5. Industry Level Value Chain Financing 6. Risks Management 7. Conclusion
  • 10. CHALLENGES • Lack of self-driven agripreneurs – Entrepreneur • Disintegrated or lack of relevant training - Management • Unfavourable land tenure systems – Land • Lack of cognitively restructured financing - Capital
  • 11. 1. Background: Agricultural Development in Africa 2. Introduction: Agricultural Financing in Africa 3. Main challenges: The 4 Production Factors 4. Enterprise Level Financing 5. Industry Level Value Chain Financing 6. Risks Management 7. Conclusion
  • 12. ENTERPRISE FINANCE MODEL 12 Input&Equipment FarmingExpertise Land&Infrastructure Transport&Markets Real Impact on Enterprise Development Public Private Partnerships
  • 13. MPHIWE SIYALIMA ENTERPRISES MPHIWE SIYALIMA 2013-14 Grain Production 600ha Maize 500ha Soybeans 100ha Vegetables Production 35 ha Cabbage 20ha GreenMaize 30ha McCain Production 60ha Peas60ha (winter) Semi-intensive Beef Production 200LSU/200ha STUDBreeding 100LSU Preconditioning& Weaner Production CommercialBeef Production 50LSU 13
  • 14. EXPENDITURE 2010/11 Infrastructure Expenditure, 1 212 592.00, 29% Farm Production, 1 133 148.00, 27% Overhead Expenses, 1 077 000.00, 26% Cattle , 403 000.00, 10% Moveable Assets Expenditure, 356 560.00, 8% Infrastructure Expenditure Farm Production Overhead Expenses Cattle Moveable Assets Expenditure
  • 15. EXPENDITURE 2012/13 Infrastructure Expenditure, 550 000.00, 5% Farm Production, 6 500 000.00, 56% Overhead Expenses 1,900,000.00 16% Cattle , 850 000.00, 7% Moveable Assets Expenditure, 1 856 560.00, 16% Infrastructure Expenditure Farm Production Overhead Expenses Cattle Moveable Assets Expenditure 15
  • 16. 1. Background: Agricultural Development in Africa 2. Introduction: Agricultural Financing in Africa 3. Main challenges: The 4 Production Factors 4. Enterprise Level Financing 5. Industry Level Value Chain Financing 6. Risks Management 7. Conclusion
  • 17. AGRICULTURAL VALUE CHAIN FINANCING (ENTERPRISE LEVEL) 17 Farmer produces for a specific off taker Off- taker Contract Production output Production input Contract Farmer Backgrounder Feedlot operators Agro-processors Exporters Peas seed delivery Harvesting & deliveryCrop husbandryPlanting of peas
  • 18. AGRICULTURAL VALUE CHAIN FINANCING (INDUSRTY LEVEL) Collateral Guarantee Fund 18 18 Government & Donors Collateral (50% - 90% of loan value) Agricultural Development Bank Funding flow Agricultural Lender Collateral Guarantee Fund Fund administration + participation Eligible Lender With extension services Credit Assessment & loan Eligible Borrower Farmer of Agribusiness Partnerships with public & private sectors can be Formal market Futures, Off-take agreements, Open etc. Sales Formal Markets
  • 19. AGRICULTURAL VALUE CHAIN RISK MANAGEMENT MODEL 19 19 OPEN e.g. Traders, Agro-processors, Supermarkets, Retailers. (Spot price) HEDGING e.g. Futures Market, Grain traders - Fixed prices Farmer 60% of direct costs – Grain crops Eligible Lender OFF-TAKE e.g. Agro-processors, Feedlot, Exporters - Fixed Prices 20% of direct costs – Grain crops 20% of direct costs - Grain crops Deliver Proceeds on saleProceeds less direct input costs Cessionofaportionof theproductionoutput Insurance cover i.r.o. Quality & Quantity Insurance wont cover Bad Farming Practices Proceeds (Normally informal markets) 80% of out– Ornamental crops 20% of out– Ornamental crops
  • 20. 1. Background 2. Introduction 3. Main challenges: The 4 Production Factors 4. Enterprise Level Financing 5. Agricultural Value Chain Financing 6. Risks Management 7. Conclusion
  • 21. Weather RISK MATRIX 22 Low Manageability Watch Factors Distracters Tactical Factors Strategic Drivers BEE and Land Reform Regulatory Compliance Consumer activism Food safety Food Security Cyber crime Ethical Trade and Social Upliftment Water Quality Available Human Capital Climate Change Availability of Resources Value Chain Integration New Technology Global Economy High Impact Low Impact High Manageability Food Inflation Uncertain monitory, tax and fiscal policies Labour Laws Illegal Trading Strategic Alliances Alternative Energy Data fraud Political uprising Globalization
  • 22. Weather RISK MATRIX 23 Low Manageability Watch Factors Distracters Tactical Factors Strategic Drivers BEE and Land Reform Regulatory Compliance Consumer activism Food safety Food Security Cyber crime Ethical Trade and Social Upliftment Water Quality Available Human Capital Climate Change Availability of Resources Value Chain Integration New Technology Global Economy High Impact Low Impact High Manageability Food Inflation Uncertain monitory, tax and fiscal policies Labour Laws Illegal Trading Strategic Alliances Alternative Energy Tea Coffee Dairy Livestock Fishing Rice and Maize AgribusinessesPiggery Data fraud Political uprising Globalization
  • 23. Weather RISK MATRIX 24 Low Manageability Watch Factors Distracters Tactical Factors Strategic Drivers BEE and Land Reform Regulatory Compliance Consumer activism Food safety Food Security Cyber crime Ethical Trade and Social Upliftment Water Quality Available Human Capital Climate Change Availability of Resources Value Chain Integration New Technology Global Economy High Impact Low Impact High Manageability Food Inflation Uncertain monitory, tax and fiscal policies Labour Laws Illegal Trading Strategic Alliances Alternative Energy Tea Coffee Dairy Livestock Fishing Rice and Maize AgribusinessesPiggery Data fraud Political uprising Globalization
  • 24. 1. Background 2. Introduction 3. Main challenges: The 4 Production Factors 4. Enterprise Level Financing 5. Agricultural Value Chain Financing 6. Risks Management 7. Conclusion
  • 25. CONCLUSION • A focus on developing and improving agricultural value chains will change the image of farming, perceptions by the bankers, young people and our governments. • Micro Financiers remain an integral part to smallholder farmer development in Africa. • Our skill, experience and drive as farmers is an asset to our enterprises • Private Public Partnerships as well as agripreneurship and technology drive.