Beyond Implementation of Plant Clinics to Sustainably Strengthen Plant Health Systems in Africa
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Beyond Implementation of Plant Clinics to Sustainably Strengthen Plant Health Systems in Africa






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  • Standard description of PCs
  • Relevant – advice to farmer given verbally, but also written for them to take away with them. Older version of prescription replaced by newer version. Carbon copy kept by clinic.
  • Kenya an example of where clinics running for a couple of years and embedded directly into national extension servicesEmphasisePdoctors are often Ministry ExtensionistsGood response from different people, but especially farmers and the PDs themeselves – ie Clinics are demand drivenOn basis of experience MoA likes the PW approach, and is planning scale up. But each country must try for itself and make its own choices
  • The knowledge bank is a big on-line resourceEach country has a KB home page with various different toolsCLICKA diagnostic tool helps identify pestsCLICKSimple fact sheets give specific practical advice on individual pests. Sourced from all over, but can be developed specific to countries too. Fact sheet preparation methodology helps get over the problem of simplifying scientific publications into a language easily useable by extension staff
  • So we have a good mechanism for supporting Plant doctors and clinics with lots of information. CLICKBut we have also found that clinic records are a valuable source of information on the problems farmers have
  • The Knowledge Bank will have a private section for each country where they can manage their clinic data. Access fully controlled, so only specific users in the country can access the data. This is just imaginary data, to show the sorts of tools that will be available
  • So the information from clinics is very useful to many stakeholders:Extension – shows what problems farmers have and what they need advice onResearch – shows problems that may need researchingEtcetc
  • This information can trigger the strengthening of links between the different stakeholders in plant health. So although the focus of PW is improving advice to farmers, in fact PW strengthens the whole PH system
  • Note: This study has been pointed out many times as somewhat less than representative of what should be expected; good to note that these are initial case study results but that we are currently undergoing M&E of pw in Africa to gain feedback of impacts and make more generalizable assessments of PW in other regions
  • Important to note that these are all examples of expenses after basic needs (like feeding the family) are covered by sufficient income

Beyond Implementation of Plant Clinics to Sustainably Strengthen Plant Health Systems in Africa Beyond Implementation of Plant Clinics to Sustainably Strengthen Plant Health Systems in Africa Presentation Transcript

  • Plantwise: Beyond Implementation of Plant Clinics to Sustainably Strengthen Plant Health Systems in Africa Washington Otieno et al. Regional PW Coordinator for Africa CABI Africa
  • The vision National PHSD Improved vigilance on threats to PH Support farmers to reduce pest related crop losses Improve food security Reduce poverty Adapt to climate change
  • Part of extension service Free at point of use Set up at local meeting places Regularly run Samples brought by farmers Diagnosis & advise by ‘prescription’ Plant Clinics Plant clinic, DR Congo View slide
  • Data in prescription form” View slide
  • Example: Plant Clinics in Kenya >35 clinics >80 extension staff trained plant doctors Positive response from: farmers, plant doctors, partners Demand-driven MoA developing strategy for scale up
  • Comprehensive on-line resource Country and Region homepage > 10,000 Pest fact sheets Diagnostic search tool Pest management guides Pest mapping and forecasts Supporting literature Translating for different languages Knowledge Bank
  • Plantwise ‘plant doctors’ extension workers smallholder farmers knowledge bank Diagnosis, supp ort, advice Clinic information: What pests are problems for farmers? Where? Who is coming to clinics? Dialogue with farmer Improved, evidence-based extension materials; recommendation guides, monitoring & evaluation tools Content Partner materials/data Scientific information and expertise
  • Clinics People Clinics > add clinic << CAMS home * denotes a required field Clinic name * (e.g. 'Dundori market clinic'): Nembure market clinic Country: * District: County: * Village/town: Nembure Nearest main town: * Clinic code (automatically generated): KY021 Date established:* Frequency:* Day of the week clinic is held:* Location type: CABI staff: + add Advertised via radio and posters at MoA Supervisor: + add Basic Info Partners Reports, Stats OR Locate on map... 11 / 01 / 2012 Other details (e.g. 'mobile clinic') SAVESAVE Basic info Reports stats Visits by month at a single clinic Clinics > Reports & Stats > Nembure market clinic Visits to clinic by month (2011) Crops brought in to clinic over past 6 months Tomato Banana Cassava Coffee Other Farmer catchment area Past month YTD visits 146 452 repeat visits 87 325 % female 67% 56% Clinic data management
  • Potential value to many users Extension Research Policy makers Agro-input suppliers Regulators Stimulates links between actors Data from Clinics
  • Strengthening Plant Health System of Countries Input supply Research Farmers Regulation Extension Plant clinics
  • Plantwise in 2013 Africa Burkina Faso DR Congo Ethiopia Ghana Kenya Malawi Mozambique Rwanda Sierra Leone Tanzania Uganda Zambia S, W, Central Asia Pakistan Afghanistan Bangladesh India Nepal Sri Lanka SE & East Asia China Cambodia Vietnam Caribbean & Central America Nicaragua Honduras Barbados Grenada Trinidad & Tobago Suriname South America Bolivia Peru
  • Net income for potato farmers in Bolivia after adopting clinic advice
  • Key income investments of farmers in Bangladesh resulting from PW approach Kind of investment % gain Buying land 9 Children's education 25 Buying a cow 13 Planting 9 Home improvement 21 Growing a crop 7
  • Next Steps in Africa Which countries next Gain experience, learn Review, plan for scale out PHSD Incorporation as part of public funded agriculture extension systems Integration of modules in curricula of learning institutions
  • Thank you LOSE LESS, FEED MORE