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Climate-Smart villages

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  • I am xxxxxxxxxx, from the CGIAR Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)
  • The second challenge for agriculture relates to climate change adaptation. And if there is a single graph to show this challenge then it is this one for SSA.Thornton from ILRI uses a four degree temperature rise scenario, which based on current commitments to reduce GHGs is a distinct possibility. By 2090 vast areas of Africa will have experienced >20% reduction in growing season length. And huge areas 5-20% reduction. Almost no areas have rises in growing season. This illustrates the magnitude of potential impacts on agriculture from climate change.
  • The third challenge for agriculture relates to its environmental footprint. Recent compilations suggest that food systems contribute 19-29% of global greenhouse gasses, including those through land cover change.
  • Excuse the complicated title. In a few words I have tried to capture how we approach research. We vision with our partners where we want to go; we then work backwards as to what we must do, with whom, when and how. And we work from farmers fields at the one extreme up to the global negotiations on climate at the other extreme. I will explain further. It is a new era for research. I am xxxxxxxxxx, from the CGIAR Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)
  • Excuse the complicated title. In a few words I have tried to capture how we approach research. We vision with our partners where we want to go; we then work backwards as to what we must do, with whom, when and how. And we work from farmers fields at the one extreme up to the global negotiations on climate at the other extreme. I will explain further. It is a new era for research. I am xxxxxxxxxx, from the CGIAR Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)
  • Excuse the complicated title. In a few words I have tried to capture how we approach research. We vision with our partners where we want to go; we then work backwards as to what we must do, with whom, when and how. And we work from farmers fields at the one extreme up to the global negotiations on climate at the other extreme. I will explain further. It is a new era for research. I am xxxxxxxxxx, from the CGIAR Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)
  • The concept of climate-smart village is used to capture the desire to take integrated approaches to climate adaptation – but not doing everything – doing what is needed in a specific context to enhance adaptation.This shows some of the activities that may be conducted in a community.CSVs are learning sites, where multiple partners come together to innovate with communities, to build capacity to innovateOur eyes must be constantly on scaling up – feeding lessons into policy processes, working with the private sector so they can stimulate uptake, or mainstreaming successes into the work of major initiatives or agencies.
  • To illustrate a CSV, here is an example from Kenya.The outcome desired is to influence how major agencies approach climate-smart agriculture. In order to do that we have various strategies, work with a range of agencies, and undertake specific research activities.
  • These are all the regions of the world where we work. And in each region we have sites where we do the detailed work – shown by the green dots (we still have to select sites in LAM and SEA)Although all the regional program leaders work for different centres, we do not have to follow the mandate of our centres – we must support work for crops, livestock, fish, policies, water, forests – whichever makes sense for climate change adaptation and mitigation.This shows the new way of working in the CGIAR – as you probably know the CGIAR has undergone a radical reform in the past few years.(At least for some elements of the CGIAR the reform is radical)
  • Transcript

    • 1. Climate-smart village : the CCAFS model to improve the adaptive capacity of communities Robert Zougmoré Regional Program Leader, West Africa, CCAFS
    • 2. To 2090, taking 14 climate models Four degree rise Thornton et al. (2010) Proc. National Academy Science >20% loss 5-20% loss No change 5-20% gain >20% gain Length of growing period (%) Length of growing season is likely to decline..
    • 3. Vermeulen et al. 2012 Annual Review of Environment and Resources (2012) 19-29% global GHGs from food systems
    • 4. How can smallholder farmers achieve food security under a changing climate?
    • 5. Agriculture must become “climate-smart” • contributes to climate change adaptation by sustainably increasing productivity & resilience • mitigates climate change by reducing greenhouse gases where possible • and enhances the achievement of national food security and development goals
    • 6. • Approach where CCAFS in partnership with rural communities and other stakeholders (NARES, NGOs, local authorities…), tests & validates in an integrated manner, several agricultural interventions • Aims to boost farmers’ ability to adapt to climate change, manage risks and build resilience. • At the same time, the hope is to improve livelihoods and incomes and, where possible, reduce greenhouse gas emissions to ensure solutions are sustainable Concept of “climate-smart villages”
    • 7. 7 Climate-smart villages Index-based insurance Climate information services Climate- smart technologies Local adaptation plans • Learning sites • Multiple partners • Capacity building Scaling up • Policy • Private sector • Mainstream successes via major initiatives How it works?
    • 8. Focus on integrated actions.. Linking knowledge to action Key agricultural activities for managing risks
    • 9. 9 What? Tree planting Shifts to small stock Crop/income diversification Climate resilient crops Who? NGO’s – CARE, World Neighbors, Vi Gov’t Extension; CBO’s – local groups Researchers – KARI teams, CGIAR Strategies Outcome mapping Learning workshops Exchange visits Gender research training Local TV, radio, cell info on CSA options The research • KARI/CG research teams testing and evaluating improved practices with farmers • What isnt’s and approaches benefit women? Enhance equity? • Changes in practices – what’s climate resilient? • What changes are men vs. women making? Local outcomes Ext services/NGOs more demand- driven and delivering relevant information on climate-smart agriculture to farmers and local organisations Example: western Kenya
    • 10. 10  Baseline studies at site (HH, VBS and OBS)  Participatory M&E planning for PAR work with local partners at site  Gender mainstreaming in activities  Test of various technological options by farmers  Iterative sharing of results and planning of next steps Climate-smart village Climate services Weather insurance Designed diversification Mitigation /C seq Community management of resources Capacity building Partnership - NARS - Extension - NGOs - Universities - Development partners - Private sector - CBOs, Local leaders Examples from Burkina, Mali and Ghana At Community level:
    • 11. 11 1. Improved technologies and practices for climate- smart agriculture 2. Methods, approaches and capacity for local adaptation planning 3. Innovative mechanisms for scaling up and out, including building local capacity to innovate. 4. By “scale up and out” it is intended that research will identify adoption pathways and actively involve the research end-users who are necessary to take research findings to scale. What is expected ?
    • 12. Where CCAFS works
    • 13. 13 1. To identify and test pro-poor adaptation and mitigation technologies, practices, and policies for food systems, adaptive capacity and rural livelihoods 2. To provide diagnosis and analysis that will ensure cost effective investments, the inclusion of agriculture in climate change policies, and the inclusion of climate issues in agricultural policies, from the sub-national to the global level Over-arching objectives
    • 14. 14 www.ccafs.cgiar.org; r.zougmore@cgiar.org