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Farms-of-the-Future: an innovative approach to strengthening adaptive capacity
 

Farms-of-the-Future: an innovative approach to strengthening adaptive capacity

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Farms of the future seeks to connect farmers to their possible climate futures via farm visits which would enable them to build a mental picture of what their climate and farming systems might look ...

Farms of the future seeks to connect farmers to their possible climate futures via farm visits which would enable them to build a mental picture of what their climate and farming systems might look like in the future

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    Farms-of-the-Future: an innovative approach to strengthening adaptive capacity Farms-of-the-Future: an innovative approach to strengthening adaptive capacity Presentation Transcript

    • Farms-of-the-Future: an innovative approach to strengthening adaptive capacity Abdoulaye Saley Moussa1, Maren Radeny2 and Osana Bonilla-Findji3 1ICRISAT/CCAFS West Africa Regional Program 2ILRI/CCAFS East Africa Regional Program 3CIAT/CCAFS
    • Outline o Farming systems in East and West Africa o Farms of the future approach o Analogue tool o Exchange visits o Lessons learned
    • Farming systems in EA and WA o Small-scale subsistence agriculture o Limited use of inputs / fertilizer o Highly vulnerability to climate variability and change o reduced crop yields, o food insecurity o Coping strategies o Challenges of adaptation: o Access to information, knowledge, technologies o Planning for an unknown future
    • Farming systems in East and West Africa Past experiences, impacts to define adaptation strategies What if tomorrow? How to plan knowing tomorrow (climate area/region/technologi es/information, etc.) Farms of the Future Past Future
    • •70% of expected future climates already exist somewhere else •Facilitates exchange of knowledge, technology, and practices between analogue sites The 2030 climate of a maize- growing area near Durban will correspond to the current climate of a major maize-growing area in Argentina. Growers in Durban can learn from these analogous climates how to adapt as their climate shifts. http://gismap.ciat.cgiar.org/analogues/ Climate Analogues: finding future climates for potential adaptation to connect farmers to their possible climate futures via farm visits which would enable them to build a mental picture of what their climate and farming systems might look like in the future Farms of the Future
    • Farms of the Future o Devise, test and validate the "Farms of the Future" approach built on farmer- to-farmer exchanges to analogue sites as a valuable option to improve adaptive capacity and support knowledge transfer o Improve understanding of local practices and available tools for enabling change, as well as cultural, economic, or institutional obstacles to such adaptive change
    • • 15 farmers and 5 policy- makers from Lushoto in the northern highlands, travelled to Mbinga in the southern highlands. • Climatic analogues – locations where the current climate is very similar to Lushoto’s projected future climate (20 – 30 years ) • Ongoing adaptation strategies and management practices http://ccafs.cgiar.org/blog/one-mans-future-another-mans-present-farms-future-hits-tanzania Farms of the Future: Farmer to farmer exchange visits to enhance adaptation learning using the Analogues tool in Lushoto
    • Other Strategies: • Tree nurseries in Mwitikilwa • Improved stoves in Sepukila • Beekeeping enterprise in Mtama • Avocado, banana, and maize trials in Nyombo village Weather station in MwitikilwaWomen preparing “matengo” pits in Sepukila  Participatory video recording by the farmers for the farmers Other learning experiences from the Farmer-to-Farmer exchange visit in Tanzania
    • Farms-of-The-Future : A Journey to plausible futures of Doggoh (Ghana)
    • Learning experiences from the Farmer-to-Farmer exchange visit in Burkina Faso • 20 farmers (men and women) and AIS • Agricultural diversification and intensification Agri-business • Food processing (cassava) • Soil and water conservation • Integrated system (agro-forestry+SWC) • Farmers organization • Land issues
    • LESSONS LEARNED 1. Give priority to farmers' voice, foster farmer-to-farmer learning • Support the farmers to share their findings from their study tour with their own communities • Participatory video: important tool for supporting farmers to document their own learning 2. Communicating climate science is challenging: need to find appropriate institutional frameworks • E.g. The GTP
    • LESSONS LEARNED 1. Building adaptive capacity requires institutional, structural and policy change 2. Strong engagement of actors across the agricultural innovation system as adaptive capacity strengthening cannot be achieved by farmers alone. Climate-smart villages Model
    • THANK YOU I’m very glad that I’m one of the participant. In fact, we’re joking in Ghana. See how Burkinabe are fighting the negative impact of climate change. Growing trees using the technique by Mr Aziz with OM production using crop residue and household waste is what I’ll start first. Really, the tour is useful to me. Many thanks to Burkinabe farmers!!! I ask us too of Yamba village we should conserve our environment by planting trees. “I was very happy with this trip and I have learnt a lot… www.ccafs.cgiar.org