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2 fara presentationghana raina 2 fara presentationghana raina Presentation Transcript

  • International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe) Suresh Raina African Insect Science for Food and Health
  •  The 4Hs paradigm — Major Programme Areas Human Health Animal Health Plant Health Environmental Health  Capacity Building Universal Throughout All Programmes  Research Departments — Disciplinary Expertise: chemistry, Biochemistry, Micro-biology, Pathology and biological control  Research Units Expertise in GIS, Statistics, socio-economics R&D Support,  Collaborative support: National Forest services (KFS), Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) and National Agriculture research system How we work
  •  Biodiversity and Forest Conservation  Bioprospecting  Commercial insects.  Climate change Mitigation Environmental Health Division
  • AIM: Insect-based enterprises using value chain approach  Increase the outreach and sustainability of the Silkmoth and honey bee-based community driven enterprises.  Deliver income generating services to African Farmers  Promote bee and silkmoth biodiversity conservation in the regions to enhance pollination services for food security
  • 6TH AFRICA AGRICULTURE SCIENCE WEEK AND FARA GENERAL ASSEMBLY Theme: Africa Feeding Africa through Agricultural Science and Innovation African reference laboratory (with satellite stations) for the management of pollinator bee diseases and pests for food security Suresh Raina icipe, Nairobi Accra International Conference Centre, Accra, Ghana 15-20 July 2013
  • Why focus on bee health biodiversity research and policy across African continent ? Biodiversity of Insect pollinator species are in decline globally due to: • Human interference in their habitat • Forest depletion and pestcidal pollution • Attack of diseases and pests and colony losses
  • An African centre for the management of pollinator bee diseases and pests for food security • Bee diseases and pests do not respect borders, therefore requiring regional and continental approaches. • Information pertaining to bee health (pesticides and chemical residues in honey or implications in pollination of plants), are generic problems • Basic regulations and guidelines for their control should be harmonised and promoted across Africa. Therefore, icipe plans to develop:
  • What do we know? Managed honeybee declining in USA, possibly EU Wild pollinators declining in UK, EU and USA Many crops need pollinators People need pollinated crops and honey African bee colonies are invaded by pests and diseases
  • Level of dependence on animal- mediated pollination. After Klein A et al. Proc. R. Soc. B 2007;274:303-313, FAOSTAT 2005 Major food crops and their level of dependence on animal pollination Only crops that produce fruits or seeds for direct human use as food were considered
  • Impact of Pollination Level in Strawberry Quality SOURCE: Protocol to detect and assess pollination deficits in crops: a handbook for its use. FAO 2011 Case study: strawberry
  • Wider value forage cattle Crops, orchards & allotments wild plant communities honey POLLINATORS FOOD SECURITY, CONSUMER CHOICE & HEALTHY DIET ECOSYSTEM SERVICES - soil fertility - flood protection - water purification - cultural landscapes €11-33M €497 M€10’s M many € billions€100’s M BIODIVERSITY
  • What do we NOT know? Is crop pollination limiting agricultural production in Africa ? Impact of climate change on bee diseases and pests in Africa Status of bee diseases and pests in African continent Monetary valuation of pollination services in Africa Are people affected by pollinator losses ? Potential production losses due to the lack of insects Pollination distribution of vulnerability ratio across Africa
  • Klaus Mithoefer GIS Analyst  GIS data management  spatial analysis  model building  geo-statistics GIS AND MAPPING
  • Colony collapse disorder in US: Serious Pollinators decline • The serious decline of honeybee populations in Europe and the USA (van Engelsdorp, 2007, 2008), commonly referred to as the colony collapse disorder (CCD), has alarmed governments, conservationists and the private sector. Source , MYRMECOS: Alex Wild on insects, science, and photography
  • Possible African Pollinators decline • The possibility and effects of a similar pollinator decline in Africa would seriously harm the livelihoods of millions of rural resource-poor farmers. • Therefore, the proper conservation of honeybees in Africa must be ensured so that colony losses experienced in other parts of the world are not repeated in Africa.( Raina et.al 2011) • In addition, we need to protect the genetic diversity represented by the different African wild honey bee populations (Hepburn and Radloff, 1998).
  • Spread of Varroa and other diseases and pests in Africa • Fries and Raina (2003) reported very low level of American foulbrood disease in large parts of Africa. • However, the recently confirmed presence of the Varroa mites, brood diseases and Paenibacillus larvae spores in Sub Saharan and North Africa(Hansen et al., 2003; Saleh 2006, Frazier et al., 2010) are likely to compromise honeybee health and consequently honeybee productivity in this region of the world. • This has raised concerns that these highly devastating mites, and probably so far undiagnosed honeybee diseases, could be widespread in Africa.
  • The purpose of the programme Establish a Centre for Bee Diseases and Pests (CBDPAfrica) at icipe Kenya and four satellite stations (one each in Cameroon , Ethiopia, Burkina Faso and Liberia)partnering AU-IBAR to generate knowledge regarding bee diseases and pests and their control measures for the Farmers Federation (FF) and beekeepers at large.
  • Objective • Develop field based working modules for bee diseases and pests management with policy options to protect bee colonies and scale up honey production and pollination services for crop production and access to markets in Africa and beyond (export)
  • Results and Activities • Result 1 Bee health facilities for innovative technologies and provision of pests risk analysis baselines and benchmarks established – Activity 1.1. Refurbishment of research and training centre in Kenya (Bio-safety level-2). – Activity 1.2. Refurbishment of four national research and development satellite stations in East, Central and West Africa (Biosafety level -1). – Activity 1.3. Equipping of facilities with diagnostic tools for surveillance and detection of bee diseases in African colonies. – Activity 1.4. Setting up model apiaries at NARS and farmers fields to demonstrate the application of intervention logics and scaling up hive products and pollination services at each project sites. – Activity 1.5. Develop screen houses at NARS/national beekeeping stations for demonstrating and training FF in the use of various bee species for pollinating food crops. – Activity 1.6. Establish one marketplace for processing, packaging trading of honey and hive products in each participating country
  • • Result 2: Development of validated bee disease and pest management modules with efficient field based diagnostic tools. – Activity 2.1. Mapping of bee biodiversity and health factors using species distribution model and dynamic vegetation modeling. – Activity2.2. Mapping of bee diseases distribution in modern, traditional and feral bee colonies, pollen source and spatial analysis of land use and other environmental factors. – Activity 2.3. Investigating behavioural mechanisms of African honeybees’ tolerance against the invasion of Varroa mite and brood diseases. – Activity 2.4. Develop effective methods to detect pesticides hazards in the bee hive products – Activity 2.5. Evaluate bee health hazard and risk through effective technology of Morphometrics and DNA finger printing – Activity 2.6. Development of plant based bio-pesticide for bee diseases and pests and production of Over 200,000 pieces of bee pest and disease control products for Farmers Federations/beekeepers in 5 countries in Africa.
  • Result 3: Enhanced awareness on the honeybee health and create conducive environment for enhanced bee disease control, access to markets, and consumer safety. • Activity 3.1. Organize effective multi-stakeholder partnerships and mechanisms for the development of policy, institutional and market options for bee health and pollination services for food security. • Activity 3.2. Develop policy frameworks for sustainable bee health, apiculture and pollination services. • Activity 3.3. Carry out environmental impact study on bees and pollination services. • Activity 3.4. Enhance capacities for timely collection, analysis and sharing of accurate sanitary information; • Activity 3.5. Strengthen Africa’s participation in standard setting organizations (OIE and Codex Alimentarius) on standards setting process for bees and bee products. • Activity 3.6. Identify market constraints and opportunities for honey and hive products and investment opportunities of bee products and pollination services
  • Result 4: Capacity of beekeepers/farmers’ federations, RECs and NARS on bee health management systems and policy options strengthened • Activity 4.1. Establish/strengthen producer organizations for input supply management and cooperative marketing • Activity 4.2. Enhance the capacity of beekeepers associations NARS and RECs to acquire information and utilize improved bee health technologies/innovations; • Activity 4.3. Develop a regional database on pollination services and bee health research and development outputs; • Activity 4.4. Strengthen the capacities of Farmers federations/beekeepers NARS and RECs to analyze the value chain of pollination services and priority beehive products, and the commercial policies of the agricultural sector; • Activity 4.5. Develop and promote bee health knowledge management systems through bee health value chain analysis
  • Focus on Sub-Saharan Africa • This project is in line with the European Union’s strategy as per the Advancing African Agriculture (AAA) document. • The EU/AAA provides a long-term framework for assistance, has a continental scope with a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), and is aligned with the AU and related organisations such as AU-IBAR.
  • Venue: icipe headquarters, Nairobi, Kenya. 23th to 25th September 2013 INCEPTION PHASE- BEE HEALTH PROJECT AFRICA STAKEHOLDERS WORKSHOP AND 1ST PROJECT STEERING COMMITTEE MEETING Thank you Announcement