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T9: ICBA’s Experience and Partnership


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T9: ICBA’s Experience and Partnership, By Shoaib Ismail, ICBA ,UAE, Land and Water Days in Near East & North Africa, 15-18 December 2013, Amman, Jordan

T9: ICBA’s Experience and Partnership, By Shoaib Ismail, ICBA ,UAE, Land and Water Days in Near East & North Africa, 15-18 December 2013, Amman, Jordan

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  • 1. Building resilience in agricultural systems under marginal environments: ICBA’s Experience and Partnership Shoaib Ismail, Ph.D. International Center for Biosaline Agriculture Dubai, United Arab Emirates NENA-LWDS, Amman 17th December 2013
  • 2. What I heard most during last 2 days…. Non-Conventional water Saline Water Brackish Water Drainage Water Treated Waste Water
  • 3. What I heard most during last 2 days…. Non-Conventional water Saline Water Brackish Water Drainage Water Treated Waste Water
  • 4. Salinity in Agricultural Production More than 1.2 billion ha of lands are affected by salinity globally Nearly 1.6 million ha/ year are lost globally due to salinization At this rate all irrigated areas that now contribute to agricultural foods will be out of production in 140 years. Region Area (106ha) Africa 81.0 Near and Middle East 53.1 Asia and Far East 19.5 Latin America 59.4 Australia 84.7 North America 16.0 Europe 20.7
  • 5. Availability of saline water……
  • 6. 2050…… and Targets By 2050 the world’s population will reach 9.1 billion, 34 percent higher than today. Nearly all of this population increase will occur in developing countries. About 70 percent of the world’s population will be urban (compared to 49 percent today). Food production must increase by 70 percent. Annual cereal production will need to rise to about 3 billion tons from 2.1 billion today Annual meat production will need to rise by over 200 million tons to reach 470 million tons.
  • 7. Agriculture by 2050 70 m.ha < 5% 120 m.ha ~ 12% 50 m.ha ~ - 8%
  • 8. Biosaline Agriculture Brackish and saline water Strong R & D linkage Marginal and saline land Salt-tolerant plant production systems Irrigated/ supplementary irrigated agriculture Strong partnerships with National Research & Development programs, Private sector, NGOs and donors Capacity Building for National systems
  • 9. The Potential….. Increased Permeability Saline Wasteland Stops erosion Fuel Wood Timber Improves Environment Forage Improves Bulk Density Green manure Organic Matter to Soil Compost biofertilizer Biological N Fixation Increased Salt Movement Saline Groundwater Pulp, paper board Bioenergy
  • 10. The Options….. • Change the environment – Reclaim lands – Desalinate water – Mix saline water with freshwater • Change the cropping pattern & management – Improve the crop to deal with the environment – Choose a different crop or develop new crops Economically Viable Environmentally safe
  • 11. Mapping Terrain Climate Land use/ Land management Irrigation water
  • 12. ST trees + Adaptations in production systems with increasing salinity & aridity Halophytic grasses Salt tolerant Trees + Halophytic crops Salt tolerant Trees + conventional crops Conventional crops & Environments: ECe < 8 dS/m; ESP < 2 Halophytic crops & Environments: ECe 8-20 dS/m; ESP 2-15 Halophytic grasses & Environments: ECe 15-25 dS/m; ESP > 15
  • 13. Sea-water Based Agriculture Potential of Salicornia for biofuel from seeds, vegetable and residual biomass for forage
  • 14. Quinoa – The new Crop
  • 15. ICBA – Agriculture for Tomorrow ICBA is an international center undertaking research and development for improving the agricultural productivity, social equity and environmental sustainability of water use through an integrated system approach
  • 16. Expanding Our Mandate Our Mission To work in partnership to deliver agricultural and water scarcity solutions in marginal environments Our Vision To be the global Center of Excellence for innovative agriculture in saline and marginal environments • Working on a wider array of crops tolerant to salinity and inclusion of bioenergy in our research program • Working with partners to ensure that research is relevant, useful and is accessible, available and applicable
  • 17. Capacity building and knowledge sharing
  • 18. Strategic Outcomes and Objectives Strategic Outcomes ICBA Vision Increased Food and Nutritional Security • ICBA Mission • More Resilient Environment and Income • Improved Water Security Strategic Objectives 1. Improve generation and dissemination of knowledge (knowledge hub) 2. Expand food and bioenergy solutions 3. Facilitate competitive agribusiness enterprises 4. Increase and enrich partnerships Reflecting our long-term perspective 10 year time horizon. The context within which our own strategy must fit. 10 year time horizon. The objectives against which we align our efforts
  • 19. Research Innovations & Partnerships • Assessment of natural resources • Climate change impacts and management • Crop productivity and diversification • Aquaculture and bioenergy • Policies for resilience
  • 20. Managing Salinity Reclaiming abandoned farms in Abu Dhabi Seawater based agriculture: Salicornia promising new biofuel
  • 21. Managing Water –Irrigation & Drainage Sub-surface irrigation – can reduce water use by 20% compared with surface irrigation
  • 22. Diversification/Intensification Central Asia: dual purpose foodfeed crops and shrub-tree crops
  • 23. Decision Support Systems Comprehensive set of digital information to support policies and decision–making on water and land use planning Journal of Environment and Earth Science ISSN 2224-3216 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0948 (Online). Vol 2, No.8, 2012
  • 24. Safe use of TWW for agriculture The Use of Treated Wastewater in the Agricultural Production in the Arab World: Current Status and Future Prospective 14-16 January 2014, United Arab Emirates  Explore policy support in the region for the use of TWW in agriculture  Review the current status of the use of TWW in agriculture in the world with an emphasis on the Arab World, including best management practices, guidelines, regulations, policies and strategies  Explore the future potential of TWW in agriculture in the Arab World       Best management practices (soil, water and crop) related to the use TWW. Synthesis and dissemination of current knowledge related to the impact of the use of TWW on plant and animal products. Synthesis of environmental impact related to the use of TWW. Cost-effectiveness of the use of TWW. Exchange of knowledge, research outcome and identi cation of research gaps. Compares standards, regulations and policies of the use of TWW regionally and worldwide.
  • 25. Training Transfer technologies through field demonstrations and training courses  Improved crop management  Water and irrigation management  Adaptation of appropriate productions systems  Climate change adaptation strategies  Soil salinity analysis and mapping
  • 26. Regional Cooperation GCC ~ MENA ~ Africa ~ Central Asia ~ South & Southast Asia ~ Latin America 29
  • 27. Enabling Innovations Strategic Alliances, Networking, Partnerships Capacity Building Technology Incubation Knowledge Transfer
  • 28.