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T5: Sustainable Development of Wadi Halq El-Dabaa, Northern Western Coastal Zone (NWCZ), Egypt
 

T5: Sustainable Development of Wadi Halq El-Dabaa, Northern Western Coastal Zone (NWCZ), Egypt

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Sustainable Development of Wadi Halq El-Dabaa, Northern Western Coastal Zone (NWCZ), Egypt, By Mohamed Abbas, Mohamed Deraz, Ehab Genad, Hytham El-Daghstani, Mostafa El-Ghazawy, Asmaa Shata, Ahmed ...

Sustainable Development of Wadi Halq El-Dabaa, Northern Western Coastal Zone (NWCZ), Egypt, By Mohamed Abbas, Mohamed Deraz, Ehab Genad, Hytham El-Daghstani, Mostafa El-Ghazawy, Asmaa Shata, Ahmed Youssef, Naeem Moslhy, Land and Water Days in Near East & North Africa, 15-18 December 2013, Amman, Jordan

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    T5: Sustainable Development of Wadi Halq El-Dabaa, Northern Western Coastal Zone (NWCZ), Egypt T5: Sustainable Development of Wadi Halq El-Dabaa, Northern Western Coastal Zone (NWCZ), Egypt Document Transcript

    • Sustainable Development of Wadi Halq El-Dabaa, Northern Western Coastal Zone (NWCZ), Egypt Mohamed Abbas1, Mohamed Deraz1, Ehab Genad2, Hytham ElDaghstani2, Mostafa El-Ghazawy1, Asmaa Shata1, Ahmed Youssef1, Naeem Moslhy1 1 2 : DRC : ACSAD Introduction: In the last decades the Northern Western Coastal Zone (NWCZ) of Egypt suffered from the shortage in the natural resources due to the lack of rainfall which is considered as the main source for development in such area. This rainfed area is greater than 15000km2 extending about 300km from Fouka in the east to El-Saloum in the west with a distance of 40-70km from the coast to the south. This area is considered as an arid region, where the average annual rainfall is less than 150mm. This made a stress in the natural resources which became not enough for the living of about 340000 persons in such area. Although a great efforts were done through different local and international agencies, the developed wadis along the NWCZ were not exceeded 25% from the total numbers (218 wadis). Also, the water harvesting is only about 18% of the runoff and the rest wast lost towards the sea. Accordingly, The Desert Research Center (DRC) and the Arab Center for the Arab Center for the studies of Arid zones and Dry lands (ACSAD) made a protocol to carry out a project funded from ACSAD to develop wadi Halq El-Dabaa. Objectives: The main objectives of this project are: - Surveying the natural resources of the area to plan how to manage them and increase the benefits for the Bedouin communities. - The sustainable development through the integration studies for these resources. - The management of the water resources the water harvesting and finding out the potentiality of the groundwater as an additional water recourses for supplemental irrigation. - Management and increase the density of the natural vegetation for feeding the animals as well as planting new species that have high tolerance for saline groundwater. - Increasing the production of the crops and orchards. Methodologies: Through this project an integrated studies were carried out. These are:
    • - Studying water harvesting and groundwater exploration through geological, geophysical studies to drill new water wells. Soil survey to produce the soil suitability map. Socio-economic studies to estimate the distribution of the communities and determining their needing. Outputs: According to the integrated studies the following outcomes have been acquired: - Drilling of three wells for supplemental irrigation having salinity ranges between 2000ppm and 6000ppm. - Drilling one cistern for storing the water from the rainfall. - Rehabilitation of the existed dams and construct new dams for management the runoff and increase the cultivated areas. - Production of transplant of tolerant plants for the droughts through the seeding from ACSAD, such as Atriplex. - Planting of transplants of Figs, Pistachio (Peanut) and Almond from ACSAD. - Constructing guiding farms from Orchards that come from ACSAD. - Planting of watermelon and cucumber in between the orchards. - Applying the contouring cultivation as a method for water harvesting and planting the parley between the contour lines. - Monitoring and follow up the infection of the orchards by any deceases. Benefits and learning lessons: The learning lessons are at three levels: 1-The institutional level: where ACSAD transfer the technology and some plant species that tolerance the drought and the saline water. This can be transfer along the North Africa countries that have the same problem of decreasing the rain fall. 2-The National level: - The project helped the action plan for the cultivation in Egypt which focusing in increasing the land productivity and increase the efficiency of the water resources as well as the water conservation. - The project building some guiding farms for some orchards and carrying out the demand training for the farmers. - The applying of the contouring cultivation which considered a way to water harvesting which increase the productivity. - Submitting the needed transplant of orchards for the farmers. - Creating a model for the sustainable development through the integrated activities and cultivates new species from orchards. - Increasing the efficiency of the water, soil and human resources which helped in the increasing the income of the people. - This model can be applied at the different wadis along the NWCZ of Egypt.