Tenure and REDD+

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by Tiina Vahanen

Including tenure rights and access to resources under the respective legal frameworks should provide clarity in carbon ownership and carbon rights. Tenure is the foundation for the eventual benefit sharing structures and systems. However, insecure forest and land tenure and limited recognition of customary land rights are severe constraints to achieving REDD+.

Website: http://www.fao.org/climatechange/en/

© FAO: http://www.fao.org

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Tenure and REDD+

  1. 1. December 1, 2012 15:30 -19:30
  2. 2. Tenure and REDD+ Tiina Vahanen FAO
  3. 3. Tenure and REDD+• Including tenure rights and access to resources under the respective legal frameworks should provide clarity in carbon ownership and carbon rights• Tenure is the foundation for the eventual benefit sharing structures and systems• However, insecure forest and land tenure and limited recognition of customary land rights are severe constraints to achieving REDD+
  4. 4. Why clarity on forest and carbon tenure is fundamental to achieve REDD+• Most REDD+ countries do not specify ownership of sequestered carbon• Yet forest owners and right holders will be the direct beneficiaries of carbon sequestration rights generated by REDD+ activities• Many forest-dependent communities reject the notion that carbon can be divided and sold separately from other forestry assets.
  5. 5. …Why clarity on forest and carbon tenure is fundamental to achieve REDD+• A clear understanding of forest &land tenure and ownership should be the first step to determine who owns carbon• Carbon rights have been defined in different ways by “international experts”• Yet definition of beneficiaries and modalities of payment distribution is essential before results- based payments can materialize
  6. 6. Voluntary Guidelines on Tenure• Improve tenure governance by providing guidance on the rights to use, manage and control land and forests• Contribute to the improvement and development of the policy, legal and organizational frameworks that regulate tenure rights• Enhance transparency and improve functioning of tenure systems• Strengthen the capacities of implementing agencies, including judicial authorities; local governments; organizations of farmers and small-scale producers
  7. 7. & Tenure• Strengthen institutional capacity for tenure for REDD+, to tackle more deeply the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation• Provide tailored technical assistance to countries, on the policy, legal, administrative and operational aspects of tenure, drawing on the Voluntary Guidelines for the Responsible Governance of Tenure
  8. 8. Thank You!

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