T7: SUSTAINABLE  WATERSHED MANAGEMENT: AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT  OF INTEGRATED WATER MANAGEMENT
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T7: SUSTAINABLE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT: AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF INTEGRATED WATER MANAGEMENT

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SUSTAINABLE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT: AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF INTEGRATED WATER MANAGEMENT, BY: A.ELMAJOUDI, Water, Soil Conservation and Forests Protection Division (HCEFLCD- MOROCCO), Land and ...

SUSTAINABLE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT: AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF INTEGRATED WATER MANAGEMENT, BY: A.ELMAJOUDI, Water, Soil Conservation and Forests Protection Division (HCEFLCD- MOROCCO), Land and Water Days in Near East & North Africa, 15-18 December 2013, Amman, Jordan

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T7: SUSTAINABLE  WATERSHED MANAGEMENT: AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT  OF INTEGRATED WATER MANAGEMENT T7: SUSTAINABLE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT: AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF INTEGRATED WATER MANAGEMENT Presentation Transcript

  • SUSTAINABLE WATERSHED SUSTAINABLE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT: AN MANAGEMENT: AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF INTEGRATED WATER INTEGRATED WATER MANAGEMENT MANAGEMENT BY: A.ELMAJOUDI BY: A.ELMAJOUDI Water, Soil Conservation Water, Soil Conservation and Forests and ForestsNear East and North Africa Land & Water Days Near East Protection Division and North Africa Land & Water Days Protection Division 15-18 December 15-18 December (HCEFLCD- MOROCCO) 2013, Amman, Jordan (HCEFLCD- MOROCCO) 2013, Amman, Jordan
  • PRESENTATION OUTLINE 1. Water Ressources in Morocco:  Limited Potentiel  Main constraints  Major challenges facing 2. National Watershed Management Plan 3. Conclsions  Main achievements  Principal learning
  • 1 W ater Ressources in M orocco
  • 1 W ater Ressources in M orocco -10 m Potential under a great demand : Alarming drop in the majority of the ground water Climat change:(extreme events)  Frequent droughts: 20 periods during the past 35 years, Long durations up to 5 year -30 -50 -70 1982 1985 1988 1991 1994 1997 2000 2003 2006 Reduction of Souss groundwater level 60 m in 24 years Reduction of Souss groundwater level 60 m in 24 years Rainfall deficits sometimes exceeding 60%  Frequent floods : Serious floods in urban and rural areas with human and material damages Decrease in rainfall by 40% by the year 2080 Importance of dams for water regulation, storage, and floods mitigation Importance of dams for water regulation, storage, and floods mitigation
  • 1 W ater Ressources in M orocco Soil Erosion Multiple causes:  Natural factors: weakness of vegetable cover, Climatic aggressiveness, steeply sloping relief;  Human factors : Overgrazing, deforestation, improper agricultural practices. Heavy consequences: 11 Million ha threatened by water erosion;  Soil loss (500 t/Km2/year in the Atlas and more than 5,000t/Km2/year in Rif);  Diminution of the soil productivity;  Loss of dams water storage capacity by more than 75 Million m3/year; Loss of 10% in capacity of dam reservoirs,  Water quality deterioration. 1500 1400 Perte en retenues de barrages (millions m3) 1000 895 475 500 155 0 5 1950 50 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
  • Some types of Soil Erosion Runoff and soil loss
  • Overgrazing and overexploitation of forests Serious consequences on water resources and soil both in upstream and in downstream
  • Major challenges facing
  • NATIONAL WATERSHED MANAGEMENT PLAN The Watershed Management at the dams upstream : main component of integrated water management
  • NATIONAL WATERSHED MANAGEMENT PLAN Intervention Priorities per watershed area: - 22 Watershed; - 1,5 million ha over 20 years; - 75 000 ha/ ha/year, 1.1. Mohamed V Mohamed V 2.2. El Wahda El Wahda 3.3. Hassan 1er Hassan 1er 4.4. My Youssef My Youssef 5.5. O. Makhazin O. Makhazin 6.6. Idriss 1er Idriss 1er 7.7. Allal El Fassi Allal El Fassi 8.8. El Kansera El Kansera 9.9. Bin El Ouidane Bin El Ouidane 10. Mansour Eddahbi 10. Mansour Eddahbi 11. Med A. Khattabi 11. Med A. Khattabi 12. Lalla Takerkoust 12. Lalla Takerkoust 13. Med B. Abdellah 13. Med B. Abdellah 14.Youssef B.Tach 14.Youssef B.Tach 15. Aoulouz 15. Aoulouz 16.Al Massira 16.Al Massira 17. Hassan Eddakhil 17. Hassan Eddakhil 18. Ibn Batouta 18. Ibn Batouta 19. Nakhla 19. Nakhla 20. Abdelmoumen 20. Abdelmoumen 21. El Hachef 21. El Hachef 22. Mellah 22. Mellah
  • NATIONAL WATERSHED MANAGEMENT PLAN Management Plans elaborated for 18 Management Plans elaborated for 18 watershed (6.640.000 ha) watershed (6.640.000 ha) Ongoing Watershed projects in 18 Ongoing Watershed projects in 18 Actions of protective plantations, pastoral and forest Actions of protective plantations, pastoral and forest areas development , ,treatment of erosion areas development treatment of erosion concentrated areas and supporting infrastructure concentrated areas and supporting infrastructure
  • Biological Treatment
  • Mechanical treatment
  • THE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT NEW APPROACH Evaluation to promote exchange and dissemination of experiences in the implementation of watershed management projects executed from 1990 to 2000 to develop a new generation programs and development projects. Ongoing interregional programme for poverty alleviation and combating desertification through collaborative watershed management: Ecuador, Morocco and Mauritania
  • Strategies and policies at horizontal and sectoral levels contributing to watershed management Sectoral level Sectoral level F orests National Forest Plan  Decennial program Development plan for protected areas  Master reforestation plan Master plan of action against forest fires  Plan forestier national Water  integrated water resources management director Plan  National Water Plan Agriculture Green Morocco Plan, Pillar 2: fair agriculture Pasture: pasture Strategy Development Horizontal and integrator Horizontal and integrator    National Action Plan for the Environment National Action Programme to combat against desertification Integrated Rural Development Strategy 2020 Implementation Instruments Implementation Instruments  Laws: Water Law…  Fund for Agricultural Development;  Fund for Rural Development;  National Forest Fund;  Technical and financial cooperation,
  • SUSTAINABLE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT  Mitigation of erosion and floods events (Ourika, Sefrou, El Hajeb ...)  Organization of the populations and emergence of a local development dynamics  Involvement of development stakeholders (institutions, NGOs, CL) in a conventional setting and exchange of knowledge and experience;  Capacity building of actors / appropriation of the participatory approach.
  • SUSTAINABLE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT Promoting sustainable watershed management requires:  An inclusive approach involving all stakeholders and oriented towards the long term without forgetting local population short term needs;  Strengthening and synchronization of sectoral action to better integrate local and regional programs  The adaptation funding mechanisms with the requirements of the participative approach Implementation of aaregional project with the support of FAO to the operationalize the Implementation of regional project with the support of FAO to the operationalize the new Watershed magt approach; and ongoing negotiations with KFW for new Watershed magt approach; and ongoing negotiations with KFW for implementation of an integrated water management in aa pilot watershed, involving aa implementation of an integrated water management in pilot watershed, involving continuous process of dialogue between stakeholders. continuous process of dialogue between stakeholders.
  • ‫المشاريع التنموية‬ SUSTAINABLE WATERSHED MANAGEMENT