Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Sustainable agriculture, food security and climate change
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Sustainable agriculture, food security and climate change

2,994
views

Published on

Sustainable Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change - How can climate-smart approaches help to build resilience in food security and agriculture? …

Sustainable Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change - How can climate-smart approaches help to build resilience in food security and agriculture?

Website: http://www.fao.org/climatechange/en/

© FAO: http://www.fao.org

Published in: Education

1 Comment
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,994
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
145
Comments
1
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. UN Climate Change Conference COP18 27 November 2012 | 13:15 - 14:45 Sustainable Agriculture,Food Security and Climate ChangeHow can climate-smart approaches help to build resilience in food security and agriculture?
  • 2. Hunger in developing countries 1990–2012 1990–92: 980 million 2010–12: 852 million North Latin Africa North Africa Caribbean Oceania America Caribbean Oceania 0% 0% 0% Latin 1% 5% 1% 0%America 6% Sub- South- Saharan East Asia South-East Africa 8% Western Sub-Saharan Asia 17% Asia Africa 14% 1% 27% East Asia 20% East Asia South Asia Western 27% 33% Asia 2% South Asia Caucasus 36% Caucasus and Central and Central Asia Asia 1% 1%
  • 3. What is at stake?• Increasing extreme weather events and their devastating consequences to people’s lives, the economy and to nature• Increased temperature and changing rainfall patterns will have an impact on lives, livelihoods, and production of food• Climate change will increase the burden on already vulnerable populations• Specifically, it is critical to support and empower small scale farmers
  • 4. Two goals of our time1. Achieving food security – 870 million hungry – Food production should increase 60-70% by 2050 – Adaptation to climate change critical2. Avoiding dangerous climate change – ”2 degree goal” requires major emission cuts – Agriculture sector, inlcuding forestry = 30% of emissions.. – ..and must be part of the solution
  • 5. Climate-smart agriculture 3 pillars
  • 6. Agricultural growth, strategies for food security: what have we learned?• Increased productivity needed due to limited potential for expansion• Past models are based on increasing input use (fertilizer, improved seeds, irrigation) in high potential production zones• New challenges – lower potential production areas, higher rates of volatility (from markets as well as climate), environmental damage resulting from overuse of inputs, rising energy costs
  • 7. Why is action needed now? Agricultural growth is key to reducing food insecurity• Agriculture sector is the main source of livelihoods of the world’s food insecure• The largest growth in projected populations is expected in agricultural-based economies that already have high food insecurity• Agricultural growth is needed not only to increase food supply, but to increase the incomes of poor producers and rural populations to also increase their access to food
  • 8. Why is action needed now?Negative CC impacts are projected for agricultural-basedpoor areas - adaptation is necessary – adverse impacts of climate change will increase difficulty of obtaining needed agricultural growth. IPCC: Africa to be hit the hardestCurrent emission growth indicates urgent priority ofadaptation – If emissions are continuing to increase, the 2 degree goal will not met. – Agriculture can increase production and has a potential to mitigate at the same time. New investments have to consider both.
  • 9. What is needed?• Climate change adaptation must be incorporated in strategies to achieve agricultural development goals (building resilience in the entire food system – not just production systems)• Incorporating mitigation into planning/strategies can offer potential for additional financing, e.g. think of broader ecosystem services from agriculture
  • 10. Technical support provided by Rome based agencies and other partners1. Data and knowledge for impact and vulnerability assessment and adaptation2. Institutions, policies and financing to strengthen capacities for adaptation3. Sustainable and climate-smart management of land, water and biodiversity4. Technologies, practices and processes for adaptation5. Disaster risk management6. Etc.
  • 11. Adaptation is critical for agriculture and food security• Climate change adaptation is critical for agriculture and food security• Adaptation is addressed all across the agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors.• FAO-ADAPT brings together FAO’s efforts on adaptation: coordinated resource mobilization and programming.• It also reinforces climate-smart agriculture.
  • 12. Sustainable Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change How can climate-smart approaches help to build resilience in food security and agriculture? Side event questions:1. How can climate-smart approaches be used to build resilience in food security and agriculture?2. What are the barriers to scaling-up climate-smart practices, and how can they be overcome?3. How can the poorest and most vulnerable benefit from climate-smart approaches?