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State of Food and Agriculture in the Near East and North Africa Region
 

State of Food and Agriculture in the Near East and North Africa Region

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FAO Regional Conference for the Near East Thirty-Second Session 24 – 28 February 2014, Rome, Italy ...

FAO Regional Conference for the Near East Thirty-Second Session 24 – 28 February 2014, Rome, Italy

State of Food and Agriculture in the Near East and North Africa Region

Agenda Item 9: NERC/14/4

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    State of Food and Agriculture in the Near East and North Africa Region State of Food and Agriculture in the Near East and North Africa Region Presentation Transcript

    • FAO Regional Conference for the Near East Thirty-Second Session 24 – 28 February 2014, Rome, Italy State of Food and Agriculture in the Near East and North Africa Region Agenda Item 9: NERC/14/4 NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
    • Outline of presentation • Undernourishment and Malnutrition in the Region • Major Challenges for Food Security and Nutrition • Elements of a Regional Strategy for Food Security and Nutrition - at the national level - at the regional level - at the international level • Guidance Sought NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
    • Undernourishment and Malnutrition in the Region • Seven countries have achieved MDG1 target of halving the proportion of undernourishment: Algeria, Azerbaijan, Djibouti, Jordan, Kuwait, Kyrgyz Republic and Turkmenistan • The number of chronically undernourished people in the Region in 2010-13 reached 79.4 million (11.2% of the population); higher than in the 2008-2010 • An estimated 43.4% of children under five are stunted • It is estimated that about one quarter of the population in the Region is obese • The double burden of malnutrition is common in the NENA Region NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
    • Major Challenges Demographic trends • High annual population growth rate (2%) • Nearly one-third of the population is under 15 years of age • High and rapidly increasing urbanization: people living in cities represent 58% of the total population in the region; and is projected to reach 70% by 2050. Increasing food import dependency • slow growth in domestic production: due to scarce natural resource base and low productivity • high food losses: estimated at 20% NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
    • Major Challenges High incidence of natural and man-made disasters Frequent incidence of droughts and other natural disasters High exposure to climate change threats Transboundary animal and plant diseases and pests (e.g. desert and highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) • The region exhibits the highest number and intensity of conflicts in the world. Policy and institutional framework • • • • • The need to establish appropriate coordination of the multisectoral aspects of food security and nutrition The need for focus on building long-term resilience to cope with vulnerabilities. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
    • ELEMENTS FOR A REGIONAL STRATEGY Given the diversity of countries in the region, a set of policy actions have been identified from which countries can draw selectively. To address food security and nutrition in a coherent manner, the proposed policy actions are needed at three levels: • National • Regional • International NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
    • ELEMENTS FOR A REGIONAL STRATEGY - selected actions at the national level Three strategic areas for action: A - Enhancing domestic food supply and improving rural livelihoods by addressing lagging productivity growth through increased investment in research and development; B - Reducing exposure to market volatility and other shocks by improving supply chain efficiency; C - Strengthening safety nets and promoting nutrition education. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
    • ELEMENTS FOR A REGIONAL STRATEGY - selected actions at the national level A- Enhancing domestic food supply and improving rural livelihoods • Increasing food productivity especially by smallholders • Providing targeted support to farmers • Investing in rural livelihoods and employment generation for youth and women • Managing water resources in a sustainable manner • Reducing food losses and waste NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
    • ELEMENTS FOR A REGIONAL STRATEGY - selected actions at the national level B- Reducing exposure to market volatility and other shocks • Managing risks and considering establishing food security reserves - Hedging instruments such as future contracts - Establishing, as necessary, food security stocks • Retaining flexibility in border protection for food trade • Rationalizing land acquisitions NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
    • ELEMENTS FOR A REGIONAL STRATEGY - selected actions at the national level C- Strengthening safety nets and promoting diet diversification and nutrition education • Promoting diet diversification and nutrition education • Improving efficiency and effectiveness of social safety nets (SSNs) • Considering incentives and disincentive measures to reduce malnutrition • Relieving demographic pressures NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
    • ELEMENTS FOR A REGIONAL STRATEGY - selected policy actions at the regional level Selected policy options at the regional level: • Strengthening regional cooperation in agricultural and food trade and investment • Consider, as necessary, establishing regional food security stocks • Improving market information, coordination and knowledge exchange - Putting trade surveillance systems in place - Promoting multi-stakeholder dialogue and knowledge exchange at the regional level • Cooperating in conflict resolution NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
    • ELEMENTS FOR A REGIONAL STRATEGY - selected policy actions at the international level Selected policy options at the international level: • Strengthening food assistance programmes • Implementing the WTO Marrakesh Decision on LDCs and NFIDCs • Strengthening WTO disciplines on export restrictions for food products • Rationalizing biofuel mandates and related policies NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
    • Guidance Sought The Conference is invited to: • note the persistence of high levels of undernourishment and malnutrition in the Region, and the fact that conflicts and civil insecurity are major factors aggravating the situation; • take note of the proposed policy elements for a regional strategy for food security and nutrition and encourage countries to step up efforts for improved and coherent policy frameworks for food security and nutrition at the national and regional levels; NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region
    • Guidance Sought (cont.) The Conference is invited to: • welcome the launch by FAO of the regional initiative on food security and nutrition and call on countries to support the initiative, including through provision of extrabudgetary funding; • call on countries to agree on an appropriate institutional framework to host the regional coordination mechanism on food security and nutrition proposed by the 31st NERC. NERC-32 For a Resilient and a Food Secure Region