Improving food security in sub-Saharan Africa by reducing food losses and improving agri-food chain efficiency
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Improving food security in sub-Saharan Africa by reducing food losses and improving agri-food chain efficiency

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Improving food security in sub-Saharan Africa by reducing food losses and improving agri-food chain efficiency ...

Improving food security in sub-Saharan Africa by reducing food losses and improving agri-food chain efficiency
There is huge potential and interest in African countries to develop their agro-food industries and reduce food losses. Interpack is in a unique position to assist African countries and African entrepreneurs to achieve this goal. What can Interpack do?
•Hold regular trade fairs in Africa to foster linkages with African companies and entrepreneurs.
•Investigate the options for collaborative ventures/research to design appropriate processing and packaging equipment for African agro-industries

©FAO/Robert van Otterdijk

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Improving food security in sub-Saharan Africa by reducing food losses and improving agri-food chain efficiency Improving food security in sub-Saharan Africa by reducing food losses and improving agri-food chain efficiency Presentation Transcript

  • R o b e r t v a n O t t e r d i j k IMPROVING FOOD SECURITY IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA BY REDUCING FOOD LOSSES AND IMPROVING AGRI-FOOD CHAIN EFFICIENCY Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction 1 Total quantitative food loss in SSA: 100 million MT/year 2 For grains alone, the value of losses USD 4 billion/per year 3 This can meet the annual caloric requirements of at least 48 million people 4 It exceeds the value of grain imports for Africa and exceeds the value of total food aid received in SSA over the past decade. The magnitude of the problem
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction Strategies for reducing food losses are being adjusted Rapid population growth: 2.1 billion by 2050, 25% of the world’s population. Rapid urbanization: SSA has the highest urban growth rate in the world and the urban population is expected to triple by 2050. Trends in consumption: increasing demand for processed and convenience foods
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction Strategies for reducing food losses are being adjusted Growing influence of private sector enterprises. Demographic transition: the share of youth in Africa is the highest in the world. More than half of Africans are under 25 11 million will join the labour market every year
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction Population in Sub-Saharan Africa 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 1980 1990 2000 2010* 2020* 2030* numberofpopulation(millions) Population in Sub-Saharan Africa rural population urban population Source: FAOSTAT
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction Investment in the agricultural sector Cumulative investments in Africa’s agricultural sector until 2050 are estimated at USD 940 billion. 50% required in agribusiness and agro-industries To be achieved through partnership with the private sector Dialogue and linkages between governments and the private sector through various agro-industry fora and multi-stakeholder platforms e.g. AGRF, EMRC
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction ITEM Sub-Saharan Africa 1. Primary Production (including irrigation & mechanization) 496 2. Downstream Support Services (storage; markets & first stage processing) 444 TOTAL 940 Source: Capital Requirements for Agriculture in Developing Countries to 2050, FAO, Rome, 2009 Cumulative Investments to 2050 in billion US$ Capital requirements to Overcome Hunger
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction Challenges in reducing food losses Agriculture is still predominantly smallholder based. Lack of understanding of ‘Farming as a Business’ The agro-industries sector : large scale (multi-national), micro-scale (informal household) and ‘missing middle’. Limited access to processing equipment and PACKAGING MATERIALS.
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction Food Security through Commercialization of Agriculture (FSCA) FAO/Government of Italy Cooperative Programme since 2007. In Africa covers 14 countries. Transform agriculture into a modern and competitive sector through: • Increased market-oriented production/productivity • Reduced post-harvest/food losses • Enhanced value addition • Promotion of food safety/quality standards • Improved market efficiency
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction Food security through commercialization of agriculture Some achievements of FSCA • In East Africa, project supports about 47,000 people, grouped in 374 FOs/co-ops • 30% have been upgraded into formal FOs/co-ops, • Market transactions increased by 35% for targeted FOs and SMEs • Income at household level increased by approximately 30% • Cross border trade enhanced for selected commodities • Access to credit enhanced (1 M USD in Burundi; USD 300,000 in Uganda) FSCA is considered a flagship programme by the Italian Government and will be promoted during the Italian Presidency of the EU
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction FAO FACILITATING ROLE: THE EXAMPLE OF THE DAIRY VALUE CHAIN IN UGANDA Input Supply Centre One of the dairy farms in Kisoro supported by the project FAO partnerships Training in basic veterinary services delivered by AFRISA to extension services of NAADS SOUTH SUDAN BURUNDI DR CONGO UGANDA RWANDA Packed milk ready for sale Financial institutions providing credit (loans and other services) through Rubuguri SACCO Veterinary drugs and insecticides Rudafa’s initiative with support from FAO Rubuguri Dairy Cooperative (160 households) Birunga Dairy Farm Industries The milk collection centre of Rubuguri Dairy Cooperative, Kisoro, equipped with a milk cooler by FAO A milk tanker provided by FAO. Farmers purchased a truck for mounting the milk tanker with 50 percent contribution from FAO The price of quality milk amounts to 500 Ug Shs in the community , from 200 Ug Shs before the project Presently, an average of 20 000 liters are delivered to the Dairy Corporation each month (out of which 6 000 liters to Birunga Dairy Farm Industries) END MARKET Constraints being addressed: - Lack of a cooling unit at the Rubuguri Collection Centre; - Lack of milk tanker and truck for transportation of the milk to the processing plant; - Poor access to dairy farm inputs; - Inadequate extension services to the dairy farmers; - Inadequate animal husbandry and business skills; - Poor access to finance services.
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction FSCA: facilitating the dairy value chain in Uganda Quality check of milk delivered at the collection centre of Rubuguri Dairy Cooperative, Kisoro, Uganda
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction FSCA: Fruit processing in Guinea Recycling bottles and jars in Guinea
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction FSCA: adding value to pineapple in Rwanda
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction FSCA: Food processing training centre in Senegal
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction FSCA: marketing processed food products in The Gambia
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction Main challenges for FSCA approach 1. Time required for VC and enterprise development often goes beyond project duration 2. Reluctance in changing the mind-set and shift from production/ productivity increase 3. Government staff turnover and different levels in implementation capacity at local level 4. Reluctance in understanding business management 5. Enabling environment for private sector development 6. Market development requires full engagement from all stakeholders 7. Difficulty in ensuring constant supply of raw materials in terms of quantity and quality
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction Recommendations for Interpack There is huge potential and interest in African countries to develop their agro-food industries and reduce food losses. Interpack is in a unique position to assist African countries and African entrepreneurs to achieve this goal. What can Interpack do? • Hold regular trade fairs in Africa to foster linkages with African companies and entrepreneurs. • Investigate the options for collaborative ventures/research to design appropriate processing and packaging equipment for African agro-industries.
  • Global Initiative on Food Loss and Waste Reduction Thank you! R ober t v an Otter dijk