Session 6: Guidelines for rapporteurs and conveners
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Guidelines for rapporteurs and conveners - Session 6: Making research and science reach farmers and end users, Land and Water Days in Near East & North Africa, 15-18 December 2013, Amman, Jordan

Guidelines for rapporteurs and conveners - Session 6: Making research and science reach farmers and end users, Land and Water Days in Near East & North Africa, 15-18 December 2013, Amman, Jordan

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Session 6: Guidelines for rapporteurs and conveners Session 6: Guidelines for rapporteurs and conveners Document Transcript

  • N ENA LAND AND WATER DAYS – Amman, Jordan 15-18 December 2013 Guidelines for rapporteurs and conveners Thank you for taking on this important task. – Your work will enable us to share the outcomes of this session with many more people who could not attend. This template is intended to help you to successfully document the key points and outcomes of your session. Keep in mind that the Land & Water days will contribute to document good practices and positive experiences on land and water management. They will enable the identification of critical actions that may contribute to significant improvement in agriculture water management for food security in the Near East and North Africa. The LWDs will also provide a forum for the discussion on the Regional Collaborative Strategy on Agriculture Water Management. The reporting may vary depending on the session format. In many cases the session will be highly interactive and you will need to document group work, panel/audience interactions, … and agree beforehand with the facilitator if you shall document only group work presentations or also the group work itself. For groups, it is suggested to designate for each group a reporter who can capture the main elements on a flipchart or cards. Please write on each flipchart the name of the session and the number of the flipchart. Taking pictures of each flip-chart will be a great help for reporters. Reminder for good practices A “good practice” can be defined as follows: A good practice is not only a practice that is good, but a practice that has been proven to work well and produce good results, and is therefore recommended as a model. It is a successful experience, which has been tested and validated, in the broad sense, which has been repeated and deserves to be shared so that a greater number of people can adopt it Good practice criteria The following set of criteria will help you determine whether a practice is a “good practice”: 1. Effective and successful: A “good practice” has proven its strategic relevance as the most effective way in achieving a specific objective; it has been successfully adopted and has had a positive impact on individuals and/or communities. 2. Environmentally, economically and socially sustainable: A “good practice” meets current needs, in particular the essential needs of the world’s poorest, without compromising the ability to address future needs. 3. Gender sensitive: A description of the practice must show how actors, men and women, involved in the process, were able to improve their livelihoods. 4. Technically feasible:
  • Technical feasibility is the basis of a “good practice”. It is easy to learn and to implement. 5. Inherently participatory: Participatory approaches are essential as they support a joint sense of ownership of decisions and actions. 6. Replicable and adaptable: A “good practice” should have the potential for replication and should therefore be adaptable to similar objectives in varying situations. 7. Reducing disaster/crisis risks If possible, a “good practice” contributes to disaster/crisis risks reduction for resilience. Recommendations: Please read carefully the reporting template BEFORE the event – The session reporting template will help you understanding objectives and structure of the session as well as leading questions during the session. The template may also include specific guidance for you as rapporteur. You need to meet your session facilitator and conveners before the session. Use a computer to fill the reporting template/Be concise! – During the session you should electronically document the issues raised. Make bullet points and focus on key issues. Do not try to write down each and every comment. Check in the session information sheet which aspects are being addressed in the session (technical/policy/networking etc.). Try to capture the key messages and conclusion for each aspect as well as specific recommendations for follow-up actions already during the session. Check your findings with the facilitator directly after the session and fill together box on key outcomes by objective. Please take pictures of participants during the session and at the end of all the flipcharts and evaluation post-its! Please send the session report using the session reporting template on the same evening to RNE-Land-andWater-Days @fao.org (FAORNE) (in subject –indicate report of session number xx) This is important, because we want to compile the key points from the reporting templates for the following morning and for the synthesis session on Day 4. Guidelines and templates in this booklet have been adapted from those used in previous FAO and IFAD share fair events, and especially those prepared for the Climate Change Days, Rome 2010 http://www.sharefair.net/en/
  • Session reporting template Session Title: Making research and science reach farmers and end users Session number: 6 Type of session (plenary, panel session, other): Technical Session Day – time : 17 December 2013 – 11:00 – 13:00 Place: Fayrouz Convener/coordinator: LAS / CEDARE / AOAD Key speakers (name, organization): Mr. Fawzi Karajeh, ICARDA Mr. Qasem Abdou, Ministry of Agriculture, Palestine Mr. Ahmed Al Samawi, AOAD Mr. Magdi Latif, FAO Facilitator(s): Ebba Augustin Rapporteur: Amr AbdelMeguid Number of participants (total): 30 Number of men: 23 Number of women: 7 Remember to circulate the attendance list for the session Objective of the session: Effectively engage stakeholders in projects development and implementation. it includes design-to-use practical examples to test the use of a range of knowledge-sharing methods: after Action Review, storytelling, peer assist, fishbowl with examples from projects of participants. Rationale (as in preparatory documents or programme): This technical session will explore ways and means to improve information exchange and projects’ outcome reach end users through well designed outreach and dissemination approaches. It will be addressing the capitalisation of experiences and good practices. For this, it will review various experiences to understand in which conditions, the involvement of users has been successful and the implication for project design and implementation. Knowledge sharing method used: Reporting during the session Global ideas issued from the presentations Four presentations were delivered addressing: 2 case studies (applied and tested in Egypt and Sudan in local rural areas) on how research and technology was transferred to farmers and well applied: integrated crop irrigation technology packages, Guidelines and templates in this booklet have been adapted from those used in previous FAO and IFAD share fair events, and especially those prepared for the Climate Change Days, Rome 2010 http://www.sharefair.net/en/
  • economic irrigation efficiency in Jordan Valley in West Bank in Palestine 1 presentation presented a framework for the transfer of research findings to end users, namely farmers, and basically addressing the development and soft reform of agricultural extension. A Fourth presentation by FAO communication officer on the national knowledge management platforms (e.g. VERCON, RADCON, NARIMS, NAIS, and MAFWET) which are designed for strengthening linkages between research and extension for the benefit of farmers. And touched also on regional thematic knowledge networks. Main points of the discussion, the answers and the exchanges Issues/challenges: Gaps between research/best practices and implementation at the local level is basically due to: Weak linkages between research institutions and agricultural extension Agricultural extension services and responsibilities with inadequate resources (financial and capacity) There is a need by farmers for knowledge on methods to improve their agricultural productivity, however many are still in the business as usual, due to low educational level, poverty, and small scale ownership, in addition to the above. Recommendations/approaches/solutions: PARTICIPATION Engagement of farmers together with other stakeholders in all projects’ phases including design, planning and implementation Bottom up approaches Selection of entry point farmers in the rural communities (based on certain criteria including social, economic, etc.) for the introduction and implementation of pilot and demonstration projects Work through farmer organizations, WUAs, cooperatives, etc. Incentive systems for adoption of research findings and technologies and guarantee for productivity and financial benefits and compensation systems in case of failures, in addition to marketing support (plant what market and market what we can plant) RESEARCH As research is needed on innovations, it is also needed to bring innovations to farmers (i.e. research on whole knowledge chain) Registration of crops/seed varieties by the government agencies (trust building) Conduct research on drudgery relieving technology especially for women AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICES There is a need for investment and developing strategies for reform of agricultural extension systems including; responsibly, financial resources allocation, capacity development and training, etc.) Improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the agricultural extensions to be more science-oriented and demand-driven UPSCALING OF GOOD PRACTICIES Engagement of media for outreach and dissemination of good practices Public Private partnership (PPP) among various actors; farmers, service providers, large farmer investors, civil Guidelines and templates in this booklet have been adapted from those used in previous FAO and IFAD share fair events, and especially those prepared for the Climate Change Days, Rome 2010 http://www.sharefair.net/en/
  • society for knowledge transfer Farmer to farmer knowledge transfer / farmer schools Aggregation and documentation of success stories/good practices in the region Promoting agri-business bringing small scale farmers and private sector (knowledge transfer) CHANGE OF BEHAVIOR Change in behavior of farmers/stabilizing this behaviour Awareness raising of farmers, cross visits and using farmer to farmer approach for upscaling If possible, try to identify the participants name Use their quotes when possible Other issues of interest raised (specify the issue and target session) e.g. Guidelines / manuals referred to as used/useful or commented about e.g. Funding/networking opportunities, key contact, etc. e.g. Related topics to be picked up in another session or at another occasion Please add Participation and demand driven-research is the key for linking research and end users 1 quote that you think summarizes your session well 1 sentence that brings out the key message of the discussion. Something that somebody said that was especially witty. Guidelines and templates in this booklet have been adapted from those used in previous FAO and IFAD share fair events, and especially those prepared for the Climate Change Days, Rome 2010 http://www.sharefair.net/en/
  • Agricultural Extension services should be science oriented and demand driven This will be used for the final debriefing session Immediately after the session (by rapporteur – convener - facilitator): How has the session contributed to the land and water days expected outputs? Please comment on the concrete outputs/outcomes. 1. Technologies and approaches: what works and what does not work Constraints and solutions. Constraints: Gaps between research/best practices and implementation at the local level is basically due to: Weak linkages between research institutions and agricultural extension Agricultural extension services and responsibilities with inadequate resources (financial and capacity) There is a need by farmers for knowledge on methods to improve their agricultural productivity, however many still are in the business as usual, due to low educational level, poverty, and small scale ownership, in addition to the above. Solutions PARTICIPATION RESEARCH should be demand-driven UPSCALING OF GOOD PRACTICIES AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICES CHANGE OF BEHAVIOR 2. What do we need to know in order to be able to replicate this practice and / or to scale it up? UPSCALING OF GOOD PRACTICIES Engagement of media for outreach and dissemination of good practices Public Private partnership (PPP) among various actors; farmers, service providers, large farmer investors, for knowledge transfer Farmer to farmer knowledge transfer / farmer schools Aggregation and documentation of success stories/good practices in the region Promoting agri-business bringing small scale farmers and private sector (knowledge transfer) 3. What are the lessons learned identified in this session? There is a need for investment and developing strategies for reform of agricultural extension systems including; responsibly, financial resources allocation, capacity development and training, etc.) Improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the agricultural extensions to be more science-oriented and Guidelines and templates in this booklet have been adapted from those used in previous FAO and IFAD share fair events, and especially those prepared for the Climate Change Days, Rome 2010 http://www.sharefair.net/en/
  • demand-driven Participatory planning approaches should be adopted 4. Options and recommendations to develop for the Regional Collaborative Strategy within the framework of Regional Water Scarcity Initiative. General ideas on networking and experiences exchange came through. Building on existing regional platforms. Partnerships for synergies. 5. What are the findings and recommendations in terms of partnership? There is a need for partnership to build synergies among existing initiatives 6. Is there a practice that was addressed that could be a good practice or become one and why? Refer to definition and criteria on page 1 The practice of implementing integrated crop irrigation technology packages in selected local communities in Egypt and Sudan where it increased the wheat agricultural productivity to 140% Participatory planning approaches adopted in communities for climate resilience to increase agricultural productivity and improve livelihoods Why? These practices engage and benefit the local communities to improve the farmers income and their livelihoods. Guidelines and templates in this booklet have been adapted from those used in previous FAO and IFAD share fair events, and especially those prepared for the Climate Change Days, Rome 2010 http://www.sharefair.net/en/
  • Participants’ feedback Post-its should be distributed to all the participants before the end of the session. They should write their answers on the right colour post-it : 1. 2. What have you liked / learned or taken back from this session? (pink for women - orange for men) According to you, what was missing or what else would you like to know on this subject? (green for women and blue for men What have you liked / learned or taken back from this session Women Men Well organized, timed, and focused Good overview of existing good practices Interesting and important topic Interested in ICARDA’s experience on increasing the wheat productivity to 140% and need to know more Well organized, facilitated, and managed Good topic and rich discussions Good case studies presented Variety of experiences What was missing or what else would you like to know on this subject Women Men More time is needed for discussions Need more explanation on how extension services can be improved to adopt commendations of research Need more information on how to upscale good practices Need more case studies Need to know about “niche-crops” Reflection on female farmers was limited No representation of farmers in the session Time limited for this interesting topic and rich discussions Some presentations were theoretical on suggested frameworks There is a need for more good practices and their documentation Picture of all the post-its should be taken at the end of the session. Transcription of the comments should be done right after the session The flipchart should be given back to the facilitators team. Signed by Rapporteur: Amr AbdelMeguid Lead technical facilitator: Domitille Vallee Please send this back to us by the end of day so it can be integrated in the recap session tomorrow morning. Send it to Amr.Fadlelmawla@fao.org (cc. elodie.perrat@fao.org) with the number of your session in subject line Thank you! Guidelines and templates in this booklet have been adapted from those used in previous FAO and IFAD share fair events, and especially those prepared for the Climate Change Days, Rome 2010 http://www.sharefair.net/en/