Reducing FLW in Europe and Central Asia
for improved food security and agri-food chain efficiency
Stjepan Tanic
FAO Region...
Food losses – on farms, during processing,
transport, storage, and at markets – undermine
food security in many parts of E...
 Assessment of food losses and waste in Europe and
Central Asia (ECA)
 Patterns of losses and waste in agri-food chains
...
 FAO examined food losses and waste in the region, comparing
low-, middle- and high-income countries, and looking at seve...
Assessment of food losses and waste
in Europe and Central Asia
High income countries Mid income countries Low income count...
Patterns of losses and waste in agri-food
chains
 In cereals oversupply, purchasing capacity and consumer
preferences for...
Patterns of losses and waste in agri-food
chains
 In middle income countries high production and consumption
phase losses...
Main causes for food losses and waste
 Resources andTechnologies
 absence of investment due to the overall unfavorable i...
Main causes for food losses and waste
 Value Chain Coordination and Supply Logistics
 fragmented nature of agri-food pro...
Main causes for food losses and waste
 Trade andTaxation Policies
 exports driven by state controls, protectionist polic...
Initiatives and actions taken to reduce food
losses and waste
 Awareness-raising of consumers and food waste reduction
an...
Initiatives and actions taken to reduce food
losses and waste
 Promotion of food waste management programmes
including th...
Further options to reduce food losses and
waste in ECA
 Stimulating Investment in Technology Upgrades
 investment climat...
Thank you
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Reducing FLW in Europe and Central Asia for improved food security and agri-food chain efficiency

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Food losses on farms, during processing, transport, storage, and at markets undermine food security in many parts of Europe and Central Asia.

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Reducing FLW in Europe and Central Asia for improved food security and agri-food chain efficiency

  1. 1. Reducing FLW in Europe and Central Asia for improved food security and agri-food chain efficiency Stjepan Tanic FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia
  2. 2. Food losses – on farms, during processing, transport, storage, and at markets – undermine food security in many parts of Europe and Central Asia In the developing countries, post-harvest losses can amount to as much as 40 % of production Food wasted by consumers – or by the stores and restaurants is only half of the story While consumer behaviour is important, food loss and wastage needs to be seen as a cross- cutting policy issue and not just a lifestyle choice Introduction
  3. 3.  Assessment of food losses and waste in Europe and Central Asia (ECA)  Patterns of losses and waste in agri-food chains  Main causes for food losses and waste  Initiatives and actions taken to reduce food losses and waste ECA  Further options to reduce food losses and waste in ECA Overview Please click to link.
  4. 4.  FAO examined food losses and waste in the region, comparing low-, middle- and high-income countries, and looking at seven different agri-food chains  Notable differences in the patterns of food losses and waste were found depending on income levels  Most of the L&W in developed countries occur at the distribution and consumption stage, in the middle and low-income countries at the production and post-harvest stages of the agri-food chain Assessment of food losses and waste in Europe and Central Asia
  5. 5. Assessment of food losses and waste in Europe and Central Asia High income countries Mid income countries Low income countries
  6. 6. Patterns of losses and waste in agri-food chains  In cereals oversupply, purchasing capacity and consumer preferences for fresh bread as well as higher discard rates of other cereals products result in nearly 25 % wastage by high income consumers  Losses of roots and tubers in high income countries during the harvesting, processing and packaging are largely the result of high quality standards, offcuts and cancelled orders from retail chains
  7. 7. Patterns of losses and waste in agri-food chains  In middle income countries high production and consumption phase losses, as well as an increasing level of post-harvest handling and storage losses due to poor cold chain logistics and storage capacity are major factors of losses  Extent of FLW differs depending whether the specific product is produced and marketed by small producers and retailers, or by large producers applying modern technologies, production and retail practices.
  8. 8. Main causes for food losses and waste  Resources andTechnologies  absence of investment due to the overall unfavorable investment climate and difficulty of doing business compounded by discouragingly high interest rates  Management, Marketing and Product Development  farmers’ conservative and traditional production methods and practices; poor transportation practices and undue delays caused by poor management and planning; lack of information on optimal varieties and breeds demanded by retail sector
  9. 9. Main causes for food losses and waste  Value Chain Coordination and Supply Logistics  fragmented nature of agri-food production caused by the breakup of former state and collective farms; value chain and supply logistics considered as less important  Consumer Preference and Oversupply  demand for high quality standards causing sorting out after the harvest and processing; oversupply and low prices also encourage consumers to buy excessive amounts of food
  10. 10. Main causes for food losses and waste  Trade andTaxation Policies  exports driven by state controls, protectionist policies on imports and import quotas and quality certification requirements of the trade blocks; excessive supervision, particularly of more perishable agri-food produce at borders sometimes due to anachronistic regulations  Food Safety and Quality Standards  overcomplicated regulation and control by multiple agencies, results in confusion among private sector agri-food chain actors, and a broad non-conformity of practice with regulation.
  11. 11. Initiatives and actions taken to reduce food losses and waste  Awareness-raising of consumers and food waste reduction and prevention campaigns  Youth education and public education campaigns  Promotion of responsible food management practices as a part of corporate-social responsibility  Establishment of food banks taking into consideration the principles of food safety, involving support by government, private sector and civil society
  12. 12. Initiatives and actions taken to reduce food losses and waste  Promotion of food waste management programmes including the use for bioenergy and recycling  Programmes and initiatives for improvement of post- harvest technologies, logistics and food safety standards  Support to development of short food supply chains and local markets  Research and monitoring programmes, and sharing of practices for food loss and waste reduction.
  13. 13. Further options to reduce food losses and waste in ECA  Stimulating Investment in Technology Upgrades  investment climate improvement and access to finance, Improving quality and quantity of supply (standardisation, producer organizations)  Upgrading the Skills and Capacity Development  advisory services, investing in skills upgrades and exposure to modern technologies and practices for technical and business managers  L&W Reduction in the Distribution and Consumption Phases  provision of market information and schemes for classification of products; rising consumer and catering provider awareness
  14. 14. Thank you

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