Livestock Identification / Registration among the West Eurasia Countries: Livestock survey
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Livestock Identification / Registration among the West Eurasia Countries: Livestock survey

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This ppt highlights the results of a survey aiming: ...

This ppt highlights the results of a survey aiming:
-To gain an insight of the Livestock Identification/registration systems already in place among the West Eurasia Countries
- To identify/prioritize areas of improvement
- To identify possible areas of international/trans-boundary cooperation between neighboring countries.
The Survey consisted of a questionnaire distributed 3 weeks before the Baku meeting.
Almost all questions as YES/NO or tick-boxes.
Filled questionnaires received from 10 Countries:
Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey

Author Abdul Baqi Mehraban
Livestock Development Officer
FAO-SEC


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  • 1. Livestock Identification / Registration among the West Eurasia Countries Results of a SurveyAbdul Baqi MehrabanLivestock Development OfficerFAO-SEC
  • 2. Objectives of the Survey:  To gain an insight of the Livestock Identification/registration systems already in place among the West Eurasia Countries  To identify/prioritize areas of improvement  To identify possible areas of international/trans-boundary cooperation between neighboring countries Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 3. Description of the SurveyA questionnaire distributed 3 weeks before the Baku meeting. Almost all questions as YES/NO or tick-boxes. Dully filled questionnaires received from 10 Countries Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey Many thanks to all who responded !!!! Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 4. Description of the Survey Questions restricted to FMD susceptible species: cattle - sheep/goats - pigs Questions covered 5 main areas : • Livestock Registration Systems (list of all the holdings, or farms or villages keeping livestock at national level (for the entire country ) or at local level • Livestock identification systems: (systems for marking animals individually in order to identify them) • Movement Tracing: (movements of animals inside the country but also between countries) • Movements of animals in case of FMDGeneral remark :Replies were more relevant for Cattle and Sheep - Goats , less for Pigs (in half of thereplies there were either no pig replies or a comment for a very small pig population). Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 5. Results: (1) What are the most common husbandry system(s) for cattle ? 100% 80% 60% 40.00% 40% 30.00% 20.00% 20% 10.00% 0% (1.1) Nomadic herds (1.2) Animals grazing (1.3) Animals kept (1.4) Industrial and ones that make mostly outdoors – no mostly indoors no holdings - intensive seasonal movements seasonal movements seasonal movements rearing Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 6. Results: (1) What are the most common husbandry system(s) for sheep/goats ? 100% 80.00% 80% 60% 40% 20% 10.00% 10.00% 0.00% 0% (1.1) Nomadic herds (1.2) Animals grazing (1.3) Animals kept (1.4) Industrial and ones that make mostly outdoors – no mostly indoors no holdings - intensive seasonal movements seasonal movements seasonal movements rearing Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 7. RESULTS: LIVESTOCK REGISTRATION SYSTEMS – National lists of livestock(2) Is there a national list of holdings, or farms or villages keeping livestock ? (2) 100.00% 100% 90.00% 80% (1) Cattle 60% (2) Sheep/Goats (3) Pigs 40% 30.00% 20% 0% (1) Cattle (2) Sheep/Goats (3) Pigs Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 8. RESULTS: LIVESTOCK REGISTRATION SYSTEMS – National lists of livestock(2.2-2.5) What is the Information included in the national list ?100% Cattle 80.00% 80.00% 80.00% Sheep/Goats80% Pigs 70.00% 70.00% 70.00%60%40% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 20.00%20% 10.00% 0% (2.2) List of (2.3) List of (2.4) List of (2.5) List of (2.2) List of (2.3) List of (2.4) List of (2.5) List of (2.2) List of (2.3) List of (2.4) List of (2.5) List of livestock farms villages keeping herds livestock farms(premises) villages keeping herds livestock farms(premises) villages keeping herds owners (premises) livestock owners livestock owners livestock
  • 9. RESULTS: LIVESTOCK REGISTRATION SYSTEMS – National lists of livestock(3) Who is responsible to keep and update the national list?100% Cattle Sheep/Goats 80.00% 80% Pigs 70.00% 60% 40.00% 40% 30.00% 20.00% 20.00% 20.00% 20% 10.00% 10.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0% (3.1) (3.2) (3.3) (3.4) Other (3.1) (3.2) (3.3) (3.4) Other (3.1) (3.2) (3.3) (3.4) Other National National National National National National National National National Veterinary Authorities Farmers’ Veterinary Authorities Farmers’ Veterinary Authorities Farmers’ Authorities other than associations Authorities other than associations Authorities other than associations the the the Veterinary Veterinary Veterinary Authorities Authorities Authorities (3)
  • 10. RESULTS: LIVESTOCK REGISTRATION SYSTEMS – National lists of livestock(3.5) How often is the national list updated ? 40 36 (1) Cattle 35 30 25Months 20 15 12 12 12 12 10 6 6 5 1 1 0
  • 11. RESULTS: LIVESTOCK REGISTRATION SYSTEMS – National lists of livestock(3.5) How often is the national list updated ? 40 36 35 (2) Sheep/Goats 30 25Months 20 15 12 12 12 10 6 6 5 1 1 0
  • 12. SUMMARY ON LIVESTOCK REGISTRATION SYSTEMSHusbandry systems• Cattle , kept indoors / grazing outdoors are rarely subject to seasonal movements.• In small ruminants the majority of countries reported nomadic systems/seasonal movements as the most likely practices .• Pigs , an apparently less significant population, are either kept indoors or make part of a few industrial holdings in some countries. Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 13. SUMMARY ON LIVESTOCK REGISTRATION SYSTEMS All countries have national lists of cattle and sheep goats(9/10), but only a few for pigs (3/10)The National Lists of cattle and small ruminants : •usually include lists of owners, farms and villages •60% of the countries they are electronic •They are usually filled by the National Veterinary Authorities of each country •in most cases updated once per year (in some countries every 1-6 months or up to 36 months) Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 14. SUMMARY ON LIVESTOCK REGISTRATION SYSTEMSMost countries (80%) also keep Local Lists of cattle /small ruminants: •Almost same information like the relevant national lists •Kept by the Local Veterinary or other Authorities •Updated with the same frequency with National Lists Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 15. RESULTS: LIVESTOCK IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS(6.1-6.2) Do they apply- are they mandatory? 100% (6.1) Identification systems are present 80% 60% 50.00% 40% 20% 10.00% 0.00% 0% (1) Cattle (2) Sheep/Goats (3) Pigs 6.1
  • 16. RESULTS: LIVESTOCK IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS(6.1-6.2) Do they apply- are they mandatory? 100% (6.1) Identification systems are mandatory 80% 60% 40% 30.00% 20.00% 20% 10.00% 0% (1) Cattle (2) Sheep/Goats (3) Pigs 6.2)
  • 17. RESULTS: LIVESTOCK IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS(6.3) Estimated percentages of farm animals that bear some individual identification Cattle (replies from 7 countries) 100 100 95 90 80 75 70 60 50 40 30 20 0.5 10 10 10 4 0
  • 18. RESULTS: LIVESTOCK IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS(6.3) Estimated percentages of farm animals that bear some individual identification Sheep/Goats (replies from 4 countries) 100 100 90 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 10 0.5 0
  • 19. RESULTS: LIVESTOCK IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS(6.4) What are the common methods used for individual animal identification ? Cattle 100.00% 100% 80% 60% 40% 20.00% 20% 10.00% 10.00% 0.00% 0% (1) Ear tag (2) Tattoo (3) Electronic bolus (4) Branding (5) Other (6.4)
  • 20. RESULTS: LIVESTOCK IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS(6.4) What are the common methods used for individual animal identification ? Sheep/Goats 100% 80% 60% 40.00% 40% 20.00% 20% 10.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0% (1) Ear tag (2) Tattoo (3) Electronic bolus (4) Branding (5) Other (6.4)
  • 21. RESULTS: LIVESTOCK IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS(6.6) The animal identification records, are they paper based or electronic ? 100% 80.00% 80% Cattle 60% Sheep/Goats Pigs 40% 30.00% 30.00% 20.00% 20.00% 20% 10.00% 0% Paper Based Electronic Paper Based Electronic Paper Based Electronic (6.6) Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 22. RESULTS: LIVESTOCK IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS Cattle(6.7) Who fills the animal identification records ? Sheep/Goats Pigs 100% 80.00% 80% 60% 40.00% 40% 30.00% 20.00% 20.00% 20.00% 20.00% 20% 10.00% 10.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0% (1) (2) Private (3) Farmer (4)Other (1) (2) Private (3) Farmer (4)Other (1) (2) Private (3) Farmer (4)Other Government veterinarian Government veterinarian Government veterinarian veterinarian veterinarian veterinarian (6.7) Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 23. SUMMARY ON LIVESTOCK IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS Practically present only for cattle, in half the countries (mandatory only in 3 countries). In 1-2 countries reported for small ruminants and pigs too. In most countries, where cattle identification is present, it is estimated that 10% or less of the cattle bear individual identification (mostly ear tags). A couple of countries however reported high levels (above 90%) of individual identification among all ruminants. Records of livestock identification are mostly paper based (some electronic records reported too) and usually filled by Government Veterinarians . Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 24. RESULTS: MOVEMENT TRACING – Inside the country(7.1) Do livestock animals need some kind of authorization prior to movement inside thecountry ? 100% 90.00% 80.00%Authorisation is 80%required prior tomovement 60% 40.00% 40% 20% 0% (1) Cattle (2) Sheep/Goats (3) Pigs (7.1) Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 25. RESULTS: MOVEMENT TRACING – Inside the country(7.2) What kind of authorization is needed for movements of animals inside the country ? Cattle 100% Sheep/Goats Pigs 80.00% 80% 70.00% 60.00% 60.00% 60% 50.00% 40.00% 40% 20.00% 20.00% 20% 10.00% 0% Movement Health Other Movement Health Other Movement Health Other permit certificate permit certificate permit certificate (7.2) Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4 th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 26. RESULTS: MOVEMENT TRACING – Inside the country(7.3) Are there any records of animal movements ? Cattle 100% Sheep/Goats Pigs 80% 60% 50.00% 40.00% 40.00% 40% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 30.00% 20.00% 20% 10.00% 0% YES paper YES NO YES paper YES NO YES paper YES NO electronic electronic electronic (7.3) Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 27. RESULTS: MOVEMENT TRACING – Inside the country(7.4) Who authorizes animal movements within the country ? Cattle Sheep/Goats Pigs 100% 90.00% 90.00% 80% 60.00% 60% 40% 20% 10.00% 10.00% 10.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0% (1) (2) Police (3) Other (1) (2) Police (3) Other (1) (2) Police (3) Other Veterinary Veterinary Veterinary Authorities Authorities Authorities (7.4) Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 28. RESULTS: MOVEMENT TRACING – International (to and from other countries) (8.3) What is the competent authority responsible to authorize import and export of live animals to other countries ? 100.00% 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 10.00% 10.00% 0.00% 0% (1) Veterinary (2) Customs (3) Police (4) Other Authorities Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 29. RESULTS: MOVEMENT TRACING – Border Controls (8.5) What are the COMPETENT AUTHORITIES No of Border responsible for official border controls of live Country Inspection Posts animals ? (imported or exported) Afghanistan 9 100% Armenia 9 80.00% 80% Azerbaijan 11 60% Georgia 13 Iran 41 40% 30.00% Iraq 14 20.00% 20% Kazakhstan 34 0.00% 0% Syria 23 (1) Veterinary (2) Customs (3) Police (4) Other Authorities Tajikistan 17 Turkey 8 Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 30. SUMMARY ON MOVEMENT CONTROLS WITHIN EACH COUNTRYIn the majority of countries (80-90%) movements of Cattle and Sheep/Goats are subject to authorisation (health certificate ±movement permit) granted mostly by the Veterinary Authorities. In pigs some movement control reported too (authorisation required in 40% of the countries) .Livestock movement records reported to exist in 7/10 countries (paper or electronic) . Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 31. SUMMARY ON MOVEMENT CONTROLS WITHIN EACH COUNTRY Official controls to detect unauthorised livestock movements are carried out jointly by the Veterinary Authorities and the Police. Half or more of the countries reported that UNAUTHORISED movements of ruminants/pigs may occur sometimes. Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 32. SUMMARY ON MOVEMENT TRACING BETWEEN COUNTRIES (IMPORTS – EXPORTS) In all countries Imports – Exports of live animals are authorised by the Veterinary Authorities In most cases border controls are carried out by the Veterinary Authorities and/or Customs, sometimes assisted by the Police. Unauthorised IMPORTS of livestock were reported to occur (30%) or rarely while unauthorised EXPORTS less frequently, 20%-10%). The number of Border Inspection Posts per country is usually around 10-15, although a couple of countries reported more than 20 or 30. Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 33. GENERAL CONCLUSIONS - REMARKS Livestock registration (owners, farms, villages) is in place to some extent for cattle as well as small ruminants. Individual animal identification is very low in most countries and practically present only in cattle. Situation may vary significantly between countries. Movement restrictions in case of FMD may vary significantly between countries, in some cases they do not even apply. Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 34. GENERAL CONCLUSIONS - REMARKS Most countries plan to improve their animal movement control systems (particularly for ruminants) both within their territory as well as for exports/imports. If achieved this could greatly contribute in FMD control in the area. Introduction of electronic systems both in Livestock Registration as well as in Livestock Identification could help improve the situation. The presence of nomadic sheep / goat populations in many countries poses an extra challenge for FMD control in West Eurasia. Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan
  • 35. I HAVE TO GO NOW Livestock Identification / Registration Survey 4th West Eurasian Annual Roadmap meeting 2-4 April 2013, Baku -Azerbaijan