Info/Training 5: Forestry approaches to reduce water scarcity in the Near East: Achieving results

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Info/Training 5: Forestry approaches to reduce water scarcity in the Near East: Achieving results, By Alberto Del Lungo, FAO Forestry Department ,Land and Water Days in Near East & North Africa, 15-18 December 2013, Amman, Jordan

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  • exacerbates the effects of unsustainable management practices - accelerates desertification and land degradation- threatens water supply, food security and the continuity of other vital environmental services
  • Treated waste water:Can be used on fruit trees and in forestry systems for provision of wood and biomassCan be used on integrated landscape management: forestry and agroforestry systems (multi sectorial framework)Two methodologies developed by Italian Universities are adopted by the project:Phyto-depuration (or Constructed wetlands): wastewater is filtered by vegetation. The System is cost-effective, affordable and sustainable for rural communities in remote dry areas (technical support of the University of Tuscia, Italy)Ferti-irrigation system: the wastewater used is only partially treated. Most of the organic matter is re-used for irrigation purposes to increase and store carbon content in the soil (technical support of the University of Basilicata, Italy)
  • On project countries:Increased quality and availability of water for agro-forestry production;Poverty reduction through: 1) increased food security 2) enhanced income opportunities (the improvement of agroforestry production (availability of trees for land protection, shelterbelts, fodder, biomass, fuelwood….) improves the income of rural population);Desertification control and improvement of soil quality and productivity;Facilitate networking and exchange of information on the use of TWW via technical and scientific cooperation, student and experts exchanges and website;Training provided at different levels: a Moroccan PhD student will be trained at the University of Basilicata; Scientists of the University of Alexandria and professionals of the Undersecretariat for afforestation will be trained in forest management practices; project stakeholder countries will be connected through a Project website for networking and exchange of information on the use of TWW.On donor country:Increased visibility of Italy through involvement of Italian project partner institutions. The Italian contribution is not only financial (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) but also technical. Many institutions are involved as project partners (CorpoForestaledelloStato, National Council for Researches, Research Council in Agriculture, University of Basilicata, University of Tuscia) in transferring Italian knowledge and technology through technical and scientific training and country capacity building.
  • Info/Training 5: Forestry approaches to reduce water scarcity in the Near East: Achieving results

    1. 1. Near East & North Africa 15-18 December 2013 Info/Training 5: Forestry approaches to reduce water scarcity in the Near East: Achieving results Alberto Del Lungo, FAO Forestry Department
    2. 2. NENA Countries • Evapotranspiratio n exceeds precipitation – no matter the amount • Water scarcity limits the production of crops forage, wood and other ecosystem services World Drylands
    3. 3. Forestry in some Mediterranean countries with arid zones Country Total forest area mill ha Planted forest area mill ha % tot for Libya 0.2 0.2 100 Sudan 70 6.1 8.7 Turkey 11 3.4 30.2 Spain 18 2.7 14.7 Egypt 0.07 0.07 100 Tunisia 1 0.7 70 Source: FAO Forest Resource Assessment 2010
    4. 4. Critical issues in arid zones from the Forestry point of view • • • • • • • • • • Water scarcity Deforestation and forest degradation Soil erosion and low water retention capacity Desertification Climate change Low land productivity coupled with droughts Low priority in national policies Lack of capacity Low, short-term investment Poverty and increased population
    5. 5. What Forestry Department does on forest and water related issues to address water scarcity in Near East and North African Countries? • Watershed Management • Use of Non Conventional Waters in Forestry and Agroforestry Systems • Support good practices for Afforestation/Reforestation in Arid Zones
    6. 6. Watershed (?) The geographical area drained by a water course The concept apply to units ranging from a farm crossed by a creek to a large river or a lake basin
    7. 7. Watershed environmental services and benefits
    8. 8. Watershed risks and threats • Population growth, abandonment • Pressure on NR, degradation, desertification • Increasing hazards • Infrastructures • Poor afforestation practices • Climate change
    9. 9. Watershed Management (?)
    10. 10. Addressing the normative work
    11. 11. New integrated approach
    12. 12. Building international partnerships
    13. 13. Stakeholder involvement in watershed management
    14. 14. ... And country capacity building ...
    15. 15. Forestry’s Watershed Management Field Projects 1992-2012 NENA Countries
    16. 16. Use of non conventional waters in arid zones, why? • • • • • • • To improve availability of water in arid zones To reduce forestry and agroforestry degradation To reduce soil erosion and low water retention capacity To combat Desertification To improve land productivity To strengthen country capacity building To ensure food security and poverty alleviation
    17. 17. Treated waste water, why? • • • • • Arid zones countries are lacking of fresh water and are “reach” of untreated waste water Waste water discharged in the environment creates serious problems of environmental pollution and increase of soil salinity and desertification BUT If treated well can provide an alternative source of water and reduce competition for fresh water Can be safely used on fruit trees and in forestry systems for provision of wood and biomass Can be used on integrated landscape management: forestry and agroforestry systems
    18. 18. Use of treated waste water in forestry and agroforestry systems of arid zones GCP/RAB/013/ITA Transfer of innovative methodologies adopted for treating water • Phyto-depuration: Wastewater is filtered by vegetation • Ferti-irrigation system: the wastewater used is only partially treated. Most of the organic matter is re-used for irrigation purposes to increase carbon storage in the soil
    19. 19. Project activities during the first year • • • • ALGERIA: Transfer of knowledge and technologies on phyto-depuration EGYPT: Support country capacity building to ensure sustainable management of forests irrigated with treated waste water MOROCCO: Transfer of knowledge and technologies on fertirrigation TUNISIA: Transfer of knowledge and technologies on phyto-depuration and fertirrigation
    20. 20. Strengthening transfer of knowledge through networking and communication • • • • • • PhD student University of Marrakech – University of Basilicata Training in Egypt Workshop in Marrakech, Morocco Workshop in Cairo, Egypt Workshop in Potenza, Italy Project website as document repository of the project activities www.fao.org/forestry/tww
    21. 21. Expected impacts • Increased quality and availability of water for agro-forestry production • Increased food security • Enhanced income opportunities • Desertification control and improvement of soil quality and productivity • Facilitate networking and exchange of information on the use of TWW • Transfer of knowledge and integration within Mediterranean countries
    22. 22. • THANK YOU

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