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MASSCOTE: Modernization of Management, Operation, and Maintenance of Irrigation Systems
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MASSCOTE: Modernization of Management, Operation, and Maintenance of Irrigation Systems

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MASSCOTE: Modernization of Management, Operation, and Maintenance of Irrigation Systems, By Giovanni Munoz, FAO Investment Centre Division …

MASSCOTE: Modernization of Management, Operation, and Maintenance of Irrigation Systems, By Giovanni Munoz, FAO Investment Centre Division

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  • 1. MASSCOTE Modernization of Management, Operation, and Maintenance of Irrigation Systems Giovanni Munoz FAO Investment Centre Division
  • 2. Overview • Why modernize irrigation systems? • Increasingly complex irrigation management • Irrigation Modernization definition • Service Oriented Management and operation • MASSCOTE methodology – elements, framework, application • Example(s)
  • 3. Modernization to improve performance • Irrigation performance often lower than expected -improvements are critically needed. • Modernization a continuing process that aim to bring about improvements.
  • 4. Irrigation System Modernization FAO 1997 Definition of Modernization: A process of technical and managerial upgrading (as opposed to mere rehabilitation) of irrigation schemes with the objective to improve resource utilization (labor, water, economics, environmental) and water delivery service to farms.
  • 5. Service Oriented Management WATER – INFORMATION - MONEY Remunerates Adjusts the demand Controls the offer Contrôle l’offre Service Provider USER produce s SERVICE Measures delivers to Fournit à Charges
  • 6. Irrigation System Operation • To produce a service to users through specific interventions on the surface infrastructure • Must be integrated in a context of conjunctive use of water and multiple uses of water
  • 7. Spatial heterogeneity • Heterogeneity of “context-service-physical capacity” is the norm, not the exception! • Managing with the same processes, targets, service levels and inputs is not sound! • With SOM heterogeneity increases even further
  • 8. Specific functions • Storage • Control • Conveyance • Measurement • Diversion • Safety • Distribution • Transmission
  • 9. Dilemma • To what level should we disaggregate the service and management? • Where should we split the management / operation? • What is a good compromise between efficiency of organization and management (unity) and serving numerous end users with tailored services (multiplicity) ?
  • 10. Making sense A command area of 30,000 ha is likely to be composed of : •1 Main canal •10 Secondary Canals (3,000 ha) •50 Tertiary Canals (600 ha) •1,000 Quaternary Canals (30 ha) •30,000 farmers (1ha)
  • 11. MApping System & Services for Canal Operation TEchniques Based on FAO experiences in Asia on Modernization of Canal Operation
  • 12. MASSCOTE Elements • Focus on Canal Operation BUT Scope on Management: canals don’t lie • SOM: the service to users is the central and only goal of Management, Operation and Maintenance • Heterogeneity of service: based on the physical constraints, opportunities, demand for service, willingness to pay.
  • 13. MASSCOTE Elements • Cost effectiveness: modernization means for each users the right service at the right cost • Users = payers = decision makers • Professionalism: Management, operation and maintenance of large scale irrigation systems are complex tasks and require skilled professionals.
  • 14. MASSCOTE Framework (11) PLAN FOR MODERNIZATION and MONITORING & EVALUATION (10) INTEGRATING SOM OPTIONS (9) OPERATION IMPROVEMENTS/UNITS (8) DEMAND for OPERATION (7) MANAGEMENT UNITS (6) SERVICE TO USERS (1) Rapid Appraisal Procedure (2) CAPACITY & SENSITIVITY (3) PERTURBATIONS (4) WATER ACCOUNTING (5) COST of OPERATION VISION OF THE IRRIGATION SYSTEM AND FUTURE SCENARIO BUILDING
  • 15. MASSCOTE Framework Stakeholder consultation (10) INTEGRATING SOM OPTIONS (9) OPERATION IMPROVEMENTS/UNITS (8) DEMAND for OPERATION (7) MANAGEMENT UNITS (6) SERVICE TO USERS (11) PLAN FOR MODERNIZATION and MONITORING & EVALUATION (1) Rapid Appraisal Procedure Stakeholder consultation (2) CAPACITY & SENSITIVITY (3) PERTURBATIONS (4) WATER ACCOUNTING (5) COST of OPERATION Stakeholder consultation VISION OF THE IRRIGATION SYSTEM AND FUTURE SCENARIO BUILDING
  • 16. MASSCOTE Applications • Developing modernization plans for implementation as part of investment projects and programmes (China, India, Kyrgyzstan, Morocco, Pakistan, Sri Lanka) • Capacity development (Central Asia, East Asia, South Asia, Near East and North Africa) • As research tools by MSc. students (several from IHE delft)
  • 17. MASSCOTE family Mapping systems and services for: • canal operation techniques – MASSCOTE • lift irrigation systems – MASSLIS • fisheries in irrigation schemes – MASSIF • multiple use systems – MASSMUS • gender module of MASSMUS • pressurized irrigation techniques – MASSPRES
  • 18. Thanks!

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