Groundwater Governance in the Arab World:
Taking Stock and Addressing the Challenges
FAO, L&W Days
Amman – Jordan
15th to ...
Overarching research questions
Why is there groundwater overdraft, and why is it so hard to curb or
regulate?
What are the...
Tunisia
Lebanon
Jordan
Yemen
Oman
UAE

Source: Rekacewicz 2008
Desktop syntheses

World experience

Situated policy analyses
Knowledge
base

MENA experience

Policy narratives
Legislati...
Desktop syntheses

Situated policy analyses
Knowledge
base

World experience

Country policy profiles

MENA experience

4 ...
Problem Aquifer 1
Tunisia – Cap Bon
• Finest agricultural area in
Tunisia
• Highly productive and
diversified aquifer
• Wa...
Problem Aquifer 2
Lebanon – Beqaa Valley
• Intense proliferation of
individual wells impacts
springs and surface water
irr...
Problem Aquifer 3
Jordan – Azraq Basin
• Intensive pumping for the last 20 years, with abstraction
exceeding safe yield by...
Problem Aquifer 4
UAE – Liwa Oasis
• UAE derives 72% of water
demand from groundwater
• Liwa aquifer supporting
agricultur...
Thank you

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T4: Groundwater Governance in the Arab World: Taking Stock and Addressing the Challenges

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Groundwater Governance in the Arab World: Taking Stock and Addressing the Challenges, IWMI, Land and Water Days in Near East & North Africa, 15-18 December 2013, Amman, Jordan

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  • Limited success storiesTake stock of groundwater management and governance options
  • METHODOLOGY of the PROJECTKnowledge collected at various scales will be assembled and used as the basis for supporting policy discussions and the development of action plans in four countries through science-policy dialoguesDialogues: intended to build the capacity of managers, decision makers and users and civil societyACROSS SCALE: Involving mobilization of regional, local authorities, research community, users, civil society, central government
  • METHODOLOGY of the PROJECTKnowledge collected at various scales will be assembled and used as the basis for supporting policy discussions and the development of action plans in four countries through science-policy dialoguesDialogues: intended to build the capacity of managers, decision makers and users and civil societyACROSS SCALE: Involving mobilization of regional, local authorities, research community, users, civil society, central government
  • T4: Groundwater Governance in the Arab World: Taking Stock and Addressing the Challenges

    1. 1. Groundwater Governance in the Arab World: Taking Stock and Addressing the Challenges FAO, L&W Days Amman – Jordan 15th to 18th of December 2013
    2. 2. Overarching research questions Why is there groundwater overdraft, and why is it so hard to curb or regulate? What are the governance options available for different contexts, and how can we make them work? Research objectives • To contribute to finding solutions and mitigation measures to the groundwater crisis in the Arab world • To enhance capacity building mechanisms for groundwater governance at the aquifer, regional and national level • To support the generation and sharing of knowledge on groundwater governance in the Arab world
    3. 3. Tunisia Lebanon Jordan Yemen Oman UAE Source: Rekacewicz 2008
    4. 4. Desktop syntheses World experience Situated policy analyses Knowledge base MENA experience Policy narratives Legislation, policies, governance regimes, political economy, Policy process Implementation of groundwater policy at national level Actor dynamics Informal institutions Stakeholder opinions and perceptions 6 Country policy profiles 4 problem-aquifers Bio-physical setting Hydrogeology, chemistry, abstrac tion levels, energy and water pricing Policy process Implementation of policy at aquifer level Actor dynamics Local power relations Land access Stakeholder opinions and perceptions
    5. 5. Desktop syntheses Situated policy analyses Knowledge base World experience Country policy profiles MENA experience 4 problem-aquifers Regional science-policy Dialogue Capacity building Knowledge dissemination Typologies, contexts, outcomes, etc Policy briefs Eng/arabic Document depository & bibliography Groundwater govern. syntheses White books & action plans (3 countries) Collective work on policies and three aquifers Role games (computer interface, social learning) Aquifer-level Dialogues ----------National/local stakeholders involvement in governance Teaching material for univ. (arabic) Network, Weblinks Linked-in MENA groundwater Reference website Awareness raising
    6. 6. Problem Aquifer 1 Tunisia – Cap Bon • Finest agricultural area in Tunisia • Highly productive and diversified aquifer • Water table lowering leading to sea water intrusion and salinity (>15g/l) • Complex dynamics, low implication of actors, and limited organizational means
    7. 7. Problem Aquifer 2 Lebanon – Beqaa Valley • Intense proliferation of individual wells impacts springs and surface water irrigation systems • Decline in precipitation • Heavy use of fertilizers and pesticides caused problems of groundwater pollution
    8. 8. Problem Aquifer 3 Jordan – Azraq Basin • Intensive pumping for the last 20 years, with abstraction exceeding safe yield by 260% • Competing groundwater uses between agriculture and urban consumption • Negative impacts on wetland ecosystems in the basin
    9. 9. Problem Aquifer 4 UAE – Liwa Oasis • UAE derives 72% of water demand from groundwater • Liwa aquifer supporting agriculture with drip irrigation • Competing uses between agriculture and increasing tourism in the area • Policy implementation problems due to farmers’ perceptions of groundwater ownership
    10. 10. Thank you Funded by:

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