Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
T4: Groundwater Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Arid Regions: Abu Dhabi Pilot Experiment Case Study
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

T4: Groundwater Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Arid Regions: Abu Dhabi Pilot Experiment Case Study

200
views

Published on

Groundwater Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Arid Regions: Abu Dhabi Pilot Experiment Case Study, By Dr. Mohamed Dawoud, Manager, Water Resources Department, Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi, Land and …

Groundwater Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Arid Regions: Abu Dhabi Pilot Experiment Case Study, By Dr. Mohamed Dawoud, Manager, Water Resources Department, Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi, Land and Water Days in Near East & North Africa, 15-18 December 2013, Amman, Jordan

Published in: Education, Business, Technology

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
200
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Groundwater Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Arid Regions: Abu Dhabi Pilot Experiment Case Study Dr. Mohamed Dawoud Manager, Water Resources Department Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi “Learning from land and water projects experiences for smart management” 15-18 December 2013, Amman-Jordan 1 Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area
  • 2. Dependency of Domestic Sector on Desalination (100%) Present Supply Network Present Storage 6 5 Days 4 3 2 1 0 Kuwait 2 Qatar Oman UAE Bahrain Saudi Arabia Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area
  • 3. Suitability Evaluation for Groundwater Aquifer Overall Assessment of Criteria 0 0 0 0 0 0 13 20 23 0 0 14 16 22 26 29 31 52 0 0 0 17 23 28 26 29 0 0 0 15 20 23 23 24 0 0 0 18 24 27 34 E v a lu a tio n C r ite r ia , m in . R e q u ir e m e n ts a n d m a x . P o in ts : 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 m m m m m m m ax: ax. ax: ax. ax. ax. ax. 25 10 10 20 15 10 10 p o in ts p o in ts p o in ts p o in ts p o in ts p o in ts 0 p o in ts Abu D habi 0 40 49 49 45 0 0 43 45 41 57 40 31 37 54 0 25 29 27 37 47 51 0 30 33 34 40 34 42 48 0 49 48 29 30 50 50 29 21 0 0 0 0 0 0 16 21 25 29 31 31 37 40 0 0 41 0 0 0 0 17 20 23 27 29 32 33 36 49 A l K h azna A s Sad 0 15 17 0 0 0 0 0 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 19 22 27 26 28 30 34 32 27 46 41 34 1 4A l 0 0 0 16 19 24 24 23 18 17 20 18 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 23 28 32 31 39 33 33 37 35 29 38 25 20 0 0 0 19 24 30 37 34 33 34 35 31 27 22 17 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 25 28 33 37 36 36 33 32 35 37 26 0 0 0 23 28 37 46 40 44 44 43 47 43 44 30 26 24 26 23 21 0 21 27 30 31 38 40 39 38 35 33 28 31 34 36 0 0 0 0 25 36 41 46 60 57 56 57 57 60 56 48 47 39 36 35 31 28 30 35 35 41 42 41 41 45 35 35 28 29 35 37 37 0 0 0 25 28 38 45 54 58 61 70 68 62 68 66 65 59 48 44 43 39 43 44 41 42 47 50 45 44 45 40 37 32 30 32 32 28 0 S u i t a b i l i t y o f A r e a f o0 r L a r g e -S c a le A S R -P r o je c t 0 24 29 36 45 50 58 65 72 80 79 81 78 76 76 57 56 56 50 5A 0 z Z a f r 5a h1 48 46 52 49 47 47 45 41 35 31 26 25 30 37 0 21 26 34 43 52 63 68 74 88 88 83 86 90 75 75 61 56 59 60 51 58 57 47 47 47 43 35 28 0 21 0 31 0 0 49 18 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 A in Z aro u b 39 0 0 80 88 91 A 91 91 91 90 76 84 82 61 62 55 53 52 57 60 53 48 41 41 37 27 0 31 4 40 37 33 0 0 0 0 53 65 73 80 87 86 86 90 92 90 77 82 87 79 63 31 35 41 51 64 74 79 85 84 79 82 81 68 65 62 57 70 75 57 S 43 B u 5 H0 a m r a h4 57 55 53 50 63 58 54 A 5g 3r a b 48 43 39 33 27 0 A 33 A B 70 U H 64 25 34 50 - 60 38 68 42 52 65 71 74 77 71 65 67 46 42 49 47 29 B ate e n 33 52 56 57 58 57 53 50 47 43 31 0 0 39 40 41 51 51 52 49 45 47 46 33 0 0 0 25 0 24 25 0 68 74 66 62 H5 1 w a i l a u 36 34 32 40 L I W 39 40 58 65 67 65 58 40 33 29 31 0 0 0 40 41 32 33 49 39 37 38 42 41 0 33 0 0 0 0 0 36 29 3 M0 a s h h u2 r 6 27 31 28 30 29 0 0 Q u s a h w 0i r a 0 0 0 0 0 H 62 A R a m la t A r R a b b a d A 41 53 55 40 60 - 70 E v a lu a tio n P o in ts 52 A l F a ih a A l Q afa 40 - 50 90 - 100 42 55 H L im ite d S u it e d 31 25 70 - 80 S u ite d 23 20 20 - 30 30 - 40 3 19 82 A S R -P ilo t P r o je c t A r e a to N o . o f C r ite r ia fo r w h ic h M in im u m R e q u ir e m e n t is n o t f u lf ille d S U n s u ite d 0 10 - 20 B 0 0 - 10 80 - 90 S A S A H IL B A 0 B 0 a fit el H 0 A r a b ia n G u lf 0 >=10 m >=10 m >=10m < = 2 5 ,0 0 0 p p m <=5 ‰ >=5 km <=500 v a ila b le T h ic k n e s s o f V a d o s e Z o n e v a ila b le A q u ife r S y s te m T h ic k n e s s v a ila b le A q u ife r T h ic k n e s s a tiv e G r o u n d w a te r S a lin ity a tu r a l G e o h y d r a u lic G r a d ie n t is ta n c e to n e x t B o r d e r / S h o r e u m b e r o f e x is tin g W e lls Dubai Jeb 0 A A A N N D N 0 0 C lu s te r e x c lu d e d if th r e e o r m o r e C r ite r ia n o t fu lfille d A rz a n a 0 S h a r ja h 0 S u ita b ility o f A r e a s fo r L a r g e -S c a le A S R -P r o je c t 0 Z arrarah K in g d o m o f S a u d i A r a b ia 0km 25km 0 50km 75km 0 0 100km 0 0 0 H a le ib a M ender 0 S u lta n a te of O m an 0 Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area
  • 4. Suitability Evaluation for Groundwater Aquifer Overall Assessment of Criteria HYDROGEOLOGY         Available thickness of the aquifer system Thickness of the vadose zone (vertical distance surface to groundwater table) Aquifer confinement Quality / salinity of the native groundwater Aquifer transmissivity and storativity Groundwater flow gradient and velocity Present and future use of the aquifer by third parties (agriculture, municipal, forestry, etc.) ……. OTHERS       4 Distance to nearest border / coastline General infrastructure Present and future land utilisation / development (urban, industrial, agriculture, etc.) Environmental aspects, regulations Concessions (oil, gas, mining, etc.) ……. Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area
  • 5. Selection of Thematic Hydrogeological Maps Geology, Geohydraulics, Hydrochemistry, Hydroisotopes A rz a n a T h ic k n e s s o f F o r m a tio n a b o v e E v a p o r ite s G ro u n d w a te r L e v e l Abu Dhabi A bu Dhabi L I W A L I W G r o u n d w a te r S a lin it y A Abu D habi L I W G r a d ie n t o f G r o u n d w a t e r F lo w A A rz a n a T h ic k n e s s o f S h a llo w A q u ife r B i-c a r b o n a te -C o n c e n tr a tio n Abu D habi Abu D habi Abu Dhabi Jeb a f it el H L I W A L I W R e c h a r g e D is ta n c e δ-O x y g e n -1 8 D e p th to G ro u n d w a te r L e v e l A L I W δ -D e u te r iu m ( p e r m il V S M O W ) Abu D habi L I W 5 A A ( p e r m il V S M O W ) Abu Dhabi L I W A Abu Dhabi L I W A Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area
  • 6. Final Selection for ASR Pilot Project Location Hydrogeological Cross Section A r a b ia n G u lf Abu Dhabi A l A in A l M irfa S h u w e ih a t M a d in a t Z a y e d E m ir a te o f A bu D habi M iz e r ia h H a m im 0 km 50 km 100 km 150 km E le v a tio n (m M S L ) 6 225 200 175 150 125 100 75 50 25 0 -2 5 -5 0 -7 5 L iw a C re s c e n t A l B a te e n < > > > > > A l Q a fa / B u H a s a G W -S h e d = 1 ,0 0 0 p p m 1 ,0 0 0 -1 ,5 0 0 p p m 1 ,5 0 0 - 4 ,0 0 0 p p m 4 ,0 0 0 - 7 ,0 0 0 p p m 7 ,0 0 0 - 1 0 ,0 0 0 p p m 1 0 ,0 0 0 p p m fre s h b r a c k is h A r a b ia n G u lf N o rth S o u th s a lin e A q u ita r d / A q u ic lu d e 2530000 2540000 2550000 V e r tic a l E x a g g e r a tio n : 1 0 0 - fo ld 0 km 2560000 2570000 2580000 2590000 2600000 10 km 20 km 30 km 40 km 50 km 2610000 2620000 2630000 2640000 2650000 2660000 225 200 175 150 125 100 75 50 25 0 -2 5 -5 0 -7 5 L a titu d e (U T M y 4 0 ) Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area
  • 7. ASR Pilot Project (Infiltration/Recovery Cycles) OB-10: r= 204.8m OB-11: r= 433.5m OB-12: r= 889m OB-13: r= 181m OB-16: r= 99.7m OB-17: r= 366.5m OB-18: r= 1164.2m 02.12.04 OB-14: r= 533.1m OB-15: r= 731.3m 115 OB-08: r= 127m OB-09: r= 691.6m 113 OB-07C: r= 91.4m OB-07D: r= 92.3m 111 OB-07A: r= 92.1m OB-07B: r= 91.5m 113 OB-06C: r= 36.1m OB-06D: r= 38.5m 111 OB-06A: r= 36.9m OB-06B: r= 35.7m 109 OB-02: r= 55.3m OB-05: r= 0m 115 OB-01: r= 45.1m 109 -300 -200 -100 Regime of Desalinated Seawater Infiltration and Groundwater Abstraction 105 105 107 107 OB-19: r= 1766.5m Cum. Infiltration / Abstraction Volume (m³) Cumulative Abstraction (RB-01-04) 103 Elevation of Groundwater Level (m+MSL) Cumulative Infiltration -1.2E+6 -6.0E+5 0.0E+0 6.0E+5 1.2E+6 18.11.04 04.11.04 21.10.04 07.10.04 23.09.04 09.09.04 26.08.04 12.08.04 29.07.04 15.07.04 01.07.04 17.06.04 03.06.04 20.05.04 06.05.04 22.04.04 08.04.04 25.03.04 11.03.04 26.02.04 12.02.04 29.01.04 15.01.04 01.01.04 18.12.03 20.11.03 06.11.03 23.10.03 09.10.03 25.09.03 04.12.03 Abstraction Rate (RB-01-04) 0 100 200 300 400 Infiltration Rate 103 Elevation of Groundwater Level (m+MSL) Infiltration / Abstraction (m³/h) Rate Groundwater Level Monitoring 101 Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area 0 7 2,400101 Groundwater Level Fluctuations of Observed Wells
  • 8. ASR Pilot Project Results 100 m R B -0 1 75 m O B -0 7 A -D O B -1 6 In filtr a tio n B a s in 50 m O B -0 2 25 m O B -0 1 0 m 125 m 150 m 175 m 200 m 225 m a fte r 2 5 d a y s In filtr a te d V o lu m e : 1 4 9 ,5 0 0 m ³ In it ia l G r o u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 60 -2 5 m O B -0 2 -5 0 m O B -0 2 -7 5 m O B -0 2 -1 0 0 m O B -0 6 A -D -1 2 5 m 120 S c re e n e d S e c t io n o f W e ll 80 140 -1 5 0 m O B -0 1 B e f o r e S ta r t o f In f iltr a tio n N a tu ra l G ro u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 -1 7 5 m O B -0 6 A -D In itia l E C o f G r o u n d w a te r East -2 0 0 m -2 2 5 m O B -0 1 225 m O B -0 6 A -D 200 m O B -0 1 175 m O B -0 6 A -D 150 m O B -0 5 125 m R B -0 3 O B -0 4 100 m O B -0 8 75 m O B -1 3 In f ilt r a t io n B a s in 50 m O B -1 6 25 m R B -0 1 0 m O B -1 0 120 -2 5 m O B -0 7 A -D -5 0 m O B -0 2 -7 5 m O B -0 1 -1 0 0 m O B -0 6 A -D -1 2 5 m O B -0 5 -1 5 0 m R B -0 3 O B -0 4 140 W est E ast -1 7 5 m O B -0 8 O B -1 0 -2 0 0 m m +M SL W est -2 2 5 m O B -1 3 m +M SL 250 days continuous injection 80 40 60 a fte r 2 5 d a y s O B -1 6 R B -0 1 O B -0 7 A -D O B -0 2 O B -0 1 O B -0 6 A -D O B -0 5 R B -0 3 O B -0 4 O B -0 8 140 O B -1 3 O B -1 0 20 40 In f ilt r a t e d V o lu m e : 1 4 9 ,5 0 0 m ³ 120 R B -0 1 O B -0 7 A -D O B -1 6 O B -0 5 O B -0 8 R B -0 3 O B -0 4 80 O B -1 3 140 O B -1 0 20 In itia l G r o u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 120 a fte r 7 5 d a y s In filtr a te d V o lu m e : 4 3 2 ,7 0 0 m ³ 60 In it ia l G r o u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 40 80 a fte r 7 5 d a y s O B -1 6 R B -0 1 O B -0 7 A -D O B -0 2 O B -0 1 O B -0 6 A -D O B -0 5 R B -0 3 O B -0 4 O B -0 8 O B -1 3 O B -1 0 20 140 60 In f ilt r a t e d V o lu m e : 4 3 2 ,7 0 0 m ³ 120 40 In itia l G r o u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 R B -0 1 O B -0 7 A -D O B -1 6 R B -0 1 O B -0 7 A -D O B -1 6 O B -0 5 R B -0 3 O B -0 4 O B -0 8 60 O B -1 3 140 O B -1 0 20 80 120 40 In f ilt r a t e d V o lu m e : 8 8 3 ,1 0 0 m ³ 120 80 In it ia l G r o u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 In it ia l G r o u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 a fte r 1 5 0 d a y s O B -1 6 R B -0 1 O B -0 7 A -D O B -0 2 O B -0 1 O B -0 6 A -D O B -0 5 R B -0 3 O B -0 4 O B -0 8 O B -1 3 O B -1 0 20 140 a fte r 1 5 0 d a y s In filtr a te d V o lu m e : 8 8 3 ,1 0 0 m ³ 60 80 40 60 120 In filtr a te d V o lu m e : 1 ,4 8 2 ,4 0 0 m ³ O B -0 5 R B -0 3 O B -0 4 a fte r 2 5 0 d a y s In filtr a te d V o lu m e : 1 ,4 8 2 ,4 0 0 m ³ In it ia l G r o u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 In itia l G ro u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 O B -0 8 120 a fte r 2 5 0 d a y s O B -1 6 R B -0 1 O B -0 7 A -D O B -0 2 O B -0 1 O B -0 6 A -D O B -0 5 R B -0 3 O B -0 4 O B -0 8 O B -1 3 O B -1 0 20 140 O B -1 3 140 O B -1 0 20 40 80 80 60 60 40 40 8 20 -2 2 5 m -2 0 0 m -1 7 5 m -1 5 0 m -1 2 5 m -1 0 0 m -7 5 m -5 0 m -2 5 m 0 m 25 m 50 m 75 m 100 m 125 m 150 m 175 m 200 m 225 m 20 -2 2 5 m -2 0 0 m -1 7 5 m -1 5 0 m -1 2 5 m -1 0 0 m 5 m -5 0 m -2 5 m 25 m 50 7 m 100 m 1 5 m 150 m 175 2 m Consultancy Services- 7 for Artificial Recharge0 mand Utilisation mof the 5 Groundwater 2 Resource in them Liwa0 0Area 2 2 5 m
  • 9. Lesson Learned and Recommendations • GCC countries depend on desalinated water for domestic water supply. • Emergency reserve in the surface reservoirs and distribution network is 2-5 days. • Increasing the storage capacity using surface reservoirs is costly and not environmentally friendly. • Groundwater storage using the artificial recharge technique is a promising tool for strategic water reserves in all GCC countries. • Storing the fresh water in groundwater aquifers is safer and more reliable in terms of time and location. • It is recommended to carry out more extensive studies to evaluate the feasibility of artificial recharge schemes. 9 Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area
  • 10. Thank You 10 Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area

×