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Groundwater Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Arid Regions:
Abu Dhabi Pilot Experiment Case Study
Dr. Mohamed Dawoud
Manager...
Dependency of Domestic Sector
on Desalination (100%)
Present Supply Network

Present Storage
6
5

Days

4
3
2
1
0
Kuwait

...
Suitability Evaluation for Groundwater Aquifer
Overall Assessment of Criteria
0

0

0

0

0

0

13

20

23

0

0

14

16

...
Suitability Evaluation for Groundwater Aquifer
Overall Assessment of Criteria
HYDROGEOLOGY











Available th...
Selection of Thematic Hydrogeological Maps
Geology, Geohydraulics, Hydrochemistry, Hydroisotopes
A rz a n a

T h ic k n e ...
Final Selection for ASR Pilot Project Location
Hydrogeological Cross Section

A r a b ia n G u lf
Abu Dhabi
A l A in
A l M...
ASR Pilot Project (Infiltration/Recovery Cycles)

OB-10: r= 204.8m

OB-11: r= 433.5m

OB-12: r= 889m

OB-13: r= 181m

OB-1...
ASR Pilot Project Results
100 m
R B -0 1

75 m

O B -0 7 A -D
O B -1 6

In filtr a tio n B a s in

50 m
O B -0 2

25 m

O ...
Lesson Learned and
Recommendations
• GCC countries depend on desalinated water for domestic
water supply.
• Emergency rese...
Thank You

10

Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area
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T4: Groundwater Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Arid Regions: Abu Dhabi Pilot Experiment Case Study

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Groundwater Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Arid Regions: Abu Dhabi Pilot Experiment Case Study, By Dr. Mohamed Dawoud, Manager, Water Resources Department, Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi, Land and Water Days in Near East & North Africa, 15-18 December 2013, Amman, Jordan

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Transcript of "T4: Groundwater Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Arid Regions: Abu Dhabi Pilot Experiment Case Study "

  1. 1. Groundwater Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Arid Regions: Abu Dhabi Pilot Experiment Case Study Dr. Mohamed Dawoud Manager, Water Resources Department Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi “Learning from land and water projects experiences for smart management” 15-18 December 2013, Amman-Jordan 1 Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area
  2. 2. Dependency of Domestic Sector on Desalination (100%) Present Supply Network Present Storage 6 5 Days 4 3 2 1 0 Kuwait 2 Qatar Oman UAE Bahrain Saudi Arabia Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area
  3. 3. Suitability Evaluation for Groundwater Aquifer Overall Assessment of Criteria 0 0 0 0 0 0 13 20 23 0 0 14 16 22 26 29 31 52 0 0 0 17 23 28 26 29 0 0 0 15 20 23 23 24 0 0 0 18 24 27 34 E v a lu a tio n C r ite r ia , m in . R e q u ir e m e n ts a n d m a x . P o in ts : 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 m m m m m m m ax: ax. ax: ax. ax. ax. ax. 25 10 10 20 15 10 10 p o in ts p o in ts p o in ts p o in ts p o in ts p o in ts 0 p o in ts Abu D habi 0 40 49 49 45 0 0 43 45 41 57 40 31 37 54 0 25 29 27 37 47 51 0 30 33 34 40 34 42 48 0 49 48 29 30 50 50 29 21 0 0 0 0 0 0 16 21 25 29 31 31 37 40 0 0 41 0 0 0 0 17 20 23 27 29 32 33 36 49 A l K h azna A s Sad 0 15 17 0 0 0 0 0 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 19 22 27 26 28 30 34 32 27 46 41 34 1 4A l 0 0 0 16 19 24 24 23 18 17 20 18 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 23 28 32 31 39 33 33 37 35 29 38 25 20 0 0 0 19 24 30 37 34 33 34 35 31 27 22 17 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 25 28 33 37 36 36 33 32 35 37 26 0 0 0 23 28 37 46 40 44 44 43 47 43 44 30 26 24 26 23 21 0 21 27 30 31 38 40 39 38 35 33 28 31 34 36 0 0 0 0 25 36 41 46 60 57 56 57 57 60 56 48 47 39 36 35 31 28 30 35 35 41 42 41 41 45 35 35 28 29 35 37 37 0 0 0 25 28 38 45 54 58 61 70 68 62 68 66 65 59 48 44 43 39 43 44 41 42 47 50 45 44 45 40 37 32 30 32 32 28 0 S u i t a b i l i t y o f A r e a f o0 r L a r g e -S c a le A S R -P r o je c t 0 24 29 36 45 50 58 65 72 80 79 81 78 76 76 57 56 56 50 5A 0 z Z a f r 5a h1 48 46 52 49 47 47 45 41 35 31 26 25 30 37 0 21 26 34 43 52 63 68 74 88 88 83 86 90 75 75 61 56 59 60 51 58 57 47 47 47 43 35 28 0 21 0 31 0 0 49 18 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 A in Z aro u b 39 0 0 80 88 91 A 91 91 91 90 76 84 82 61 62 55 53 52 57 60 53 48 41 41 37 27 0 31 4 40 37 33 0 0 0 0 53 65 73 80 87 86 86 90 92 90 77 82 87 79 63 31 35 41 51 64 74 79 85 84 79 82 81 68 65 62 57 70 75 57 S 43 B u 5 H0 a m r a h4 57 55 53 50 63 58 54 A 5g 3r a b 48 43 39 33 27 0 A 33 A B 70 U H 64 25 34 50 - 60 38 68 42 52 65 71 74 77 71 65 67 46 42 49 47 29 B ate e n 33 52 56 57 58 57 53 50 47 43 31 0 0 39 40 41 51 51 52 49 45 47 46 33 0 0 0 25 0 24 25 0 68 74 66 62 H5 1 w a i l a u 36 34 32 40 L I W 39 40 58 65 67 65 58 40 33 29 31 0 0 0 40 41 32 33 49 39 37 38 42 41 0 33 0 0 0 0 0 36 29 3 M0 a s h h u2 r 6 27 31 28 30 29 0 0 Q u s a h w 0i r a 0 0 0 0 0 H 62 A R a m la t A r R a b b a d A 41 53 55 40 60 - 70 E v a lu a tio n P o in ts 52 A l F a ih a A l Q afa 40 - 50 90 - 100 42 55 H L im ite d S u it e d 31 25 70 - 80 S u ite d 23 20 20 - 30 30 - 40 3 19 82 A S R -P ilo t P r o je c t A r e a to N o . o f C r ite r ia fo r w h ic h M in im u m R e q u ir e m e n t is n o t f u lf ille d S U n s u ite d 0 10 - 20 B 0 0 - 10 80 - 90 S A S A H IL B A 0 B 0 a fit el H 0 A r a b ia n G u lf 0 >=10 m >=10 m >=10m < = 2 5 ,0 0 0 p p m <=5 ‰ >=5 km <=500 v a ila b le T h ic k n e s s o f V a d o s e Z o n e v a ila b le A q u ife r S y s te m T h ic k n e s s v a ila b le A q u ife r T h ic k n e s s a tiv e G r o u n d w a te r S a lin ity a tu r a l G e o h y d r a u lic G r a d ie n t is ta n c e to n e x t B o r d e r / S h o r e u m b e r o f e x is tin g W e lls Dubai Jeb 0 A A A N N D N 0 0 C lu s te r e x c lu d e d if th r e e o r m o r e C r ite r ia n o t fu lfille d A rz a n a 0 S h a r ja h 0 S u ita b ility o f A r e a s fo r L a r g e -S c a le A S R -P r o je c t 0 Z arrarah K in g d o m o f S a u d i A r a b ia 0km 25km 0 50km 75km 0 0 100km 0 0 0 H a le ib a M ender 0 S u lta n a te of O m an 0 Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area
  4. 4. Suitability Evaluation for Groundwater Aquifer Overall Assessment of Criteria HYDROGEOLOGY         Available thickness of the aquifer system Thickness of the vadose zone (vertical distance surface to groundwater table) Aquifer confinement Quality / salinity of the native groundwater Aquifer transmissivity and storativity Groundwater flow gradient and velocity Present and future use of the aquifer by third parties (agriculture, municipal, forestry, etc.) ……. OTHERS       4 Distance to nearest border / coastline General infrastructure Present and future land utilisation / development (urban, industrial, agriculture, etc.) Environmental aspects, regulations Concessions (oil, gas, mining, etc.) ……. Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area
  5. 5. Selection of Thematic Hydrogeological Maps Geology, Geohydraulics, Hydrochemistry, Hydroisotopes A rz a n a T h ic k n e s s o f F o r m a tio n a b o v e E v a p o r ite s G ro u n d w a te r L e v e l Abu Dhabi A bu Dhabi L I W A L I W G r o u n d w a te r S a lin it y A Abu D habi L I W G r a d ie n t o f G r o u n d w a t e r F lo w A A rz a n a T h ic k n e s s o f S h a llo w A q u ife r B i-c a r b o n a te -C o n c e n tr a tio n Abu D habi Abu D habi Abu Dhabi Jeb a f it el H L I W A L I W R e c h a r g e D is ta n c e δ-O x y g e n -1 8 D e p th to G ro u n d w a te r L e v e l A L I W δ -D e u te r iu m ( p e r m il V S M O W ) Abu D habi L I W 5 A A ( p e r m il V S M O W ) Abu Dhabi L I W A Abu Dhabi L I W A Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area
  6. 6. Final Selection for ASR Pilot Project Location Hydrogeological Cross Section A r a b ia n G u lf Abu Dhabi A l A in A l M irfa S h u w e ih a t M a d in a t Z a y e d E m ir a te o f A bu D habi M iz e r ia h H a m im 0 km 50 km 100 km 150 km E le v a tio n (m M S L ) 6 225 200 175 150 125 100 75 50 25 0 -2 5 -5 0 -7 5 L iw a C re s c e n t A l B a te e n < > > > > > A l Q a fa / B u H a s a G W -S h e d = 1 ,0 0 0 p p m 1 ,0 0 0 -1 ,5 0 0 p p m 1 ,5 0 0 - 4 ,0 0 0 p p m 4 ,0 0 0 - 7 ,0 0 0 p p m 7 ,0 0 0 - 1 0 ,0 0 0 p p m 1 0 ,0 0 0 p p m fre s h b r a c k is h A r a b ia n G u lf N o rth S o u th s a lin e A q u ita r d / A q u ic lu d e 2530000 2540000 2550000 V e r tic a l E x a g g e r a tio n : 1 0 0 - fo ld 0 km 2560000 2570000 2580000 2590000 2600000 10 km 20 km 30 km 40 km 50 km 2610000 2620000 2630000 2640000 2650000 2660000 225 200 175 150 125 100 75 50 25 0 -2 5 -5 0 -7 5 L a titu d e (U T M y 4 0 ) Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area
  7. 7. ASR Pilot Project (Infiltration/Recovery Cycles) OB-10: r= 204.8m OB-11: r= 433.5m OB-12: r= 889m OB-13: r= 181m OB-16: r= 99.7m OB-17: r= 366.5m OB-18: r= 1164.2m 02.12.04 OB-14: r= 533.1m OB-15: r= 731.3m 115 OB-08: r= 127m OB-09: r= 691.6m 113 OB-07C: r= 91.4m OB-07D: r= 92.3m 111 OB-07A: r= 92.1m OB-07B: r= 91.5m 113 OB-06C: r= 36.1m OB-06D: r= 38.5m 111 OB-06A: r= 36.9m OB-06B: r= 35.7m 109 OB-02: r= 55.3m OB-05: r= 0m 115 OB-01: r= 45.1m 109 -300 -200 -100 Regime of Desalinated Seawater Infiltration and Groundwater Abstraction 105 105 107 107 OB-19: r= 1766.5m Cum. Infiltration / Abstraction Volume (m³) Cumulative Abstraction (RB-01-04) 103 Elevation of Groundwater Level (m+MSL) Cumulative Infiltration -1.2E+6 -6.0E+5 0.0E+0 6.0E+5 1.2E+6 18.11.04 04.11.04 21.10.04 07.10.04 23.09.04 09.09.04 26.08.04 12.08.04 29.07.04 15.07.04 01.07.04 17.06.04 03.06.04 20.05.04 06.05.04 22.04.04 08.04.04 25.03.04 11.03.04 26.02.04 12.02.04 29.01.04 15.01.04 01.01.04 18.12.03 20.11.03 06.11.03 23.10.03 09.10.03 25.09.03 04.12.03 Abstraction Rate (RB-01-04) 0 100 200 300 400 Infiltration Rate 103 Elevation of Groundwater Level (m+MSL) Infiltration / Abstraction (m³/h) Rate Groundwater Level Monitoring 101 Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area 0 7 2,400101 Groundwater Level Fluctuations of Observed Wells
  8. 8. ASR Pilot Project Results 100 m R B -0 1 75 m O B -0 7 A -D O B -1 6 In filtr a tio n B a s in 50 m O B -0 2 25 m O B -0 1 0 m 125 m 150 m 175 m 200 m 225 m a fte r 2 5 d a y s In filtr a te d V o lu m e : 1 4 9 ,5 0 0 m ³ In it ia l G r o u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 60 -2 5 m O B -0 2 -5 0 m O B -0 2 -7 5 m O B -0 2 -1 0 0 m O B -0 6 A -D -1 2 5 m 120 S c re e n e d S e c t io n o f W e ll 80 140 -1 5 0 m O B -0 1 B e f o r e S ta r t o f In f iltr a tio n N a tu ra l G ro u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 -1 7 5 m O B -0 6 A -D In itia l E C o f G r o u n d w a te r East -2 0 0 m -2 2 5 m O B -0 1 225 m O B -0 6 A -D 200 m O B -0 1 175 m O B -0 6 A -D 150 m O B -0 5 125 m R B -0 3 O B -0 4 100 m O B -0 8 75 m O B -1 3 In f ilt r a t io n B a s in 50 m O B -1 6 25 m R B -0 1 0 m O B -1 0 120 -2 5 m O B -0 7 A -D -5 0 m O B -0 2 -7 5 m O B -0 1 -1 0 0 m O B -0 6 A -D -1 2 5 m O B -0 5 -1 5 0 m R B -0 3 O B -0 4 140 W est E ast -1 7 5 m O B -0 8 O B -1 0 -2 0 0 m m +M SL W est -2 2 5 m O B -1 3 m +M SL 250 days continuous injection 80 40 60 a fte r 2 5 d a y s O B -1 6 R B -0 1 O B -0 7 A -D O B -0 2 O B -0 1 O B -0 6 A -D O B -0 5 R B -0 3 O B -0 4 O B -0 8 140 O B -1 3 O B -1 0 20 40 In f ilt r a t e d V o lu m e : 1 4 9 ,5 0 0 m ³ 120 R B -0 1 O B -0 7 A -D O B -1 6 O B -0 5 O B -0 8 R B -0 3 O B -0 4 80 O B -1 3 140 O B -1 0 20 In itia l G r o u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 120 a fte r 7 5 d a y s In filtr a te d V o lu m e : 4 3 2 ,7 0 0 m ³ 60 In it ia l G r o u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 40 80 a fte r 7 5 d a y s O B -1 6 R B -0 1 O B -0 7 A -D O B -0 2 O B -0 1 O B -0 6 A -D O B -0 5 R B -0 3 O B -0 4 O B -0 8 O B -1 3 O B -1 0 20 140 60 In f ilt r a t e d V o lu m e : 4 3 2 ,7 0 0 m ³ 120 40 In itia l G r o u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 R B -0 1 O B -0 7 A -D O B -1 6 R B -0 1 O B -0 7 A -D O B -1 6 O B -0 5 R B -0 3 O B -0 4 O B -0 8 60 O B -1 3 140 O B -1 0 20 80 120 40 In f ilt r a t e d V o lu m e : 8 8 3 ,1 0 0 m ³ 120 80 In it ia l G r o u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 In it ia l G r o u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 a fte r 1 5 0 d a y s O B -1 6 R B -0 1 O B -0 7 A -D O B -0 2 O B -0 1 O B -0 6 A -D O B -0 5 R B -0 3 O B -0 4 O B -0 8 O B -1 3 O B -1 0 20 140 a fte r 1 5 0 d a y s In filtr a te d V o lu m e : 8 8 3 ,1 0 0 m ³ 60 80 40 60 120 In filtr a te d V o lu m e : 1 ,4 8 2 ,4 0 0 m ³ O B -0 5 R B -0 3 O B -0 4 a fte r 2 5 0 d a y s In filtr a te d V o lu m e : 1 ,4 8 2 ,4 0 0 m ³ In it ia l G r o u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 In itia l G ro u n d w a te r L e v e l 100 O B -0 8 120 a fte r 2 5 0 d a y s O B -1 6 R B -0 1 O B -0 7 A -D O B -0 2 O B -0 1 O B -0 6 A -D O B -0 5 R B -0 3 O B -0 4 O B -0 8 O B -1 3 O B -1 0 20 140 O B -1 3 140 O B -1 0 20 40 80 80 60 60 40 40 8 20 -2 2 5 m -2 0 0 m -1 7 5 m -1 5 0 m -1 2 5 m -1 0 0 m -7 5 m -5 0 m -2 5 m 0 m 25 m 50 m 75 m 100 m 125 m 150 m 175 m 200 m 225 m 20 -2 2 5 m -2 0 0 m -1 7 5 m -1 5 0 m -1 2 5 m -1 0 0 m 5 m -5 0 m -2 5 m 25 m 50 7 m 100 m 1 5 m 150 m 175 2 m Consultancy Services- 7 for Artificial Recharge0 mand Utilisation mof the 5 Groundwater 2 Resource in them Liwa0 0Area 2 2 5 m
  9. 9. Lesson Learned and Recommendations • GCC countries depend on desalinated water for domestic water supply. • Emergency reserve in the surface reservoirs and distribution network is 2-5 days. • Increasing the storage capacity using surface reservoirs is costly and not environmentally friendly. • Groundwater storage using the artificial recharge technique is a promising tool for strategic water reserves in all GCC countries. • Storing the fresh water in groundwater aquifers is safer and more reliable in terms of time and location. • It is recommended to carry out more extensive studies to evaluate the feasibility of artificial recharge schemes. 9 Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area
  10. 10. Thank You 10 Consultancy Services for Artificial Recharge and Utilisation of the Groundwater Resource in the Liwa Area
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