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FAO at RIO+20 and beyond
 
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No sustainable development without hunger eradication

No sustainable development without hunger eradication
On the path to Rio+20, FAO calls for a future with both healthier people and healthier ecosystems

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    FAO at RIO+20 and beyond FAO at RIO+20 and beyond Presentation Transcript

    • Rio vision in 1992 “Human beings are at the centre of concern for sustainable development. They are entitled to a healthy andproductive life in harmony with nature ” (First Principle of the Rio Declaration, 1992)
    • FAO’s vision for Rio+20 and beyond “End hunger andmake the transition to sustainable agricultural and food systems ”
    • 3 main messages for Rio+20 1 2 3
    • 1. Eradicating hunger andimproving human nutrition• Fair access to resources, employment and income is key• Nearly 1 billion people suffer hunger – Smallholder producers and the landless, mainly in Sub- Saharan Africa and Asia• Chronically hungry people: no resilience to shocks• Well-targeted social safety nets are essential• Reducing the gender gap in access to productive resources -> lift 100–150 million people out of hunger• Actual outcomes depend on the choices we make today in both production and consumption
    • 2. Sustainable food consumption and production systems• 60 % increase in food production is expected by 2050, but this must also be achieved in an environmentally sustainable way• Agriculture: – 70 % of freshwater resources – 30 % of GHG emissions and, at the same time potential for supporting mitigation efforts – 30 % of the energy consumption in food system and, at the same time 10-15 % of overall energy produced by the agriculture sectors• Global food losses and waste: – 1/3 of the food production – 10 % of the world’s energy consumption
    • 2. Sustainable food consumption and production systems cont’d• Major improvements are needed along the whole food chain – More resilient production systems: use fewer resources, less pollution – Sustainable diets, and reducing food losses and food waste• Sustainable intensification across all production systems is a must• Strong support to agricultural development (agriculture, fisheries and forestry) that integrates multiple objectives• Agriculture must become climate-smart and energy-smart - do more with less
    • 3. Inclusive and effective governance• Inclusive, nationally owned and flexible governance mechanisms are essential to ensure that all stakeholders can work together in a coordinated manner• Sound policies and strong institutions are necessary• Equitable distribution of the transition costs and benefits is a must
    • 5 key national actions• Establish and protect rights to resources, especially for the most vulnerable• Incorporate incentives for sustainable consumption and production into food systems• Promote fair and well-functioning agricultural and food markets• Reduce risk and increase the resilience of the most vulnerable• Invest public resources in essential public goods, including innovation and infrastructure
    • FAO calls Rio +20 for 6 commitments• Accelerate the pace for eradicating hunger and malnutrition• Use the Voluntary Guidelines • Right to Adequate Food • Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests3. Support the efforts of all stakeholders to integrate food security and environmental objectives4. Ensure an equitable distribution of costs and benefits from the transition to sustainable consumption and production; and secure people’s livelihoods and access to resources5. Adopt integrated approaches to managing multiple objectives and linking financing sources6. Implement governance reforms -> transparency, participation and accountability. The Committee on World Food Security can serve as a model
    • FAO at Rio+20• Technical seminar 19 June• High level event 21 June• Forest sector event 18 June• Involved in the broad agenda, including many other events, days and dialogues• Support to countries to take action• Strong collaboration among the Rome based agencies IFAD, WFP and Bioversity International • Including joint contributions to support the negotiation process