Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in Agriculture

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By Suzan Braatz, Cassandra de Young, Alexandre Meybeck

Website: http://www.fao.org/climatechange/en/

© FAO: http://www.fao.org

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Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in Agriculture

  1. 1. Building Resilience for Adaptation to CC in AgricultureSuzan Braatz | Cassandra de Young | Alexandre Meybeck FAO FAO Knowledge Day Doha 1st December 2012
  2. 2. Drivers of ChangeAffecting biological processes Affecting human choices Pollution/Water quality Governance and politics Climate Legal systems Technological change Acidification System Markets Overfishing Capital/labor flows Demographics Altered habitats Culture Etc… Etc…
  3. 3. What CC changes?• New risks and opportunities• More variability• Changes existing risks• More uncertainty
  4. 4. • Concepts• Specific risks and risks management strategies• Case studies• National policies• Different perspectives: Biophysical, Economic, social• Different scales
  5. 5. Risks andSystems:Impactsof adroughtonlivestockgrazingsystems
  6. 6. Systemsat differentscales
  7. 7. Climate change impacts on fisheries and aquaculture
  8. 8. Predicted effects on fisheries’ catch potentialCheung et al. 2009
  9. 9. Vulnerabilities and vulnerabilityVulnerability of “what” to “what”: SYSTEM or COMPONENT(s) which “bear” the DOMAIN(s) vulnerability RISK or Variable/quality/dim SET of RISKS ension(s) which characterize the entry of the system in an affected state
  10. 10. Vulnerability at scales V (Territory) Farm Landscape V (Landscape) V (Farm) Animal disease Farm V(Farm) Risk
  11. 11. Vulnerability at scales Compounding effectsFrom one level to another,vulnerabilities can either : Add themselves (+) Compensate each other ( - ÷ √ ) Amplify each other ( × )
  12. 12. Understanding vulnerabilities: applied fisheries exampleGlobal mapping of national economies’ vulnerability to climate change impacts onfisheries Allison et al, 2009
  13. 13. Resilience
  14. 14. Preparing and responding to the impacts:adaptation to climate change through broader vulnerability reduction • Ecological, Economic and Social Resilience – implementation of systems approaches to agriculture, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture – livelihood diversification, flexible access rights, public and private insurance • Technological innovation (seeds, species, IT, etc) • Planned adaptation –policy coherence across sectors (e.g water, agriculture, forestry, fisheries, coastal zone management) • Disaster preparedness and response
  15. 15. Key features of the systems approach: Basic Objectives  Maintaining ecosystem integrity / ecological well being  Improving human well- being and equity  Promoting/enabling good governance
  16. 16. Comprehensive strategies to build resilience in a context of climate change• Identify/understand all the risks, vulnerabilities, systems, dimensions, tools and their targets, and how CC act on them, is necessary prior to integration in a comprehensive approach towards resilience• Reduce, or take account of amplification effects between risks• Organize compensation
  17. 17. ContentBuilding resilience in/through forestry • Maximize resilience of forest ecosystems • Use forests and trees to increase human resilience • Build resilient landscapes • Adopt forest policies and build institutions conducive to resilience FAO Forestry
  18. 18. Tools to profile and manage risks
  19. 19. Building adaptive capacity to changes: address uncertaintyDiversification Animal geneticsGenetic resources
  20. 20. Integrated watershed management z Policy Framework for Jhikhu Khola, Nepal • Ds Forests integrated in farming • systems and in the landscape Bodomo watershed, Faizabad District, Tajikistan. Land use plan developed through a participatory process FAO Forestry
  21. 21. Dryland agroforestry systemsContent z Guinea. Mosaic of crop fields, pastures and houses with boundary trees and wind breaksMali. Parkland agroforestry systems.Acacia in sorghum fields, livestock infields after harvest FAO Forestry
  22. 22. ContentPolicies & institutions supporting resilience • Coordinated action and policies at national level • Strong local institutions • Capabilities for monitoring • Support adaptive research FAO Forestry

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