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www.pixelquelle.deNutrition, Biodiversity andSustainable Dietsco-chaired byBraulio F. De Souza Dias, Executive Secretary, ...
www.pixelquelle.deAssessing agriculturallandscapes for sustainabledietsStudies on aquatic biodiversity and riceproductionM...
www.pixelquelle.de
www.pixelquelle.deAgricultural landscapes and diets• Work with partners addressing rice and associatedaquatic biodiversity...
www.pixelquelle.deCambodia China Laos Viet Nam TotalAmphibians 2 3 10 -- 11Crustaceans 6 4 5 3 11Fishes 70 54 26 14 145Mol...
www.pixelquelle.deAquatic organisms as food• Fish is mostly eaten fresh.• Processing of fish and other aquatic animalsaims...
www.pixelquelle.deAssessing agricultural landscapesfor sustainable diets• To what extent do people rely onlandscapes and n...
www.pixelquelle.deThe household survey• Monthly survey for12 months• 240 households in 48villages of 3 Provinces(Champassa...
www.pixelquelle.de= 93%!Source: FAO/LARReC 2007
www.pixelquelle.deSource: FAO/LARReC 2007
www.pixelquelle.deFish for a balanced diet and good health• Source of– proteinmicronutrients that arenot or not adequately...
www.pixelquelle.deVitamin A deficiencyConsequences:– Eye damage (picture)– Impaired immunity– Increased mortality
www.pixelquelle.deVitamin A content in different fish speciesSpecies Vitamin A (Mean, RAE/100g)Amblypharyngodon mola 2,680...
www.pixelquelle.deDistribution of Vitamin A in Amblypharyngodon mola53 %39 %7 %1 %Source: H. Thorseng, 2006
www.pixelquelle.deEnhance production and biodiversity fromagricultural landscapes for better diets?• Promote better manage...
www.pixelquelle.dePromote better managementpractices
www.pixelquelle.dePromote better managementpracticesSource: Prein & Dey 2006
www.pixelquelle.deMaintain connectivity
www.pixelquelle.deSource: H. Thorseng 2006Zinc and Calcium contentSpecies: 1.Barbodes altus; 2. Barbodes gonionotus;3.Punt...
www.pixelquelle.deThank you!=>Agricultural rice-based landscapes, their management, connectivity andspecies composition ar...
www.pixelquelle.deReferences• FAO/LARReC 2007. Aquatic biodiversity in rice-based ecosystems for Lao PDR.Technical Paper. ...
www.pixelquelle.deAcknowledgements/Photo credits• Slide 2: FAO/A. Luo (top left & top right); J. Margraf (top middle),FAO/...
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Assessing agricultural landscapes for sustainable diets: Aquatic biodiversity in rice-ecosystems

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Presentation on “Assessing agricultural landscapes for sustainable diets: studies on aquatic biodiversity from rice-based ecosystems” for the side-event “Nutrition, Biodiversity and Sustainable Diets” on the 15th April 2013 (13.45-14.45h), hosted by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and The Convention on Biological Diversity, on occasion of the 14th Session of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.

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Transcript of "Assessing agricultural landscapes for sustainable diets: Aquatic biodiversity in rice-ecosystems"

  1. 1. www.pixelquelle.deNutrition, Biodiversity andSustainable Dietsco-chaired byBraulio F. De Souza Dias, Executive Secretary, Convention on Biological DiversityJomo Sundaram, Assistant Director- General, Economic and Social DevelopmentDepartment, FAOOn occasion of the14th Session of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculturethe Food and Agriculture Organization and The Convention on Biological Diversityhosted a side-event on the 15th April 2013, 13.45-14.45h, Iran Room, FAO HQ Italy onPanelists and Presentations:• Barbara Burlingame, Principal Nutrition Officer, FAO - Key issues in nutrition for the CGRFA• Bruce Cogill, Senior Nutritionist, Bioversity International - Methods and indicators for sustainable diets• Matthias Halwart, Senior Aquaculture Officer, FAO – Assessing agricultural landscapes forsustainable diets: studies on aquatic biodiversity from rice-based ecosystems• Frank Begemann, Director, Sustainability, International Agricultural Affairs, German FederalOffice for Agriculture and Food (BLE) – Biodiversity and nutrition: a perspective from the BLE
  2. 2. www.pixelquelle.deAssessing agriculturallandscapes for sustainabledietsStudies on aquatic biodiversity and riceproductionMatthias HalwartFAO Fisheries and Aquaculture DepartmentwithPeter Balzer, Devin Bartley, Barbara Burlingame, Penroong Bamrungrach, RuthCharrondiere, Xaypladeth Choulamany, Linda Collette, Hans Guttman, Simon Funge-Smith, Caroline Garaway, David James, Jiansan Jia, Peter Kenmore, Aidong Luo, JosefMargraf, Eric Meusch, Weimin Miao, Mulia Nurhasan, Chanthone Phothitay, Jogeir Toppeand William Settle
  3. 3. www.pixelquelle.de
  4. 4. www.pixelquelle.deAgricultural landscapes and diets• Work with partners addressing rice and associatedaquatic biodiversity, its availability and use in SEAsia (FNPP-I)• its role for nutrition and diets in the Lao PDR(FNPP-II)• continued this year as part of Regional Rice PilotInitiative in Lao PDR, Indonesia and thePhilippines• relevant to: CBD Decision X.34, RAMSARResolution X.31, International Rice Commission ,CGRFA and SoW AqGR
  5. 5. www.pixelquelle.deCambodia China Laos Viet Nam TotalAmphibians 2 3 10 -- 11Crustaceans 6 4 5 3 11Fishes 70 54 26 14 145Molluscs 1 5 8 6 15Reptiles 8 -- 7 -- 13Plants 13 -- 20 14 37Total 100 66 74 37 232Source: Halwart & Bartley (Eds.) 2005Rice fields – more than just rice!
  6. 6. www.pixelquelle.deAquatic organisms as food• Fish is mostly eaten fresh.• Processing of fish and other aquatic animalsaims at increasing the storability.• Processing techniques encountered include:– Drying– Smoking– Salting– Fermenting– Preserving inAlcohol
  7. 7. www.pixelquelle.deAssessing agricultural landscapesfor sustainable diets• To what extent do people rely onlandscapes and nature?• To what extent do aquaticorganisms from naturalecosystems versus rice-basedecosystems contribute to theoverall diet?• What is the nutritional value ofthe aquatic species encountered?
  8. 8. www.pixelquelle.deThe household survey• Monthly survey for12 months• 240 households in 48villages of 3 Provinces(Champassak, Savanna-khet and Xieng Khouang)• Main aim to quantify theimportance of fish andother aquatic animalsfrom rice-basedecosystems for householdconsumption.Source: FAO/LARReC 2007
  9. 9. www.pixelquelle.de= 93%!Source: FAO/LARReC 2007
  10. 10. www.pixelquelle.deSource: FAO/LARReC 2007
  11. 11. www.pixelquelle.deFish for a balanced diet and good health• Source of– proteinmicronutrients that arenot or not adequatelyfound in rice– fatty acids– calcium– iron– zinc– vitamin A
  12. 12. www.pixelquelle.deVitamin A deficiencyConsequences:– Eye damage (picture)– Impaired immunity– Increased mortality
  13. 13. www.pixelquelle.deVitamin A content in different fish speciesSpecies Vitamin A (Mean, RAE/100g)Amblypharyngodon mola 2,680Rasbora tornieri 1,477Clupeoides borneensis 250Channa punctatus 140Corica soborna 90Silver carp 30Source: N. Roos et al., 2002
  14. 14. www.pixelquelle.deDistribution of Vitamin A in Amblypharyngodon mola53 %39 %7 %1 %Source: H. Thorseng, 2006
  15. 15. www.pixelquelle.deEnhance production and biodiversity fromagricultural landscapes for better diets?• Promote better management practices• Maintain connectivity• Select nutrient-dense species• .... all this needs to be done with farmers
  16. 16. www.pixelquelle.dePromote better managementpractices
  17. 17. www.pixelquelle.dePromote better managementpracticesSource: Prein & Dey 2006
  18. 18. www.pixelquelle.deMaintain connectivity
  19. 19. www.pixelquelle.deSource: H. Thorseng 2006Zinc and Calcium contentSpecies: 1.Barbodes altus; 2. Barbodes gonionotus;3.Puntioplites proctozysron; 4. Channa marulius; 5. Channamicropeltes; 6. Helostoma temmincki; 7. Trichogastermicrolepis; 8. Parambassis wollfi Osteochilus hasselti; 10.Dangila sp.; 11. Euryglossa panoides 12. Cyclocheilichthysapogon; 13. Parachela siamensis; 14. Rasbora tornieri; 15.Dermogenys pusilla; 16. Esomus longimanusSpecies0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17mgZn/kgDM050100150200250Error bar: SD, n=3 samplesSpecies0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17gCa/kgDM020406080Photo: H. Thorseng 2006
  20. 20. www.pixelquelle.deThank you!=>Agricultural rice-based landscapes, their management, connectivity andspecies composition are critical for sustainable diets=> Goals of food security and environmental protection not onlycompatible, but synergistic
  21. 21. www.pixelquelle.deReferences• FAO/LARReC 2007. Aquatic biodiversity in rice-based ecosystems for Lao PDR.Technical Paper. FAO – Netherlands Partnership Programme (FNPP) 2006–07(unpublished).• Greenland, D.J. 1997. The sustainability of rice farming. CAB International,Wallingford, UK. 273 p.• Halwart, M. and D. Bartley (Eds.) 2005. Aquatic biodiversity in rice-based ecosystems.Studies and reports from Cambodia, China, Lao PDR and Viet Nam [CD-ROM]. Rome,FAO. Also available at ftp://ftp.fao.org/FI/CDrom/AqBiodCD20Jul2005/default.htm• Prein, M. & M. M Dey 2006 Community-based fish culture in seasonal floodplains. In:Halwart, M.; Dam, A.A. van (Eds.): Integrated irrigation and aquaculture in West Africa:concepts, practices and potential, pp. 17-26. Rome, FAO. 181 pp.• Roos, N., T. Leth, J. Jakobsen, and S.H. Thilsted 2002. High Vitamin A content in somesmall indigenous fish species in Bangladesh: perspectives for food-based strategies toreduce Vitamin A deficiency. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 53: 425-437.• Thorseng, H. 2006. The role of fish in food and nutrition security in Cambodia.Presentation at the National Conference on ‘Prioritizing Fisheries for Cambodia’sNational Development and Community Aspiration’, Sihanoukville, Cambodia. 14-15February 2006
  22. 22. www.pixelquelle.deAcknowledgements/Photo credits• Slide 2: FAO/A. Luo (top left & top right); J. Margraf (top middle),FAO/M. Halwart (bottom left)• Slide 5: FAO/P. Balzer• Slide 6: FAO/M. Halwart (top), FAO/A. Luo (bottom)• Slide 10: FAO/E. Meusch• Slide 11: H. Thorseng• Slide 12: M. Prein• Slide 14: FAO/P. Balzer• Slide 15: FAO/F. Botts (top left), FAO/Y. Zhou (top right and bottom left),FAO/M. Halwart (bottom right)• Slide 16: FAO/M. Halwart• Slide 17: FAO/M. Halwart (top left and right), M. Prein (bottom left)• Slide 18: H. Thorseng• Slide 19: FAO/A. Luo (top left and right), G. Jahn (top middle)
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