Assessing agricultural landscapes for sustainable diets: Aquatic biodiversity in rice-ecosystems
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Assessing agricultural landscapes for sustainable diets: Aquatic biodiversity in rice-ecosystems

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Presentation on “Assessing agricultural landscapes for sustainable diets: studies on aquatic biodiversity from rice-based ecosystems” for the side-event “Nutrition, Biodiversity and Sustainable Diets” on the 15th April 2013 (13.45-14.45h), hosted by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and The Convention on Biological Diversity, on occasion of the 14th Session of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.

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Assessing agricultural landscapes for sustainable diets: Aquatic biodiversity in rice-ecosystems Assessing agricultural landscapes for sustainable diets: Aquatic biodiversity in rice-ecosystems Presentation Transcript

  • www.pixelquelle.deNutrition, Biodiversity andSustainable Dietsco-chaired byBraulio F. De Souza Dias, Executive Secretary, Convention on Biological DiversityJomo Sundaram, Assistant Director- General, Economic and Social DevelopmentDepartment, FAOOn occasion of the14th Session of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculturethe Food and Agriculture Organization and The Convention on Biological Diversityhosted a side-event on the 15th April 2013, 13.45-14.45h, Iran Room, FAO HQ Italy onPanelists and Presentations:• Barbara Burlingame, Principal Nutrition Officer, FAO - Key issues in nutrition for the CGRFA• Bruce Cogill, Senior Nutritionist, Bioversity International - Methods and indicators for sustainable diets• Matthias Halwart, Senior Aquaculture Officer, FAO – Assessing agricultural landscapes forsustainable diets: studies on aquatic biodiversity from rice-based ecosystems• Frank Begemann, Director, Sustainability, International Agricultural Affairs, German FederalOffice for Agriculture and Food (BLE) – Biodiversity and nutrition: a perspective from the BLE
  • www.pixelquelle.deAssessing agriculturallandscapes for sustainabledietsStudies on aquatic biodiversity and riceproductionMatthias HalwartFAO Fisheries and Aquaculture DepartmentwithPeter Balzer, Devin Bartley, Barbara Burlingame, Penroong Bamrungrach, RuthCharrondiere, Xaypladeth Choulamany, Linda Collette, Hans Guttman, Simon Funge-Smith, Caroline Garaway, David James, Jiansan Jia, Peter Kenmore, Aidong Luo, JosefMargraf, Eric Meusch, Weimin Miao, Mulia Nurhasan, Chanthone Phothitay, Jogeir Toppeand William Settle
  • www.pixelquelle.de
  • www.pixelquelle.deAgricultural landscapes and diets• Work with partners addressing rice and associatedaquatic biodiversity, its availability and use in SEAsia (FNPP-I)• its role for nutrition and diets in the Lao PDR(FNPP-II)• continued this year as part of Regional Rice PilotInitiative in Lao PDR, Indonesia and thePhilippines• relevant to: CBD Decision X.34, RAMSARResolution X.31, International Rice Commission ,CGRFA and SoW AqGR
  • www.pixelquelle.deCambodia China Laos Viet Nam TotalAmphibians 2 3 10 -- 11Crustaceans 6 4 5 3 11Fishes 70 54 26 14 145Molluscs 1 5 8 6 15Reptiles 8 -- 7 -- 13Plants 13 -- 20 14 37Total 100 66 74 37 232Source: Halwart & Bartley (Eds.) 2005Rice fields – more than just rice!
  • www.pixelquelle.deAquatic organisms as food• Fish is mostly eaten fresh.• Processing of fish and other aquatic animalsaims at increasing the storability.• Processing techniques encountered include:– Drying– Smoking– Salting– Fermenting– Preserving inAlcohol
  • www.pixelquelle.deAssessing agricultural landscapesfor sustainable diets• To what extent do people rely onlandscapes and nature?• To what extent do aquaticorganisms from naturalecosystems versus rice-basedecosystems contribute to theoverall diet?• What is the nutritional value ofthe aquatic species encountered?
  • www.pixelquelle.deThe household survey• Monthly survey for12 months• 240 households in 48villages of 3 Provinces(Champassak, Savanna-khet and Xieng Khouang)• Main aim to quantify theimportance of fish andother aquatic animalsfrom rice-basedecosystems for householdconsumption.Source: FAO/LARReC 2007
  • www.pixelquelle.de= 93%!Source: FAO/LARReC 2007
  • www.pixelquelle.deSource: FAO/LARReC 2007
  • www.pixelquelle.deFish for a balanced diet and good health• Source of– proteinmicronutrients that arenot or not adequatelyfound in rice– fatty acids– calcium– iron– zinc– vitamin A
  • www.pixelquelle.deVitamin A deficiencyConsequences:– Eye damage (picture)– Impaired immunity– Increased mortality
  • www.pixelquelle.deVitamin A content in different fish speciesSpecies Vitamin A (Mean, RAE/100g)Amblypharyngodon mola 2,680Rasbora tornieri 1,477Clupeoides borneensis 250Channa punctatus 140Corica soborna 90Silver carp 30Source: N. Roos et al., 2002
  • www.pixelquelle.deDistribution of Vitamin A in Amblypharyngodon mola53 %39 %7 %1 %Source: H. Thorseng, 2006
  • www.pixelquelle.deEnhance production and biodiversity fromagricultural landscapes for better diets?• Promote better management practices• Maintain connectivity• Select nutrient-dense species• .... all this needs to be done with farmers
  • www.pixelquelle.dePromote better managementpractices
  • www.pixelquelle.dePromote better managementpracticesSource: Prein & Dey 2006
  • www.pixelquelle.deMaintain connectivity
  • www.pixelquelle.deSource: H. Thorseng 2006Zinc and Calcium contentSpecies: 1.Barbodes altus; 2. Barbodes gonionotus;3.Puntioplites proctozysron; 4. Channa marulius; 5. Channamicropeltes; 6. Helostoma temmincki; 7. Trichogastermicrolepis; 8. Parambassis wollfi Osteochilus hasselti; 10.Dangila sp.; 11. Euryglossa panoides 12. Cyclocheilichthysapogon; 13. Parachela siamensis; 14. Rasbora tornieri; 15.Dermogenys pusilla; 16. Esomus longimanusSpecies0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17mgZn/kgDM050100150200250Error bar: SD, n=3 samplesSpecies0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17gCa/kgDM020406080Photo: H. Thorseng 2006
  • www.pixelquelle.deThank you!=>Agricultural rice-based landscapes, their management, connectivity andspecies composition are critical for sustainable diets=> Goals of food security and environmental protection not onlycompatible, but synergistic
  • www.pixelquelle.deReferences• FAO/LARReC 2007. Aquatic biodiversity in rice-based ecosystems for Lao PDR.Technical Paper. FAO – Netherlands Partnership Programme (FNPP) 2006–07(unpublished).• Greenland, D.J. 1997. The sustainability of rice farming. CAB International,Wallingford, UK. 273 p.• Halwart, M. and D. Bartley (Eds.) 2005. Aquatic biodiversity in rice-based ecosystems.Studies and reports from Cambodia, China, Lao PDR and Viet Nam [CD-ROM]. Rome,FAO. Also available at ftp://ftp.fao.org/FI/CDrom/AqBiodCD20Jul2005/default.htm• Prein, M. & M. M Dey 2006 Community-based fish culture in seasonal floodplains. In:Halwart, M.; Dam, A.A. van (Eds.): Integrated irrigation and aquaculture in West Africa:concepts, practices and potential, pp. 17-26. Rome, FAO. 181 pp.• Roos, N., T. Leth, J. Jakobsen, and S.H. Thilsted 2002. High Vitamin A content in somesmall indigenous fish species in Bangladesh: perspectives for food-based strategies toreduce Vitamin A deficiency. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr. 53: 425-437.• Thorseng, H. 2006. The role of fish in food and nutrition security in Cambodia.Presentation at the National Conference on ‘Prioritizing Fisheries for Cambodia’sNational Development and Community Aspiration’, Sihanoukville, Cambodia. 14-15February 2006
  • www.pixelquelle.deAcknowledgements/Photo credits• Slide 2: FAO/A. Luo (top left & top right); J. Margraf (top middle),FAO/M. Halwart (bottom left)• Slide 5: FAO/P. Balzer• Slide 6: FAO/M. Halwart (top), FAO/A. Luo (bottom)• Slide 10: FAO/E. Meusch• Slide 11: H. Thorseng• Slide 12: M. Prein• Slide 14: FAO/P. Balzer• Slide 15: FAO/F. Botts (top left), FAO/Y. Zhou (top right and bottom left),FAO/M. Halwart (bottom right)• Slide 16: FAO/M. Halwart• Slide 17: FAO/M. Halwart (top left and right), M. Prein (bottom left)• Slide 18: H. Thorseng• Slide 19: FAO/A. Luo (top left and right), G. Jahn (top middle)